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Scarpa, S., Schierup, C.-U. & Dahlstedt, M. (2019). Is migration bad for welfare?: Reconfigurations of welfare, labour and citizenship in Sweden. In: Sven Trygged & Erica Righard (Ed.), Inequalitities and Migration: Challenges for the Swedish Welfare State (pp. 31-52). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Is migration bad for welfare?: Reconfigurations of welfare, labour and citizenship in Sweden
2019 (Swedish)In: Inequalitities and Migration: Challenges for the Swedish Welfare State / [ed] Sven Trygged & Erica Righard, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, p. 31-52Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

The aim of this chapter is to challenge an axiomatic assumption made in current public debates, namely that the sustainability of the welfare state in an age of globalization requires the imposition of limits on immigration. With a particular focus on Sweden and recent changes of Swedish welfare policy, the chapter shows how the current crisis of the Swedish welfare model has in fact haunted this model for decades. The argument presented is that the socially-integrative capacities of the Swedish model had been compromised well before the start of the post-2015 refugee crisis in Europe. The argument made is that it was not the scale of immigration that made the Swedish welfare state unsustainable. Rather, it is the austerity-driven retrenchment of the Swedish welfare state that, in the past quarter of a century, has steadily undermined the capacity of the welfare model to offer emancipatory and non-discriminatory pathways of incorporation to immigrants. With the neoliberal reforms implemented since the early 1990s, the current reality in Sweden is that of deepening, and increasingly ethnically tinged, class divisions and long-term social exclusion of sizeable population groups from substantial citizenship rights.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019
Keywords
migration, välfärdsstat, nyliberalism, rasism, xenofobi, arbetsmarknad, socialpolitik, flyktingpolitik, asyl
National Category
Work Sciences International Migration and Ethnic Relations Economic History Social Work Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Globalisation Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-154334 (URN)978-91-44-11694-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-02-05 Created: 2019-02-05 Last updated: 2019-02-12Bibliographically approved
Schierup, C.-U. & Scarpa, S. (2018). Migration - ett hot mot välfärden? (1ed.). In: Aleksandra Ålund, Carl-Ulrik Schierup och Anders Neergaard (Ed.), Nation i ombildning: Essäer om 2000-talets Sverige (pp. 31-78). Stockholm: Boréa Bokförlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Migration - ett hot mot välfärden?
2018 (Swedish)In: Nation i ombildning: Essäer om 2000-talets Sverige / [ed] Aleksandra Ålund, Carl-Ulrik Schierup och Anders Neergaard, Stockholm: Boréa Bokförlag, 2018, 1, p. 31-78Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Den svenska samhällsekonomiska modellensupplösning under 2000-talet har följts av en djup politisk kris. Det är enkris som har tagits till intäkt för den upprepade berättelsen om liberalt präglad invandrings- och mångfaldspolitik som misslyckat experiment. Författarna ifrågasätter denna berättelse genom attvända på argumentet om det negativa förhållandet mellan migrationoch välfärdsstatlig solidaritet. De hävdar således att det främst är deneuropeiska och svenska åtstramningspolitiken som sedan tidigt 90-talhar undergrävt samhällets socialpolitiska integrationspotential, skapat fördjupade etniskt präglade klasskillnader, permanentat social exkluderingav stora befolkningsgrupper från sociala och medborgerliga rättigheter,samt i sin konsekvens medfört bristande solidaritet kring välfärdsstatens institutioner.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Boréa Bokförlag, 2018 Edition: 1
Keywords
svenska modellen, social transformation, social exkludering, rasism, migration, välfärd, nyliberalism, migrationspolitik, integration, arbetsmarknad, populism, prekaritet
National Category
Social Sciences Work Sciences International Migration and Ethnic Relations Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Economic History Social Work Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Globalisation Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-153139 (URN)9789189140950 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-11-30 Created: 2018-11-30 Last updated: 2018-12-14Bibliographically approved
Schierup, C.-U. & Scarpa, S. (2018). Modelo en desorden: Estado de bienestar, dogmatismode austeridad y cambio radical en las políticasde migración suecas. Migración y Desarollo, 16(31), 71-104
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Modelo en desorden: Estado de bienestar, dogmatismode austeridad y cambio radical en las políticasde migración suecas
2018 (Spanish)In: Migración y Desarollo, ISSN 1870-7599, Vol. 16, no 31, p. 71-104Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The winds of xenophobia hovering over Europe have swept the moral politicalfoundations of an inclusive Swedish migration policy into the dustbin of history and twistedan enlightened left-right consensus on an open and humanitarian asylum policy into its mirroropposite. Lured by advances of the extreme right the main political parties have, since2015, come to indiscriminately embrace the view that immigration, etno-cultural diversityand an open-door refugee policy is detrimental to welfare and, in consequence, curbing migrationhas become the all dominant political strategem in vying for votes. The authorschallenge this widely accepted narrative by arguing that the sustainability of the Swedishwelfare state has not been undermined by migration but by consecutive Swedish governments'unbending adherence to austerity politics since the beginning of the 1990s. Austeritypolitics have, step by step, weakened the Swedish Model's socially integrative functions andprevented the implementation of an ambitious agenda, harvesting a potentially dynamic interplayof expansionary economic and social policies and a humanitarian asylum policy.

Abstract [es]

La sombra de xenofobia que se cierne sobre Europa ha arrojado al cubo de basuralos fundamentos morales de una política inclusiva de migración en Suecia y ha tergiversadoun consenso de izquierda y derecha sobre una política de asilo abierta y humanitaria hacia suextremo opuesto. Desde el 2015, atraídos por los avances de la extrema derecha, los principalespartidos políticos han aceptado indistintamente que la inmigración, la diversidad etnoculturaly la política de puertas abiertas para refugiados van en perjuicio del Estado de bienestar y, comoconsecuencia, frenar la migración se ha convertido en la estratagema política dominante parala obtención de votos. Los autores desafían esta narrativa ampliamente aceptada al argumentarque la sostenibilidad del Estado de bienestar en Suecia no ha sido socavada a causa de lamigración sino a la firme adherencia hacia políticas de austeridad por consecutivas gubernaturassuecas desde comienzos de los 1990. Las políticas de austeridad han debilitado, poco apoco, las funciones socialmente integradoras del Modelo Sueco y han impedido la implementaciónde una agenda ambiciosa que reúna una interacción potencialmente dinámica de políticaseconómicas y sociales expansionistas, así como una política de asilo humanitaria.Palabras clave: Modelo Sueco, Estado de bienestar, políticas migratorias, solidaridad social.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Zacatezas, Mexico: Red Internacional de MIgracion y Desarrollo, 2018
Keywords
Swedish Model, welfare state, migration policies, social solidarity, Modelo Sueco, Estado de bienestar, políticas migratorias, solidaridad social
National Category
Work Sciences International Migration and Ethnic Relations Social Work Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-156259 (URN)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2006-1524
Available from: 2019-04-09 Created: 2019-04-09 Last updated: 2019-04-16Bibliographically approved
Scarpa, S. & Schierup, C.-U. (2018). Who Undermines the Welfare State? Austerity-Dogmatism and the U-Turn in Swedish Asylum Policy. Social Inclusion, 6(1), 199-207
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Who Undermines the Welfare State? Austerity-Dogmatism and the U-Turn in Swedish Asylum Policy
2018 (English)In: Social Inclusion, ISSN 2183-2803, E-ISSN 2183-2803, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 199-207Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Within the EU, the so-called “refugee crisis” has been predominantly dealt with as an ill-timed and untenable financial burden. Since the 2007-08 financial crisis, the overarching objective of policy initiatives by EU-governments has been to keep public expenditure firmly under control. Thus, Sweden’s decision to grant permanent residence to all Syrians seeking asylum in 2013 seemed to represent a paradigmatic exception, pointing to the possibility of combining a humanitarian approach in the “long summer of migration” with generous welfare provisions. At the end of 2015, however, Sweden reversed its asylum policy, reducing its intake of refugees to the EU-mandated minimum. The main political parties embraced the mainstream view that an open-door refugee policy is not only detrimental to the welfare state, but could possibly trigger a “system breakdown”. In this article, we challenge this widely accepted narrative by arguing that the sustainability of the Swedish welfare state has not been undermined by refugee migration but rather by the Swedish government’s unbending adherence to austerity politics. Austerity politics have weakened the Swedish welfare state’s socially integrative functions and prevented the implementation of a more ambitious growth agenda, harvesting a potentially dynamic interplay of expansionary economic policies and a humanitarian asylum policy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lisbon, Portugal: Cogitatio Press, 2018
Keywords
Austerity, Asylum Policy, Sweden, Consolidation State
National Category
Social Work Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) International Migration and Ethnic Relations
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-145384 (URN)10.17645/si.v6i1.1285 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-02-27 Created: 2018-02-27 Last updated: 2018-04-05Bibliographically approved
Scarpa, S. (2016). Looking beyond the neighbourhood: income inequality and residential segregation in Swedish metropolitan areas, 1991–2010. Urban geography, 37(7), 963-984
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Looking beyond the neighbourhood: income inequality and residential segregation in Swedish metropolitan areas, 1991–2010
2016 (English)In: Urban geography, ISSN 0272-3638, E-ISSN 1938-2847, Vol. 37, no 7, p. 963-984Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In recent years, residential segregation has become a major issue in the Swedish policy debate. The prevailing view is that residential segregation is a crucial contributing factor to the development of income inequality, since individual income prospects are thought to be influenced by the population characteristics of their neighbourhoods. This study takes the opposite approach and analyses the extent to which, in the period 1991–2010, rising income inequality contributed to the development of residential segregation by income in Swedish metropolitan areas. The period was characterized by unprecedented growth in income inequality, which was associated with a decline in the redistributive power of the welfare state. Residential segregation by income mirrored locally the general trend in income inequality. Another factor was the change in income dispersion in neighbourhoods, relative to the metropolitan areas as a whole, which indicates a tendency towards increased population homogeneity in neighbourhoods with respect to income.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis Group, 2016
Keywords
Residential Segregation Sweden Income Inequality Welfare State Retrenchment
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Economic Geography Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-124604 (URN)10.1080/02723638.2015.1123448 (DOI)000387145800002 ()
Available from: 2016-02-05 Created: 2016-02-05 Last updated: 2017-10-17
Scarpa, S. (2016). The local welfare system as a scale question. In: Alexandru Panican and Håkan Johansson (Ed.), Combating poverty in local welfare systems – active inclusion strategies in European cities: (pp. 29-51). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The local welfare system as a scale question
2016 (English)In: Combating poverty in local welfare systems – active inclusion strategies in European cities / [ed] Alexandru Panican and Håkan Johansson, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, p. 29-51Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016
Keywords
Local welfare, State rescaling, Decentralization
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-141973 (URN)978-1-137-53190-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-10-16 Created: 2017-10-16 Last updated: 2017-10-20Bibliographically approved
Scarpa, S. (2015). The impact of income inequality on economic residential segregation: The case of Malmo, 1991-2010. Urban Studies, 52(5), 906-922
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The impact of income inequality on economic residential segregation: The case of Malmo, 1991-2010
2015 (English)In: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 52, no 5, p. 906-922Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

As in other Western countries, in Sweden there is a widespread conviction that residential segregation influences the opportunities for residents social mobility and therefore is a cause of income inequality. But the opposite direction of causality, from income inequality to residential segregation, is often ignored. The paper fills this gap and analyses income inequality and economic residential segregation developments in Malmo in the years 1991-2010. During this period, changes in population composition owing to increased immigration had a negligible impact on income inequality, while the latter was primarily influenced by changes in the distribution of labour market earnings and capital incomes. At the same time, neighbourhood income inequality was predominantly driven by overall household income inequality and only to a much lower extent by the increase in residential sorting by income. Policy influencing income distribution rather than area-based strategies should thus be at the centre of current debates on residential segregation in Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE Publications (UK and US), 2015
Keywords
income inequality; neighbourhood; residential segregation; Sweden; welfare state retrenchment
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-115310 (URN)10.1177/0042098014529347 (DOI)000349452700006 ()
Available from: 2015-03-13 Created: 2015-03-13 Last updated: 2017-10-17
Scarpa, S. (2015). The Rescaling of Immigration and the Creation of “Areas of Outsiderness” in Sweden. The Case of Landskrona. Sociologica, 2, 1-23
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Rescaling of Immigration and the Creation of “Areas of Outsiderness” in Sweden. The Case of Landskrona
2015 (English)In: Sociologica, ISSN 1971-8853, Vol. 2, p. 1-23Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In Sweden, ethnic residential segregation has been a problem associated traditionally with the largest metropolitan areas of the country. In recent years, however, growing attention has been paid to the areas of immigrant concentration located outside the largest metropolitan areas. Landskrona is one of the most renowned Swedish municipalities, among those located outside the largest metropolitan areas, in which the recent growth of the immigrant population has led to high levels of ethnic residential segregation and, therefore, to the appearance of what Swedish policymakers define as “areas of outsiderness.” Whereas Swedish debates on ethnic residential segregation are dominated by attention to the social and ethnic composition of segregated neighbourhoods, this article focuses on how immigrant settlement patterns in Landskrona have been influenced primarily by immigration policy developments over time as well as by the downscaling of this city within the Swedish urban hierarchy. In recent decades, Landskrona has in fact gone from being an economically buoyant and socially balanced industrial city into a declining and polarized city which is struggling to find a new post-industrial identity. The growth of the immigrant population in Landskrona also has been encouraged by the general unravelling of the Swedish welfare state, which has been associated with an increase in regional imbalances in economic development as well as in housing availability and affordability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bologna: Societa Editrice Il Mulino, 2015
Keywords
Rescaling Immigration Sweden Segregation Discrimination Landskrona
National Category
Sociology Social Work Human Geography Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-123494 (URN)10.2383/81427 (DOI)
Available from: 2015-12-20 Created: 2015-12-20 Last updated: 2017-10-17Bibliographically approved
Scarpa, S. (2015). The Swedish Model during the International Financial Crisis: Institutional Resilience or Structural Change?. In: The European Social Model Adrift. Europe, Social Cohesion and the Economic Crisis: (pp. 107-126). Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Swedish Model during the International Financial Crisis: Institutional Resilience or Structural Change?
2015 (English)In: The European Social Model Adrift. Europe, Social Cohesion and the Economic Crisis, Routledge, 2015, p. 107-126Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2015
Keywords
Welfare, Sweden, Financial Crisis
National Category
Social Work Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-141976 (URN)9781472454454 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-10-16 Created: 2017-10-16 Last updated: 2017-11-09Bibliographically approved
Scarpa, S. (2015). The Swedish Model during the International Financial Crisis: Institutional Resilience or Structural Change?. In: Serena Romano and Gabriella Punziano (Ed.), The European Social Model Adrift: Europe, Social Cohesion and the Economic Crisis (pp. 107-125). Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Swedish Model during the International Financial Crisis: Institutional Resilience or Structural Change?
2015 (English)In: The European Social Model Adrift: Europe, Social Cohesion and the Economic Crisis / [ed] Serena Romano and Gabriella Punziano, Routledge, 2015, p. 107-125Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The chapter is structured as follows. The second section addresses the first of the two research questions and provides a brief and by no means exhaustive description of welfare state developments under the period in question. In particular, the focus is on the reforms of the Swedish income maintenance system, on both the tax and benefit sides, and on whether the implementation of these reforms produced new patterns of inequality between those who benefited and those who did not. The third section seeks to identify the rationale behind the policy-making process and to examine the motives that drove the reforms. Thereby, the attention is on the degree of consensus on the policy goals between the different political actors as well as between political and non-political actors. The fourth section illustrates the case study of Stockholm Metropolitan Area and examines the impact of welfare reforms on income differences between different groups (defined by employment status and ethnic background) and between neighbor hoods with different population composition. The fifth and last section reviews the main conclusions and attempts to answer the question that titles this chapter.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2015
Keywords
Sweden, Global Financial Crisis, Welfare State, Retrenchment
National Category
Sociology Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-142032 (URN)9781472454454 (ISBN)9781315616377 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-10-18 Created: 2017-10-18 Last updated: 2017-11-15Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-8532-1019

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