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Gustafsson, M., Svensson, N. & Anderberg, S. (2018). Energy performance indicators as policy support for public bus transport: The case of Sweden. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 65, 697-709
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Energy performance indicators as policy support for public bus transport: The case of Sweden
2018 (English)In: Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, ISSN 1361-9209, E-ISSN 1879-2340, Vol. 65, p. 697-709Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The share of renewable fuels in Swedish public transport is steadily increasing, in line with European energy and climate goals as well as a national goal of a fossil-free vehicle fleet by 2030. However, the progression towards this goal is quite different among the Swedish regions, and efforts have been made on a national level to compare the public bus transport systems and provide a foundation for policymaking. This paper investigates different ways of assessing and presenting the energy performance of public bus transport systems. The analysis includes use of renewable and fossil fuels as well as energy efficiency and its underlying factors. Various energy performance indicators are presented and discussed with regards to practical implications and applicability for policy support.

A life cycle perspective on fuels (“well-to-wheel”) is found to have clear advantages when it comes to global reductions of fossil energy use and emissions. This requires detailed information about the fuel use, which is not always the case with the existing reporting system. Setting the energy use in relation to number of passengers transported rather than just the distance covered would better reflect the function of the transport system, but is also more uncertain with the current data available.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Energy efficiency, Public transport, Life cycle perspective, Well-to-wheel, Energy performance indicators, Policy support
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-152858 (URN)10.1016/j.trd.2018.10.008 (DOI)000453626000046 ()
Projects
Biogas Research Center
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 35624-2
Note

Funding agencies: Swedish Biogas Research Center (BRC) - Swedish Energy Agency

Available from: 2018-11-23 Created: 2018-11-23 Last updated: 2019-01-07
Fältström, E., Gustafsson, S., Hagman, M., Wittgren, H. B. & Anderberg, S. (2018). Kommunperspektiv på uppströmsarbete i Sverige i dag och i framtiden. Stockholm: Svenskt Vatten AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kommunperspektiv på uppströmsarbete i Sverige i dag och i framtiden
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2018 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Uppströmsarbete inom vattensektorn är viktigt för att minska miljöförore­ningar i samhället och förhindra att föroreningar hamnar i kretsloppet av vatten och näringsämnen. Rapporten är ett första försök att beskriva upp­strömsarbetet i svenska VA-organisationer och hur det kan komma att se ut i framtiden. För att utveckla uppströmsarbetet behöver kommunerna mer vägledning och plattformar för erfarenhetsutbyte.

I kommunerna pågår det uppströmsarbete för olika sorters vatten: spill­vatten, dagvatten och råvatten till dricksvattenproduktion. Projektet har undersökt hur kommunerna arbetar med alla tre vattentyperna. De tre hänger också ihop eftersom dagvatten och vatten från reningsverk kan rinna ut i recipienter som även fungerar som råvattentäkter. Vanligast är uppströmsarbete för spillvatten, dels för att skydda reningsprocessen och recipienten, dels för att höja slammets kvalitet. Uppströmsarbete startade redan på 1960-talet med kontroll av industriavlopp, men begreppet lan­serades först på 1990-talet. I Svenskt Vattens Revaq-certifiering av slam är uppströmsarbete en viktig del. Uppströmsarbete för dagvatten är svårare att genomföra än för spill- och råvatten eftersom det saknas gränsvärden och riktlinjer.

Projektet identifierade först genom en litteraturgenomgång de verktyg som kan användas i uppströmsarbete. En enkätundersökning genomfördes sedan med 44 VA-organisationer, och tolv av dem valdes ut för intervjuer. Totalt medverkade 87 kommuner. Organisationerna fick berätta om sina behov och bidra med goda exempel. Majoriteten av dem som svarade på enkäten har någon form av uppströmsarbete. Arbetet fungerar för det mesta bra och anses vara viktigt. De flesta av organisationerna har mindre än en heltidstjänst för uppströmsarbete. Flera upplever att man skulle kunna göra mer, men att det kan vara svårt att avsätta tid och pengar när det inte är klarlagt vad arbetet innebär eller går att visa mätbart positiva effekter. Sam­arbetet med tillsynsmyndigheterna är viktigt, men ser olika ut i olika kom­muner. Här behövs det mer kunskap när det gäller hur ett samarbete kan och bör se ut.

Enkäten och intervjuerna visar att det finns behov av vägledning, framför allt när det gäller dagvatten och hantering av fett i avloppssystemet, men även för uppströmsarbetet i stort. Det behövs också möjligheter till erfa­renhetsutbyte, till exempel ett nationellt nätverk och en konferens eller ett seminarium med fokus på uppströmsarbete.

Huvudförfattare till rapporten är Emma Fältström, doktorand på Linkö­pings universitet och Sweden Water Research.

Abstract [en]

Upstream work is an important measure to reduce environmental pollu­tion in society and prevent pollution that has already been introduced to society from entering the water- or nutrient cycle. Although upstream work started in the 1960’s there is still little documentation on its practice. We have investigated how the upstream work is carried out in Swedish water and wastewater organisations, and potential future directions, for wastewa­ter, raw water and stormwater. The intention was also to provide munici­palities with the opportunity to express needs and contribute with success stories from their own work. The report is to be seen as a qualitative inves­tigation rather than a broad survey of the upstream work. The project was financed by Svenskt Vatten Utveckling and Sweden Water Research. The main author is Emma Fältström, PhD-candidate at Sweden Water Research and Linköping University.

A literature review identified tools that are used or have the potential to be used in upstream work. After, a survey was conducted with 44 water and wastewater organisations. Based on the survey, 12 organisations were selected for interviews.

The majority of respondents had some kind of existing upstream work today. The upstream work seem to work mostly well and the majority of respondents saw upstream work as an important part of the water and wastewater sector’s responsibilities. However, several municipalities feel a need to do more and most survey respondents have less than one full-time employment dedicated to upstream work. Several municipalities also state that upstream work needs higher priority. It was, however, experienced as difficult to allocate time and money when it is not clear what the work entails, and when the measurable positive effects are not always obvious.

How the work is practically executed in the municipalities differs. There­fore, there is no consensus about the needs for future development of upstream work. As the work largely differs, a national coordinating function could facilitate exchange of experiences between municipalities. A confer­ence or seminar focusing on upstream work could also contribute to the exchange of knowledge. Specific guidance on grease, general guidance for stormwater, as well as overarching guidance for upstream work in general was put forward as important issues by several municipalities. Amount and quality of the cooperation with e.g. the municipal environmental depart­ment and county administrative board also differ between municipalities. This issue require further attention and in-depth studies.

The results from this study provide a first insight into how upstream work is carried out in the municipalities. Primary beneficiaries of these results are personnel at water and wastewater utilities and municipal environmental departments. Further, the report provides a first insight into what could be included in upstream work. This contribute to an increased understanding of the work, which should be interesting for water and wastewater managers as well as different municipal departments and other authorities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Svenskt Vatten AB, 2018. p. 60
Series
Svenskt Vatten Utveckling, ISSN 1654-644X ; 2018:09
Keywords
Environmental pollution, Management, Drinking water, Source control, Stormwater, Upstream work, Wastewater, Water quality, Dagvatten, Management, Miljöförororeningar, Råvatten, Spillvatten, Uppströmsarbete, Vattenkvalitet
National Category
Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-153115 (URN)
Available from: 2018-11-28 Created: 2018-11-28 Last updated: 2018-11-28Bibliographically approved
Wilewska-Bien, M. & Anderberg, S. (2018). Reception of sewage in the Baltic Sea: The port's role in the sustainable management of ship wastes. Marine Policy, 93, 207-213
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reception of sewage in the Baltic Sea: The port's role in the sustainable management of ship wastes
2018 (English)In: Marine Policy, ISSN 0308-597X, E-ISSN 1872-9460, Vol. 93, p. 207-213Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In 2019, the special area requirements under MARPOL 73/78 Annex IV will come into effect in the Baltic Sea.This puts pressure on ports to develop reception facilities for sewage from passenger ships. This paper is built ona review of published information about the ports´ work to update sewage reception facilities and the results ofan e-mail questionnaire that was sent to a number of ports in the region, and interviews with environmentalmanagers from two major ports in the region. During the last 15 years, major investments have been made inport reception facilities in many passenger ports. However, there are still diverging views on the question if theport waste reception capacity in the region is sufficient. A few ports have for a long time been dominant asregards the reception of sewage in the Baltic Sea region, but recent increases in the ports´ waste receptioncapacity have predominantly occurred in smaller ports. This has been brought about by a replacement of mobilemeans for sewage collection with fixed connection systems or an increase of capacity of existing fixed connectionsystems. Following HELCOM recommendation, the majority of the ports have introduced a no-special-fee systembut there are differences in how this is applied.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Sewage, Shipping, Port reception facilities, Baltic Sea, MARPOL Annex IV
National Category
Marine Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-147825 (URN)10.1016/j.marpol.2018.04.012 (DOI)000434752900024 ()2-s2.0-85046679451 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding agencies: BONUS SHEBA Project

Available from: 2018-05-14 Created: 2018-05-14 Last updated: 2018-07-23Bibliographically approved
Anderberg, S. & Wilewska Bien, M. (2017). Billigare avfallshantering i hamnarna har inte gett förväntad effekt. In: Tina Johansen Lilja, Frida Lundberg och Eva-Lotta Sundblad (Ed.), Åtgärder för att minska sjöfartens påverkan på havsmiljön: (pp. 26-27). Göteborg: Havsmiljöinstitutet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Billigare avfallshantering i hamnarna har inte gett förväntad effekt
2017 (Swedish)In: Åtgärder för att minska sjöfartens påverkan på havsmiljön / [ed] Tina Johansen Lilja, Frida Lundberg och Eva-Lotta Sundblad, Göteborg: Havsmiljöinstitutet , 2017, p. 26-27Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Hamnarna kan spela en viktig roll för att minska sjöfartensutsläpp i havet. Reglerna för fartygens avfallsdumpning harskärpts och i Östersjöområdet har det länge funnits en överenskommelseom att fartygen ska kunna lämna sitt avfall ihamn utan extra avgift. I praktiken låter dock de stora förbättringarnavänta på sig.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Havsmiljöinstitutet, 2017
Series
Havsmiljöinstitutets rapport ; 2017:2
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-143776 (URN)9789198229158 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-12-18 Created: 2017-12-18 Last updated: 2018-01-16Bibliographically approved
Anderberg, S. & Wilewska-Bien, M. (2017). Expanderande kryssningsbransch ställer krav på Östersjöns hamnar. In: Tina Johansen Lilja, Frida Lundberg och Eva-Lotta Sundblad (Ed.), Åtgärder för att minska sjöfartens påverkan på havsmiljön: (pp. 24-25). Göteborg: Havsmiljöinstitutet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Expanderande kryssningsbransch ställer krav på Östersjöns hamnar
2017 (Swedish)In: Åtgärder för att minska sjöfartens påverkan på havsmiljön / [ed] Tina Johansen Lilja, Frida Lundberg och Eva-Lotta Sundblad, Göteborg: Havsmiljöinstitutet , 2017, p. 24-25Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Kryssningssjöfarten ger växande inkomster för kuststäderna,men innebär också ökad påverkan på miljön i Östersjön och dess hamnar. Trots att branschen åtagit sig att sluta släppa utavloppsvatten till sjöss lämnar bara var tredje kryssningsfartygsitt avfallsvatten vid hamnbesök. Dessutom är delar av fartygsflottani stort behov av förbättrad miljöprestanda.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Havsmiljöinstitutet, 2017
Series
Havsmiljöinstitutets rapport ; 2017:2
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-143775 (URN)9789198229158 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-12-18 Created: 2017-12-18 Last updated: 2018-01-16Bibliographically approved
Anderberg, S., Kevin, C. & Johansson Nikopolou, Z. (2017). Utsläppshandel kan vara en lönsam vägtill lägre utsläpp från sjöfarten. In: Tina Johansen Lilja, Frida Lundberg och Eva-Lotta Sundblad. (Ed.), Åtgärder för att minska sjöfartens påverkan på havsmiljön: (pp. 14-16). Göteborg: Havsmiljöinstitutet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Utsläppshandel kan vara en lönsam vägtill lägre utsläpp från sjöfarten
2017 (Swedish)In: Åtgärder för att minska sjöfartens påverkan på havsmiljön / [ed] Tina Johansen Lilja, Frida Lundberg och Eva-Lotta Sundblad., Göteborg: Havsmiljöinstitutet , 2017, p. 14-16Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Handel med utsläppsrätter under ett fastställt ”tak” av totalautsläpp som efterhand sänks, har i en del regioner i världenvisat sig vara en både kostnadseffektiv och framgångsrikstrategi för att minska luftföroreningarna. Frågan är om utsläppshandelskulle kunna vara ett effektivt sätt för att minskasjöfartens utsläpp i Europa eller Östersjöregionen?

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Havsmiljöinstitutet, 2017
Series
Havsmiljöinstitutets rapport ; 2017:2
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-143777 (URN)9789198229158 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-12-18 Created: 2017-12-18 Last updated: 2018-01-16Bibliographically approved
Anderberg, S. (2016). Assessing the Contribution of Organic Agriculture: PovertyReduction and Employment Creation in Selected Value Chains. In: Meinhard Breiling, Anbumozhi Venkatachalam (Ed.), Vulnerability of Agricultural Production Networks and Global Food Value Chainsdue to Natural Disasters: Book of Abstracts. Paper presented at Vulnerability of Agricultural Production Networks and Global Food Value Chains due to Natural Disasters Vienna, 20-24 June, 2016 (pp. 23-24). Vienna: TU Wien
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessing the Contribution of Organic Agriculture: PovertyReduction and Employment Creation in Selected Value Chains
2016 (English)In: Vulnerability of Agricultural Production Networks and Global Food Value Chainsdue to Natural Disasters: Book of Abstracts / [ed] Meinhard Breiling, Anbumozhi Venkatachalam, Vienna: TU Wien , 2016, p. 23-24Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Organic agriculture (OA) is increasingly viewed as an economic opportunity for farmers allover the world. This paper addresses the effects of OA in terms of income, vulnerability andpoverty alleviation in rural areas in developing countries. It is based on a literature reviewwith emphasis on two value chains: cotton and coffee, which both involve smallholders indeveloping regions, and growing organic markets, but differ in terms of value chain structuresand geographical patterns.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Vienna: TU Wien, 2016
Keywords
Organic Agriculture, Rural development, Poverty alleviation, Value chain upgrading, Cotton, Coffee.
National Category
Other Agricultural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-143778 (URN)
Conference
Vulnerability of Agricultural Production Networks and Global Food Value Chains due to Natural Disasters Vienna, 20-24 June, 2016
Available from: 2017-12-18 Created: 2017-12-18 Last updated: 2018-01-13
Umair, S., Anderberg, S. & Potting, J. (2016). Informal electronic waste recycling in Pakistan. The Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management, 42(3), 222-235
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Informal electronic waste recycling in Pakistan
2016 (English)In: The Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management, ISSN 1088-1697, Vol. 42, no 3, p. 222-235Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) is growing dramatically all over the world. The fast growth and diffusion of ICTs, their early obsolescence and short life have made electronic waste (e-waste) to the fastest growing waste stream in the world. This waste stream is valuable and highly toxic at the same time, and therefore it requires proper handling. Most e-waste currently ends up in developing countries, like Pakistan, where it is usually recycled informally. Informal recycling involves crude processes, which harm the environment and have severe impacts on the health of recycling workers. This paper analyses the e-waste flows and the informal recycling system in Pakistan, and related governance challenges. Based on field studies in three major cities in Pakistan, we investigate why the e-waste flows keep entering the country, the routes through which they end up in the informal recycling, the actual recycling processes, and identify the various stakeholders and their roles. The analysis illustrates the poor governance that results from weak enforcement of legislation, the complexities emerging with numerous stakeholders, the profitability of informal recycling, little concern for the health damaging exposure for workers from poorest and most vulnerable people in society, and the lack of awareness of the hazards involved. The paper highlights how this business is a market driven entity without priority for proper e-waste handling, which is also hampered by lacking characteristics of good governance, which make it a challenge to control this business.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Chester, United States: Widener University * Department of Civil Engineering, 2016
Keywords
E-waste, Pakistan, import routes, informal recycling system, stakeholder mapping, recycling processes, governance challenges
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-143774 (URN)10.5276/JSWTM.2016.222 (DOI)2-s2.0-84988876892 (Scopus ID)Chester, United States (Local ID)Chester, United States (Archive number)Chester, United States (OAI)
Available from: 2017-12-18 Created: 2017-12-18 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
Busch, H. & Anderberg, S. (2015). Green Attraction: Transnational Municipal Climate Networks and Green City Branding. Journal of Management and Sustainability, 5(4), 1-16
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Green Attraction: Transnational Municipal Climate Networks and Green City Branding
2015 (English)In: Journal of Management and Sustainability, ISSN 1925-4733, Vol. 5, no 4, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, we investigate the nexus of green city branding and municipal climate networks. In recent decades, a number of formal transnational municipal climate networks have emerged and their membership continues to increase. In parallel, city branding that is based on green policies, has gained importance. Based on quantitative and qualitative data, we assess how and to what extent German cities use their membership in transnational municipal climate networks to communicate green city brands. In contrast to our expectations, we encountered very few indications of green city branding efforts by German cities. Our analysis shows that in general, branding considerations only play a negligible role in the involvement of cities in transnational municipal climate networks or climate policies. Instead, it seems that German cities use their membership in climate networks, to genuinely improve local climate change strategies. We therefore suggest that research on green city branding should be more sensitive to the particular context of cities and efforts should be made to unveil theunderlying motives for the communication of green policies.

Keywords
transnational municipal climate networks, green city branding, urban climate governance, climate
National Category
Human Geography Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-123202 (URN)10.5539/jms.v5n4p1 (DOI)
Available from: 2015-12-07 Created: 2015-12-07 Last updated: 2016-01-19Bibliographically approved
Anderberg, S. (2015). Urban green growth-myth or reality?. In: Willem van Winden, Luis Carvalho (Ed.), URBACT II New Urban Economies : How can cities foster economic development and develop ‘new urban economies’ (pp. 35-38). Saint-Denis, France: URBACT II Programme
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Urban green growth-myth or reality?
2015 (English)In: URBACT II New Urban Economies : How can cities foster economic development and develop ‘new urban economies’ / [ed] Willem van Winden, Luis Carvalho, Saint-Denis, France: URBACT II Programme , 2015, p. 35-38Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

‘To create the most resource-efficient region in the world’. This is the vision of Tekniska verken, the municipalityowned infrastructural company in Linköping, Sweden. It reflects the city’ s long-standing ambitions to be a ‘forerunner in climate and environmental initiatives’ and to support ‘business-driven’ environmental development, actively stimulating the development of a green economic sector. Linköping and the surrounding county of Östergötland are here used for discussing the development of the green economy in cities and regions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Saint-Denis, France: URBACT II Programme, 2015
Series
URBACT II
Keywords
Green growth, urban transformation, economic transitions
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-123212 (URN)
Note

This publication is part of a bigger capitalisation initiative set by the URBACT programme for 2014–2015 with the objective to present to Europe’ s cities existing urban knowledge and good practices.

Available from: 2015-12-07 Created: 2015-12-07 Last updated: 2015-12-16Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-7131-7353

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