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Osman, Ayman
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Osman, A. (2017). Autophagy in Peripheral Neuropathy. (Doctoral dissertation). Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Autophagy in Peripheral Neuropathy
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Peripheral neuropathy includes a wide range of diseases affecting millions around the world, and many of these diseases have unknown etiology. Peripheral neuropathy in diabetes represents a large proportion of peripheral neuropathies. Nerve damage can also be caused by trauma. Peripheral neuropathies are a significant clinical problem and efficient treatments are largely lacking. In the case of a transected nerve, different methods have been used to repair or reconstruct the nerve, including the use of nerve conduits, but functional recovery is usually poor.

Autophagy, a cellular mechanism that recycles damaged proteins, is impaired in the brain in many neurodegenerative diseases affecting animals and humans. No research, however, has investigated the presence of autophagy in the human peripheral nervous system. In this study, I present the first structural evidence of autophagy in human peripheral nerves. I also show that the density of autophagy structures is higher in peripheral nerves of patients with chronic idiopathic axonal polyneuropathy (CIAP) and inflammatory neuropathy than in controls. The density of these structures increases with the severity of the neuropathy.

In animal model, using Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats with diabetes resembling human type 2 diabetes, activation of autophagy by local administration of rapamycin incorporated in collagen conduits that were used for reconnection of the transected sciatic nerve led to an increase in autophagy proteins LC3 and a decrease in p62 suggesting that the autophagic flux was activated. In addition, immunoreactivity of neurofilaments, which are parts of the cytoskeleton of axons, was increased indicating increased axonal regeneration. I also show that many proteins involved in axonal regeneration and cell survival were up-regulated by rapamycin in the injured sciatic nerve of GK rats four weeks after injury.

Taken together, these findings provide new knowledge about the involvement of autophagy in neuropathy and after peripheral nerve injury and reconstruction using collagen conduits.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2017. p. 54
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 1582
National Category
Neurosciences Cell and Molecular Biology Pharmacology and Toxicology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-142125 (URN)10.3384/diss.diva-142125 (DOI)9789176854723 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-10-31, Berzeliussalen, Campus US, Linköping, 12:09 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-10-23 Created: 2017-10-23 Last updated: 2019-10-28Bibliographically approved
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