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Brambila-Macias, SergioORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-6107-5020
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Publications (8 of 8) Show all publications
Brambila-Macias, S. & Sakao, T. (2019). Analysis and evaluation in the early stages of designing resource efficient offerings: A comparison among large companies and small and medium enterprises. In: Proceedings of the Design Society: International Conference on Engineering Design. Paper presented at 22nd International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED) 2019, Delft, The Netherlands, 05 - 08 August, 2019 (pp. 3161-3170). Cambridge University Press, 1
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Analysis and evaluation in the early stages of designing resource efficient offerings: A comparison among large companies and small and medium enterprises
2019 (English)In: Proceedings of the Design Society: International Conference on Engineering Design, Cambridge University Press, 2019, Vol. 1, p. 3161-3170Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In Europe there is a common vision to transform the economy into a sustainable one by 2050 which among other changes, calls for companies to address their offerings in a more resource-efficient manner. Therefore, efforts to provide design support namely, methods, guidelines and tools to specifically address natural resources and impact of products and services have been increasing. Moreover, companies of all sizes should integrate environmental concerns as early as possible to select profitable and environmentally sound offerings. However, knowledge of the analysis and evaluation of resourceefficient offerings seems currently insufficient especially with regards to similarities and differences among different company sizes. In this paper, the study of eight case companies: 3 large companies and 5 SMEs, shows how industry addresses the analysis and evaluation of their offerings. Commonalities among SMEs and large companies include decisions made by strategic or managerial boards, the use of mock-ups and project management skills, among others. These findings could help academics in providing relevant, useful and usable support to industry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press: , 2019
National Category
Engineering and Technology Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-161718 (URN)
Conference
22nd International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED) 2019, Delft, The Netherlands, 05 - 08 August, 2019
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research
Available from: 2019-11-07 Created: 2019-11-07 Last updated: 2019-11-15Bibliographically approved
Brambila-Macias, S. & Sakao, T. (2019). Methods and tools used in the Swedish manufacturing industry during the early stages of design. Linköping: Department of Engineering and Management, Linköping University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Methods and tools used in the Swedish manufacturing industry during the early stages of design
2019 (English)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

This report is a part of deliverables from theMistraREES1programme (www.mistrarees.se) work package (WP)2.1and 2.2 of Project 2 (the project concerning design). The objective of the report is to identify and describe methods and tools used as design support for REES in the Swedish manufacturing industry.

This report presents the results of an analysisto identify different methods and tools used during the early stages of design for REES in manufacturing companies in Sweden. The methods are classified in “as-is”and “to-be”stages. The as-ismethods are what are currently used, and the to-bemethods are what they would like to have in place in the future. The compilation of methods and tools also included other sources of information partly to corroborate results from interviews. These other sources included meeting minutes and internal reports, when available. Other sources are also included from two publications in the academic literature from López-Mesa & Bylund (2011)and Nilsson et al. (2018).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Department of Engineering and Management, Linköping University, 2019. p. 9
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-162901 (URN)LIU-IEI-RR--19/00308--SE (ISRN)
Available from: 2019-12-31 Created: 2019-12-31 Last updated: 2020-01-17Bibliographically approved
Brambila-Macias, S. (2018). Bridging the gap between engineering design and marketing: insights for research and practice in product/service system design. Design Science, 4
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bridging the gap between engineering design and marketing: insights for research and practice in product/service system design
2018 (English)In: Design Science, ISSN 2053-4701, Vol. 4Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Over the last decade, product/service systems (PSSs) have become a research issue in several disciplines, such as engineering design and marketing. The inherent interdisciplinary nature of this research issue has however remained unexploited. In order to bridge these silos and foster more interaction across relevant disciplines, this research examines PSSs from an interdisciplinary angle by analyzing how engineering design and marketing inform one another, as well as presents insights for PSS design. The research is carried out using a three-stage process for analyzing and evaluating interdisciplinary research: first, through a systematic literature review to identify relevant papers and their level of utilization across disciplines; second, by using a qualitative thematic analysis looking for different perspectives in order to find themes to bridge the gap between the disciplines; and third, by providing a research agenda to advance research by moving from silos to synergy. The results show a limited use of theories, frameworks, methods and tools across disciplines thus far, while the major contribution of this article lies in the implications derived for PSS design for academics and practitioners alike, which are categorized into seven specific themes: business orientation, collaboration, cost aspects, flexibility, performance indicators, requirements and services.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge University Press, 2018
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-152497 (URN)10.1017/dsj.2018.3 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-11-05 Created: 2018-11-05 Last updated: 2018-11-09
Brambila-Macias, S., Dahllöf, L., Eriksson, K. & Sakao, T. (2018). Development of an environmental evaluation tool in the transport sector and its impact on decision-making in the early stages of design. In: Enrico Benetto, Kilian Gericke, Mélanie Guiton (Ed.), Designing Sustainable Technologies, Products and Policies: From science to innovation. Paper presented at 8th Life Cycle Management Conference 2017, Luxembourg 3-6 sep 2017 (pp. 381-389).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Development of an environmental evaluation tool in the transport sector and its impact on decision-making in the early stages of design
2018 (English)In: Designing Sustainable Technologies, Products and Policies: From science to innovation / [ed] Enrico Benetto, Kilian Gericke, Mélanie Guiton, 2018, p. 381-389Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Due to government policies and regulations as well as customer and societal demands, organizations around the world are looking for ways to manage their economic, environmental and social sustainability. One of the most frequently used standards for organizations seeking to manage their environmental responsibilities is ISO 14001. This framework, however, is generic because it can be used by any organization irrespective of sector, activity or core values. Therefore, implementation of generic guidelines might result in the use of alternative tools that respond better to specific organizational needs and that provide outcomes that can be useful for decision-making. Through case study methodology, this paper shows how Volvo Group, a world-leading producer of transport solutions, developed an internal environmental evaluation tool called Environmental Screening (EnvS) to improve the environmental performance of its solutions.

National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-152498 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-66981-6_42 (DOI)978-3-319-66981-6 (ISBN)978-3-319-66980-9 (ISBN)
Conference
8th Life Cycle Management Conference 2017, Luxembourg 3-6 sep 2017
Available from: 2018-11-05 Created: 2018-11-05 Last updated: 2018-11-09
Brambila-Macias, S. (2018). Early stages of designing resource-efficient offerings: An initial view of their analysis and evaluation. (Licentiate dissertation). Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Early stages of designing resource-efficient offerings: An initial view of their analysis and evaluation
2018 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The increasing use of natural resources and the pollution it causes calls for new ways of addressing customer needs. Additionally, a more uncertain and complex world also presents new challenges. In this thesis, these new challenges are tackled through inter and transdisciplinary research, which require more interaction across disciplines to tackle complex phenomena.

The manner in which companies address customer needs starts from the designing (a multiplestakeholder perspective) of offerings where companies rely on different types of support (guidelines, standards, methods and tools). In this thesis, these offerings, include products, services, systems, and solutions. This plays an important role in the use of natural resources and its impact on the environment. In this Licentiate, I present results to show initial cues on how to design resource-efficient offerings, and more specifically their analysis and evaluation in the early stages of the design process. This type of offerings is suggested to be crucial for the circular economy, which can be understood as a paradigm shift towards sustainability. In this paradigm shift, designing is carried out by taking into account reuse, remanufacture and recycling of products as strategies by multiple stakeholders and companies. Other strategies include providing services, a function or a solution through dematerialization and transmaterialization.

The methods used in this research are narrative and systematic literature reviews, thematic analysis and a case study. The results show a lack of interdisciplinary research in the academic literature in subjects relevant to the design of resource-efficient offerings. The results also show a need to clarify what transdisciplinary research entails. Moreover, current practice shows that support used by companies needs to consider several factors for it to be useful, for example, the vision of the company, participation of potential users of the support and everyday operations, among other characteristics. Finally, more practical support coming from academia is necessary to improve its use in industry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2018. p. 55
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Licentiate Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1801
Keywords
Design, analysis, evaluation, ecodesign, product/service systems, resource-efficient offerings, circular economy, interdisciplinary research, transdisciplinary research
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-144371 (URN)10.3384/lic.diva-144371 (DOI)9789176853535 (ISBN)
Supervisors
Note

Information om opponent och seminarium saknas

Available from: 2018-01-17 Created: 2018-01-17 Last updated: 2019-10-12Bibliographically approved
Brambila-Macias, S., Sakao, T. & Lindahl, M. (2018). Requirements for REES design support: A survey among large companies and SMEs. Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Requirements for REES design support: A survey among large companies and SMEs
2018 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This report presents the results of a survey carried out during 2017-2018 among 11 different companies as part of the REES programme (www.mistrarees.se) work package (WP) 2.2 of Project 2 (the project concerning design in the programme). The objective of the survey was to identify the most important requirements for design support that is being developed for REES designers in the manufacturing industry. The survey comprises results from a total of 25 participants from 5 SMEs and 6 large companies, which included 8 participants from SMEs and 17 from large companies. This classification was made according to the EU commission (2015) definition of SMEs (< 250 employees and ≤ EUR 50 million in annual turnover). The results presented are divided into Section 1 where an overview of the survey and the method is presented and section 2 results, where consolidated data and comparison between large companies and SMES is provided.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2018. p. 16
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-154315 (URN)LIU-IEI-RR--18/00304--SE (ISRN)
Available from: 2019-02-04 Created: 2019-02-04 Last updated: 2019-02-12Bibliographically approved
Brambila-Macias, S. A., Nilsson, S., Widgren, M., Lindahl, M. & Sakao, T. (2017). State of the Art of Design Methods for Resource Efficient and Effective Solutions: Report from “Product and Service Design Methods for REES” Project of Mistra REES program. Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>State of the Art of Design Methods for Resource Efficient and Effective Solutions: Report from “Product and Service Design Methods for REES” Project of Mistra REES program
Show others...
2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This document reports on the results of work packages (WPs) 2.1 and 2.2 in Project 2 (Product and Service Design Methods for REES, i.e. resource efficient and effective solutions) of the Mistra REES program (www.mistrarees.se). WP 2.1 and WP 2.2 aim at documenting current use of design methods and deriving requirements for design methods, respectively. The document only covers results from the scientific literature review, while other reports to be developed will cover results, for instance, from the interview study and the design session with industry partners in the Mistra REES consortium. The results of the literature review will be a foundation for WP 2.3, which aims at developing new design methods. Note that methods here include frameworks, tools, and support for designers.

The document describes current use (i.e., “as‐is” status) of product and service design methods when designing REES, as well as requirements for product and service design methods for REES (i.e., information soon‐to‐be). Both of these are results of analysis in different phases of an early phase of design for REES. Those phases consist of requirement specification, conceptual design, and analysis and evaluation, which can be ordered temporally along the design process.

From the overall analysis, found is a lack of insights about methods for designing REES, although potentially useful methods are available. This means advancement of knowledge is insufficient for industry within the subject, which is relatively new. It may also mean the developed methods are not precisely according to the needs of companies. This shows a high potential of developing new methods in the rest of the project.

More specifically, in the requirement specification, the literature shows that potentially useful methods include QFD (Quality Function Deployment), the Taguchi method, the Kano model, and data mining, among others. In the conceptual design, numerous methods exist, and most of them were developed in an older context, where REES was not as relevant as today. Those methods include DfX methods (X denotes cost, assembly, etc.), the functional block diagram, the checklist, morphological analysis, and the Fishbone Diagram. Only a few seem to be used widely in industry today. In the analysis and evaluation, available methods include Lifecycle Simulation, Lifecycle Costing, multi‐criteria decision making, and the Analytical Hierarchy Process. Most of the methods or tools available specialise in one area. This is a problem when developing an integrated offering of products and services, because designers need to have a holistic perspective for that.

Regarding requirements for methods to be developed, the authors analysed literature as follows. In the requirement specification, requirements originating from multiple aspects and actors need to be taken into account. Since an enormous amount of data and information can be collected from products and by technologies implemented today, a huge opportunity is presented for enhancing requirement specification. Yet, there seems to be little insights to take this opportunity. In conceptual design, it is important to identify and involve relevant actors as well as their requirements according to a number of scientific reports. Especially, interaction between the relevant actors seems to be critical to be implemented. In analysis and evaluation, various pieces of earlier research works recommend different features to be implemented in methods. These features include visualization of information and information flows, graphical user interface, multiple users’ participation, and ability to handle environmental information, uncertainty and risk.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2017. p. 39
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-154277 (URN)LIU‐IEI‐RR‐‐17/00264—SE (ISRN)
Available from: 2019-01-31 Created: 2019-01-31 Last updated: 2019-02-14Bibliographically approved
Brambila-Macias, S. ., Nilsson, S., Widgren, M., Lindahl, M. & Sakao, T. (2017). Support for Designing Resource Efficient and Effective Solutions: Current Use and Requirements by Swedish Industry: Report from “Product and Service Design Support for REES” Project of Mistra REES program. Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Support for Designing Resource Efficient and Effective Solutions: Current Use and Requirements by Swedish Industry: Report from “Product and Service Design Support for REES” Project of Mistra REES program
Show others...
2017 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This document reports on the results of work packages (WPs) 2.1 and 2.2 in Project 2 (Product and Service Design Support for REES, i.e. resource efficient and effective solutions) of the Mistra REES program (www.mistrarees.se). WP 2.1 and WP 2.2 aim at documenting current use of design support and deriving requirements for design support, respectively. The document only covers results from interviews with companies, while the other reports will cover results, for instance, from scientific literature review (ISRN: LIU‐IEI‐RR‐‐17/00264—SE) and the design session with industry partners in the Mistra REES consortium. The results of this research into industrial practice will be a foundation for WP 2.3, which aims at developing new design support for designers.

The document describes current use (i.e., “as‐is” status) of product and service design support when designing REES, as well as requirements for product and service design support for REES (i.e., information soon‐to‐be). Both of these are results of analysis in different phases of an early phase of design for REES. Those phases consist of requirement specification, conceptual design, and analysis and evaluation, which can be ordered temporally along the design process.

Eight Sweden‐based companies that provide products and services in different sectors and work on resource efficiency participated in the interviews. They vary in terms of the size: from small to large. 24 individual interviews were conducted in total with the length being between 54 and 117 minutes (with two additional shorter follow up interviews via phone/skype). The 24 interviews were carried out all with face to face between May and July, 2016. The result from each company is described per section in this report, while cross‐company analysis will be made in a separate document.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2017. p. 40
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-154181 (URN)LIU‐IEI‐RR‐‐17/00281—SE (ISRN)
Available from: 2019-01-31 Created: 2019-01-31 Last updated: 2019-02-14Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-6107-5020

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