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Wiréhn, L. (2024). From relevant to usable: Swedish agricultural extension officers’ perspectives on climate change projections. Climate Services, 33, Article ID 100441.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From relevant to usable: Swedish agricultural extension officers’ perspectives on climate change projections
2024 (English)In: Climate Services, E-ISSN 2405-8807, Vol. 33, article id 100441Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates the potential relevance, usefulness, and usability of climate change projections for Swedish agricultural planning and management. Although research indicates the importance of specific users acting as knowledge brokers for climate information, there are knowledge gaps concerning agricultural extension officers’ use of climate information. Through a survey and stakeholder workshops, perspectives of Swedish agricultural extension officers on climate change projections were collected. The results provide insights into “what” information in climate change projections that is relevant and “how” climate information may be presented and used. Based on the analysis of the workshop dialogues, four themes outlining the “what” and “how” were identified: (i) a need for additional climate indicators for Swedish agriculture, (ii) the criticalness of temporal precision, (iii) trade-offs between providing precision and an overview, and (iv) a relevance – usability contradiction. These results inform the basis for ongoing research and practical applications focused on agriculturally tailored climate information, as well as the broader development of climate service methodology. The study reveals a latent demand for climate change projections among respondents, indicating a perceived relevance of information on future climates, but limited current use and usability among agricultural extension officers. The requisite for tailored climate indicators is clear – in this case, for Swedish agricultural planning and management – but critical usability challenges need to be addressed to move from providing relevant information to achieving actual usage that can enhance the climate resilience in Swedish agriculture.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER, 2024
Keywords
Climate information; Climate services; Climate change scenarios; Climate impact drivers; Co-creation
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Climate Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-199935 (URN)10.1016/j.cliser.2023.100441 (DOI)001152385200001 ()
Projects
Nästa generations beslutsstöd för klimatanpassning i svenskt jordbruk och skogsbruk – Att överbrygga klyftan mellan klimatvetenskap, anpassningsrelaterad forskning och tillämpning av klimatanpassning. FORMAS Grant No. 2019-01560
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2019-01560
Note

Funding: Swedish Research Council FORMAS [2019-01560]

Available from: 2024-01-08 Created: 2024-01-08 Last updated: 2024-02-23
Eliasson, K., Wiréhn, L., Neset, T.-S. & Linnér, B.-O. (2022). Transformations towards sustainable food systems: contrasting Swedish practitioner perspectives with the European Commission’s Farm to Fork Strategy. Sustainability Science, 17, 2411-2425
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Transformations towards sustainable food systems: contrasting Swedish practitioner perspectives with the European Commission’s Farm to Fork Strategy
2022 (English)In: Sustainability Science, ISSN 1862-4065, E-ISSN 1862-4057, Vol. 17, p. 2411-2425Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study explores features of food system transformations towards sustainability in the Farm to Fork Strategy in relation toperspectives of Swedish food system practitioners. Transformations towards sustainable food systems are essential to achievethe United Nations’ 2030 Agenda and the need for more sustainable food systems has been recognised in the European GreenDeal and its Farm to Fork Strategy. The Swedish ambition to act as a global leader in achieving the 2030 Agenda and theEuropean Commission’s aspiration for Europe to lead global food system transformations offer a critical opportunity to studytransformational processes and agents of change in a high-income region with externalised environmental and sustainabilityimpacts. Drawing on theories of complex systems transformations, this study identifies features of food system transformations,exploring places to intervene and examines the roles, responsibilities, and agency related to these changes. The resultsof this study provide three main conclusions highlighting (i) alignment of high-level policy and the perspectives of nationalpractitioners at the paradigm level, especially concerning how food is valued, which is a crucial first step for transformationalprocesses to come about (ii) a lack of clarity as well as diversity of pathways to transform food systems although commonobjectives are expressed, and (iii) governance mechanisms as enablers for a diversity of transformations. Moreover, theseprocesses must acknowledge the contextual and complex nature of food systems and the level of agency and power of actors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tokyo, Japan: Springer, 2022
Keywords
Food policy, Europe, Leverage points, Complex systems, Food production and consumption, Transformational leadership
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-186436 (URN)10.1007/s11625-022-01174-3 (DOI)000815454100001 ()
Note

Funding: Linkoping University - MISTRA-The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research

Available from: 2022-06-24 Created: 2022-06-24 Last updated: 2023-09-15Bibliographically approved
Wiréhn, L. (2021). Climate indices for the tailoring of climate information: a systematic literature review of Swedish forestry and agriculture. Climate Risk Management, 34, Article ID 100370.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Climate indices for the tailoring of climate information: a systematic literature review of Swedish forestry and agriculture
2021 (English)In: Climate Risk Management, E-ISSN 2212-0963, Vol. 34, article id 100370Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Climate information is an important support for national adaptation plan processes, but there is at the same time a general desire that climate information should be more relevant and appropriate in relation to decision-making contexts. An initial step in such a development towards tailored climate information would be to understand the currently available climate indices, their defi-nitions and contexts. This study systematically reviews the scientific literature on climate indices and factors related to  specific climate impacts, and  in  this  way identifies currently available climate indices for Swedish forestry and agriculture. The identified indices are analysed relative to climate change impact categories from the vulnerability assessments and adaptation plans set out by the Swedish Forest Agency and the Swedish Board of Agriculture, to indicate development potentials and research gaps in climate indices. The review identifies 79 definitions of climate indices for forestry and 63 indices for agriculture in Sweden. The reviewed literature has employed or developed climate indices for only 11 of the 25 types of climate impact emphasised as important by the two sectoral authorities. Most of the climate indices identified have been adopted for use in modelling forest growth or crop growth and productivity. The results of the review found indices lacking for a substantial number of impacts that are relevant for Swedish forestry and agriculture. The study shows that scientific literature on climate indices to a very limited degree addresses the specific tailoring of climate indices. Potential reasons for the lack of climate indices are discussed, and the study suggests that there is a need to continue climate model development such that the models better represent relevant processes, to advance research on the co-design of indices together with sectoral stakeholders, and to enhance collaboration between adaptation, impact modelling and climatology research. The results of this study may be used in future research to analyse if and how the identified climate indices can be actionable for different stakeholders, and as a foundation to examine the demands and feasibilities of developing new tailored climate indices.   

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER, 2021
Keywords
Climate indices, Climate change adaptation, Co-design, Climate services, Tailoring information
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Climate Research Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-180210 (URN)10.1016/j.crm.2021.100370 (DOI)000710062600001 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2019-01560
Note

Funding: Swedish Research Council FORMASSwedish Research CouncilSwedish Research Council Formas [2019-01560]

Available from: 2021-10-12 Created: 2021-10-12 Last updated: 2021-11-08
Sköld Gustafsson, V., Hjerpe, M., Wiréhn, L., Andersson Granberg, T., Pilemalm, S. & Waldemarsson, M. (2021). Multipla naturhändelser i Sverige. Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Multipla naturhändelser i Sverige
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2021 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Denna rapport syftar till att (i) redogöra för begreppet ’multipla naturhändelser’ och kunskapsläget kring interaktioner mellan olika naturhändelser, samt att (ii) fastställa vilka naturhändelser som är mest relevanta med hänsyn till beredskap och förmåga innanför Sveriges territoriala gränser. Översiktligt diskuteras dessutom förutsättningar för och behov av hantering av multipla naturhändelser. Rapporten innehåller en sammanställning av hur naturhändelser interagerar med varandra i vetenskaplig litteratur, en sammanställning av förekomst av naturhändelser i Sverige utifrån sekundärdata från myndigheter och en workshop med experter för att identifiera multipla naturhändelser med relevans för svenska förhållanden. Rapporten presenterar resultat från en första delstudie inom forskningsprojektet Effektiv hantering av multipla naturhändelser (EMMUNE), som finansieras av Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap (MSB) och Formas. 

Naturhändelser kan vara multipla på olika sätt. En primär naturhändelse kan direkt utlösa en eller flera andra naturhändelser. De sekundära händelserna kan sedan i sin tur orsaka ytterligare händelser, vilket skapar en kaskad av händelser. En naturhändelse kan också öka sannolikheten eller förutsättningen för en eller flera andra naturhändelser, exempelvis genom höga flöden eller långvarig torka. Det kan också inträffa flera naturhändelser som sammanfaller i tid och rum utan att händelserna är direkt relaterade till varandra. 

I rapporten redogörs för interaktioner mellan följande naturhändelser: jordbävning; tsunami; geofysiska jordrörelser och hydrologiska skred, ras och sättningar; vulkanutbrott; blixtnedslag; extremt höga respektive låga temperaturer; isstormar; översvämningar; torka; laviner; skogs- och markbränder; skadedjursangrepp; meteoriter; och geomagnetisk storm. En bedömning görs också av vilka naturhändelser som kan anses vara mest relevanta för Sverige i relation till vårt klimat och väder. Bedömningen grundar sig i litteraturstudien och det genomgångna materialet kring förekomst och magnitud och leder fram till att följande naturhändelser anses relevanta: laviner; kraftig vind; kraftig nederbörd; extrema temperaturer; blixturladdningar; översvämningar; ras och sättningar; torka; samt skog- och markbränder. De påverkas alla antingen direkt eller indirekt av klimategenskaper eller väderhändelser. Kunskapen om klimatförändringarnas påverkan på förekomsten av extrema väderförhållanden är varierande och innefattar olika grader av osäkerheter beroende av vilken typ av extremt förhållande det handlar om. I Sverige innefattar eller drivs multipla naturhändelser oftast av atmosfäriska eller hydrologiska händelser. De multipla naturhändelser som av experterna anses vara mest frekventa samt får allvarliga konsekvenser inkluderar antingen höga flöden eller skogsbrand i kombination med annan händelse. 

När det gäller kunskapsläget kring multipla naturhändelser visar litteraturstudien att det finns vetenskapligt stöd för en mängd olika interaktioner mellan naturhändelser. Experterna som deltog i vår workshop beskriver också att vissa naturhändelser, som exempelvis kustöversvämningar, oftast uppstår vid ”multipla” väderfenomen och att det finns många potentiella multipla interaktioner både kopplade till ett utgångsläge med långvarig torka och värme eller höga flöden i vattendrag. Sammantaget talar detta för att naturhändelser behöver betraktas mer utifrån ett multipelt perspektiv. Naturhändelser sker inte bara isolerat utan kan påverkas av eller påverka andra naturhändelsers förlopp, antingen genom ett direkt utlösande eller genom förändring av miljön som ökar sannolikheten för andra naturhändelser. I såväl forskning om naturhändelser och klimatförändringar som i forskning om hantering av naturhändelser har händelserna hittills främst betraktats en och en. 

Det genomgångna materialet indikerar inte att Sverige kommer att drabbas av några nya företeelser på nationell nivå, däremot är det troligt att frekvensen och magnituden för vissa av naturhändelserna kommer att öka i ett förändrat klimat. Det kan även finnas anledning att inkludera biologiska naturhändelser, såsom det gjordes i exempelvis MSB:s sammanställning av riskområden och scenarioanalyser (MSB 2015). 

För att öka medvetenheten om multipla naturhändelser beskrivs tre scenarier för multipla naturhändelser, 1. en situation med höga flöden i vattendrag där det oväntat inträffar ett kraftigt regn, 2. en situation med en torr sommar där det inträffar en värmebölja, och 3. en relativ nederbördsfattning senvinter och varm april med låg markfuktigheten där det uppstår en skogsbrand. Ett lågtryck drar sedan in som ger mycket kraftiga vindar varvid skogsbranden intensifieras och sprids. 

Redan när det gäller förekomst och omfattning av enskilda atmosfäriska eller hydrologiska händelser är det stora osäkerheter i befintliga prognoser och klimatförändringsprojektioner, även om det sannolikt kommer bli både starkare och mer frekvent förekomst av väderfenomen framgent. Att prognostisera och simulera multipla naturhändelser innefattar därmed ännu större osäkerheter. Beredskapen att hantera multipla naturhändelser kan gynnas av ett fortsatt fokus på konsekvensbaserade vädervarningssystem. Exempelvis att vid en period med höga flöden i vattendrag kunna informera att om detta fortsätter ökar risken för sekundära händelser exempelvis skred. Multipla naturhändelsers hantering skulle kunna underlättas genom att tillhandahålla information baserad på förutsättningar för olika naturhändelser på specifika platser, detta för att bedöma risken för sekundära naturhändelser under givna förutsättningar samt de möjliga konsekvenserna av multipla naturhändelser för en specifik plats. Det är därför viktigt att för de tänkta målgrupperna öka förmågan att kunna tolka sådan information och vädervarningar samt att målgrupperna i förväg haft möjlighet kartlägga tänkbara konsekvenser för olika naturhändelser så att behovet av insatser snabbare kan bedömas när en händelse inträffar.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2021. p. 57
Series
CARER Report ; 2021:36
Keywords
multipla naturhändelser; interaktioner mellan olika naturhändelser; primära och sekundära naturhändelser;
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-175374 (URN)9789179296377 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Civil Contingencies AgencySwedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2021-04-29 Created: 2021-04-29 Last updated: 2022-12-05Bibliographically approved
Käyhkö, J., Wiréhn, L., Juhola, S. & Schmid Neset, T.-S. (2020). Integrated framework for identifying transformative adaptation in agri-food systems. Environmental Science and Policy, 114, 580-586
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Integrated framework for identifying transformative adaptation in agri-food systems
2020 (English)In: Environmental Science and Policy, ISSN 1462-9011, E-ISSN 1873-6416, Vol. 114, p. 580-586Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Climate change adaptation measures and practices may induce fundamental changes i.e. transformations in socio-ecological systems. Adaptation that intentionally aims for transformation is often intended to increase benefits and synergies with other broader societal development goals such as sustainability. Adaptation measures also have possible unintended negative effects that, in the case of system transformations, may be difficult to reverse. This study seeks to identify characteristic features of the adaptation processes that may result in agri-food system transformations. We introduce an integrated framework to identify these features and ‘adaptation activity spaces’, and apply this framework to the Nordic context, analysing stakeholder interviews that integrated serious gaming. The results show how transformations may result from adaptation measures targeted towards climate risks with an objective of changing either current practices or surrounding supportive structures. This study addresses reasons why transformative adaptation is not occurring in Nordic agri-food systems and presents novel information that may contribute to policymaking and further research needs on transformations in relation to adaptation decision-making.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020
Keywords
Climate change adaptation, Agriculture, Transformation, Adaptation measures
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-170836 (URN)10.1016/j.envsci.2020.10.002 (DOI)000591437100006 ()
Note

Funding agencies: Swedish Research Council FORMASSwedish Research CouncilSwedish Research Council Formas [2013-1557]

Available from: 2020-10-26 Created: 2020-10-26 Last updated: 2020-12-28Bibliographically approved
Navarra, C., Eliasson, K., Karjalainen, J., Wiréhn, L., Cooper, M. & Schmid Neset, T.-S. (2020). ResFlow: Visualizing Global Resource Flows. In: : . Paper presented at EuroVis 2020, Norrköping, Sweden, May 25-29, 2020.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>ResFlow: Visualizing Global Resource Flows
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2020 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Global resource flows and indicators for emerging challenges relevant to the realization of sustainable development goals are of high interest for research on sustainable development and geopolitics. Such complex sets of information require advanced methodological approaches that enable effective communication of data and participatory data exploration. To address this need, we present ResFlow, an interactive web-based application for the visualization and exploration of flow data, in particular for analysing resource flows between countries. ResFlow visualizes resource flows to and from countries using 3D arcs and provides tailored interaction and filtering techniques to facilitate flexible exploration of the data at hand.

Keywords
Human-centered computing, Geographic visualization
National Category
Media and Communication Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-175645 (URN)10.2312/eurp.20201116 (DOI)
Conference
EuroVis 2020, Norrköping, Sweden, May 25-29, 2020
Available from: 2021-05-12 Created: 2021-05-12 Last updated: 2021-05-19
Schmid Neset, T.-S., Juhola, S., Wiréhn, L., Käyhkö, J., Navarra, C., Asplund, T., . . . Linnér, B.-O. (2020). Supporting dialogue and analysis on trade-offs in climate adaptation research with the Maladaptation Game. Journal Simulation & Gaming, 51(3)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Supporting dialogue and analysis on trade-offs in climate adaptation research with the Maladaptation Game
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2020 (English)In: Journal Simulation & Gaming, ISSN 1046-8781, E-ISSN 1552-826X, Vol. 51, no 3Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background. Serious games are gaining increasing prominence in environmental communication research, but their potential to form an integrated part of participatory research approaches is still strikingly understudied. This is particularly the case for applications of interactive digital formats in research on environmental challenges of high complexity, such as climate adaptation, which is a specifically suitable case as it involves complex interaction between climate systems and society, but where the response also involves trade-offs with potentially negative – maladaptive – outcomes.

Intervention. This article presents the Maladaptation Game, which was designed to facilitate dialogue about potential negative outcomes of agricultural climate adaptation.

Methods. We conducted test sessions with agricultural stakeholders in Finland and Sweden, and analysed quantitative and qualitative, audio-recorded and transcribed, material for opportunities and challenges related to dialogues, engagement, interactivity and experienced relevance.

Results. The qualitative analysis of recorded dialogues shows that the Maladaptation Game has potential to support dialogue by challenging players to negotiate between options with negative outcomes. The gameplay itself presents opportunities in terms of creating engagement with options that provoke disagreement and debates between players, as well as interactivity, that players reflected upon as quick and easy, while challenges were related to the experienced relevance, in particular the options provided in the game, and its general framing.

Conclusions. The results indicate a need for complementary approaches to this type of game but also suggest the importance of moderation when the game design is aimed at creating dialogue around a complex environmental challenge such as agricultural climate adaptation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2020
Keywords
climate adaptation, climate change, decision-making, Nordic agriculture, serious gaming
National Category
Environmental Sciences Climate Research Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-166154 (URN)10.1177/1046878120904393 (DOI)000516896800001 ()2-s2.0-85081564877 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2013-1557
Available from: 2020-06-08 Created: 2020-06-08 Last updated: 2021-03-16Bibliographically approved
Asplund, T., Schmid Neset, T.-S., Käyhkö, J., Wiréhn, L. & Juhola, S. (2019). Benefits and challenges of serious gaming – the case of “The Maladaptation Game”. Open Agriculture (4), 107-117
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Benefits and challenges of serious gaming – the case of “The Maladaptation Game”
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2019 (English)In: Open Agriculture, ISSN 2391-9531, no 4, p. 107-117Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The use of digital tools and interactive technologies for farming systems has increased rapidly in recent years and is likely to continue to play a significant role in meeting future challenges. Particularly games and gaming are promising new and innovative communication strategies to inform and engage public and stakeholders with scientific research. This study offers an analysis of how a research based game on climate change maladaptation can support, but also hinder players’ sense-making processes. Through the analysis of eight gaming workshops, this study identifies challenges and support for the players’ sense-making. While it concludes that conceptual thinking of game content sometimes clashes with players’ everyday experiences and practice, possibly resulting in loss of credibility, this study also concludes that gaming may function as an eye-opener to new ways of thinking. Overall, this paper suggests that the communication of (social) science and agricultural practices through serious gaming has great potential but at the same time poses challenges due to different knowledge systems and interpretive frameworks among researchers and practitioners.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Warsaw, Poland: Walter de Gruyter, 2019
Keywords
climate change communication, maladaptation, serious gaming, focus groups, public understanding
National Category
Social Sciences Media and Communications
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-159944 (URN)10.1515/opag-2019-0010 (DOI)000463156300001 ()
Projects
Identifying thresholds for maladaptation in Nordic agriculture
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2013-8958-25780-61
Available from: 2019-08-29 Created: 2019-08-29 Last updated: 2020-03-25
Neset, T.-S., Wiréhn, L., Tomasz, O., Glaas, E. & Linnér, B.-O. (2019). Evaluation of indicators for agricultural vulnerability to climate change: The case of Swedish agriculture. Ecological Indicators, 105, 571-580
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluation of indicators for agricultural vulnerability to climate change: The case of Swedish agriculture
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2019 (English)In: Ecological Indicators, ISSN 1470-160X, E-ISSN 1872-7034, Vol. 105, p. 571-580Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Agriculture is often described as one of the sectors most vulnerable to future climate change, and its vulnerability is commonly assessed through quantitative indices. However, such indices differ significantly depending on their selected indicators, weighting mechanisms, and summarizing methods, often leading to divergent assessments of vulnerability for the same geographic area. The use of generic indicators might also lead to a loss of information about contextual risks and vulnerabilities. This may reduce the perceived usefulness of indices among stakeholders.

This study analyses the role of indicators in assessing agricultural vulnerability to climate change. It analyses how indices are understood and used through three separate focus group sessions, involving agricultural experts professionally active in south-eastern Sweden. The paper presents how agricultural practitioners perceive a set of common vulnerability indicators, presented through a visualization tool, and their relevance, logic, and applicability to assess and address vulnerability to climate change. The results of this study contribute with perspectives on (i) the relevance and applicability of the commonly used generic indicators for agricultural vulnerability (ii) the assumed correlation of indicators with climate vulnerability and (iii) the identification of missing vulnerability indicators. The study finds that commonly used vulnerability indicators are perceived hard to apply in practice, as definitions and thresholds are often depending on the geographical and temporal scale, as well as the regional context. Additional exposure factors that were identified included extreme events, such as heavy precipitation and external factors such as global food demand and trade-patterns. Further, participants expressed that it is important to include indices that combine effects of multiple climatic changes and in-direct factors, such as policies, regulations and measures. Inherent complexities, context dependencies, and multiple factors should further be included, but entail difficulties in developing suitable indicators. These factors must be addressed by a broader set of qualitative and quantitative indicators, and greater flexibility in the assessment methodology. The interactive vulnerability assessments presented in this paper indicate a need for an integration of quantitative and qualitative aspects and how such indicators could be developed and applied.

Keywords
Agriculture, Climate vulnerability, Geographic visualization, AgroExplore
National Category
Human Geography Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-149310 (URN)10.1016/j.ecolind.2018.05.042 (DOI)000490574200052 ()
Funder
NordForskSwedish Research Council Formas, 2013-1557
Note

Funding agencies: Norden Top-Level Research Initiative sub-programme Effect studies and adaptation to climate change; Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning - FORMASSwedish Research Council Formas [2013-1557]

Available from: 2018-06-28 Created: 2018-06-28 Last updated: 2019-10-31
Neset, T.-S., Wiréhn, L., Klein, N., Käyhköb, J. & Juhola, S. (2019). Maladaptation in Nordic agriculture. Climate Risk Management, 23, 78-87
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Maladaptation in Nordic agriculture
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2019 (English)In: Climate Risk Management, E-ISSN 2212-0963, Vol. 23, p. 78-87Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Climatic changes are expected to pose challenges to Nordic agriculture. While some changes may provide opportunities for higher productivity, others may severely increase agricultural vulnerability. Farmers attempt to adapt or cope with these changes by taking measures to decrease vulnerability or to take advantage of potential benefits, but little is known what outcomes these adaptation measures might have. This study identifies unintended negative impacts of adaptation measures, drawing on a literature review and interviews with farmers and agricultural officials and experts in Sweden and Finland. Based on the conceptual framework of maladaptation, this study identifies outcomes that either increase the vulnerability of the implementing actor, shift the vulnerability to other actors or sectors or affect common pool resources. While a large number of adaptation measures rebound vulnerability to the implementing actor, several potential maladaptive outcomes may shift vulnerability or affect common pool resources. The findings point to the large number of trade-offs that are involved in adaptation decision-making and lead to the conclusion that raising awareness of these aspects can support future adaptation strategies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Climate change adaptation, Negative consequences, Vulnerability, Farmers, Sweden, Finland
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-156143 (URN)10.1016/j.crm.2018.12.003 (DOI)000460938500008 ()2-s2.0-85058692452 (Scopus ID)
Available from: 2019-04-05 Created: 2019-04-05 Last updated: 2019-10-18Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-4014-1441

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