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Brohede, Sabina
Publications (2 of 2) Show all publications
Brohede, S., Wingren, G., Wijma, B. & Wijma, K. (2015). Prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder among Swedish women: A population-based study. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 58, 108-115
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder among Swedish women: A population-based study
2015 (English)In: Comprehensive Psychiatry, ISSN 0010-440X, E-ISSN 1532-8384, Vol. 58, p. 108-115Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterized by a highly distressing and impairing preoccupation with nonexistent or slight defects in appearance. Patients with BDD present to both psychiatric and non-psychiatric physicians. A few studies have assessed BDD prevalence in representative samples of the general population and have demonstrated that this disorder is relatively common. Our primary objective was to assess the prevalence of BDD in the Swedish population because no data are currently available. Methods: In the current cross-sectional study, 2891 randomly selected Swedish women aged 18-60 years participated. The occurrence of BDD was assessed using the Body Dysmorphic Disorder Questionnaire (BDDQ), which is a validated self-report measure derived from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-IV criteria for BDD. In addition, symptoms of depression and anxiety were measured using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Results: The prevalence of BDD among Swedish women was 2.1%. The women with BDD had significantly more symptoms of depression and anxiety than the women without BDD. Depression (HADS depression score greater than= 8) and anxiety (HADS anxiety score greater than= 8) were reported by 42% and 72% of the women with BDD, respectively. Conclusions: The results of the present study indicate that BDD is relatively common among Swedish women (2.1%) and that it is associated with significant morbidity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WB Saunders, 2015
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-117368 (URN)10.1016/j.comppsych.2014.12.014 (DOI)000351807800015 ()25617963 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding Agencies|Linkoping University; Ostergotland County Council

Available from: 2015-04-24 Created: 2015-04-24 Last updated: 2018-11-15
Brohede, S., Wingren, G., Wijma, B. & Wijma, K. (2013). Validation of the Body Dysmorphic Disorder Questionnaire in a community sample of Swedish women. Psychiatry Research, 210(2), 647-652
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Validation of the Body Dysmorphic Disorder Questionnaire in a community sample of Swedish women
2013 (English)In: Psychiatry Research, ISSN 0165-1781, E-ISSN 1872-7123, Vol. 210, no 2, p. 647-652Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) is characterized by a distressing and impairing preoccupation with a nonexistent or slight defect in appearance. Patients with the disorder present to both psychiatric and non-psychiatric physicians. A few studies have assessed BDD prevalence in the general population and have shown that the disorder is relatively common. To date, no BDD assessment instruments have been validated in the general population. Our aim was to validate a brief self-screening instrument, the Body Dysmorphic Disorder Questionnaire (BDDQ), in a female community sample. The BDDQ was translated into Swedish and filled out by 2891 women from a randomly selected community sample. The questionnaire was validated in a subsample of 88 women, using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID) together with clinical assessment as the gold standard. In the validation subsample, the BDDQ showed good concurrent validity, with a sensitivity of 94%, a specificity of 90% and a likelihood ratio of 9.4. The questionnaire can therefore be of value when screening for BDD in female populations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013
Keywords
Self-report instrument; Measurement; Somatoform disorders; Appearance concerns; Body image
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-103301 (URN)10.1016/j.psychres.2013.07.019 (DOI)000328518600044 ()
Available from: 2014-01-17 Created: 2014-01-16 Last updated: 2018-11-15
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