liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Norblad, Rickard
Publications (2 of 2) Show all publications
Abdalla, M., Norblad, R., Olsson, M., Landerholm, K., Andersson, P., Söderholm, J. D., . . . Myrelid, P. (2019). Anorectal Function After Ileo-Rectal Anastomosis Is Better than Pelvic Pouch in Selected Ulcerative Colitis Patients. Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Anorectal Function After Ileo-Rectal Anastomosis Is Better than Pelvic Pouch in Selected Ulcerative Colitis Patients
Show others...
2019 (English)In: Digestive Diseases and Sciences, ISSN 0163-2116, E-ISSN 1573-2568Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: With a lifelong perspective, 12% of ulcerative colitis patients will need a colectomy. Further reconstruction via ileo-rectal anastomosis or pouch can be affected by patients' perspective of their quality of life after surgery.

AIM: To assess the function and quality of life after restorative procedures with either ileo-rectal anastomosis or ileal pouch-anal anastomosis in relation to the inflammatory activity on endoscopy and in biopsies.

METHOD: A total of 143 UC patients operated with subtotal colectomy and ileo-rectal anastomosis or pouches between 1992 and 2006 at Linköping University Hospital were invited to participate. Those who completed the validated questionnaires (Öresland score, SF-36, Short Health Scale) were offered an endoscopic evaluation including multiple biopsies. Associations between anorectal function and quality of life with type of restorative procedure and severity of endoscopic and histopathologic grading of inflammation were evaluated.

RESULTS: Some 77 (53.9%) eligible patients completed questionnaires, of these 68 (88.3%) underwent endoscopic evaluation after a median follow-up of 12.5 (range 3.5-19.4) years after restorative procedure. Patients with ileo-rectal anastomosis reported better overall Öresland score: median = 3 (IQR 2-5) for ileo-rectal anastomosis (n = 38) and 10 (IQR 5-15) for pouch patients (n = 39) (p < 0.001). Anorectal function (Öresland score) and endoscopic findings (Baron-Ginsberg score) were positively correlated in pouch patients (tau: 0.28, p = 0.006).

CONCLUSION: Patients operated with ileo-rectal anastomosis reported better continence compared to pouches. Minor differences were noted regarding the quality of life. Ileo-rectal anastomosis is a valid option for properly selected ulcerative colitis patients if strict postoperative endoscopic surveillance is carried out.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer-Verlag New York, 2019
Keywords
Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis, Ileo-rectal anastomosis, Quality of life, Ulcerative colitis
National Category
Surgery Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-160247 (URN)10.1007/s10620-019-05757-6 (DOI)31372911 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85070104240 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-09-13 Created: 2019-09-13 Last updated: 2019-11-04Bibliographically approved
Andersson, P., Norblad, R., Söderholm, J. D. & Myrelid, P. (2014). Ileorectal anastomosis in comparison with ileal pouch anal anastomosis in reconstructive surgery for ulcerative colitis - a single institution experience. Journal of Crohn's & Colitis, 8(7), 582-589
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ileorectal anastomosis in comparison with ileal pouch anal anastomosis in reconstructive surgery for ulcerative colitis - a single institution experience
2014 (English)In: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis, ISSN 1873-9946, E-ISSN 1876-4479, Vol. 8, no 7, p. 582-589Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

INTRODUCTION:

Ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) is the standard procedure for reconstruction after colectomy for ulcerative colitis (UC). However, ileorectal anastomosis (IRA) as an alternative has, recently experienced a revival. This study from a single center compares the clinical outcomes of these procedures.

METHODS:

From 1992 to 2006, 253 patients consecutively underwent either IRA (n=105) or IPAA (n=148). Selection to either procedure was determined on the basis of rectal inflammation, presence of dysplasia/cancer or patient preferences. Patient-records were retrospectively evaluated. Mean follow-up time was 5.4 and 6.3 years respectively.

RESULTS:

Major postoperative complications occurred in 12.4% of patients after IRA and in 12.8% after IPAA (ns). Complications of any kind after IRA or IPAA, even including subsequent stoma-closure, occurred in 23.8% and 39.9% respectively (p<0.01). Estimated cumulative failure rates after 5 and 10 years were 10.1% and 24.1% for IRA and 6.1% and 18.6% for IPAA respectively (ns). The most common cause for failure was intractable proctitis (4.8%) and unspecified dysfunction (4.8%) respectively. At follow-up 76.9% of patients with IRA had proctitis and 34.1% with IPAA had pouchitis. Estimated cumulative cancer-risk after 10, 20 and 25 year duration of disease was 0.0%, 2.1% and 8.7% for IRA. Figures for IPAA were 0.7%, 1.8% and 1.8% (ns).

CONCLUSION:

Failure-rates did not significantly differ between patients operated with IRA or IPAA. Patients operated with IPAA had a higher cumulative number of postoperative complications. The high long-term cancer-risk after IRA indicates that this procedure should be an interim solution in younger patients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2014
Keywords
Ulcerative colitis; IRA; IPAA; Complications; Failure
National Category
Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-109174 (URN)10.1016/j.crohns.2013.11.014 (DOI)000337867700003 ()24315777 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2014-08-12 Created: 2014-08-11 Last updated: 2017-12-05
Organisations

Search in DiVA

Show all publications