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Karabag, Solmaz FilizORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-3863-1073
Publications (10 of 28) Show all publications
Engzell, J., Karabag, S. F. & Yström, A. (2024). Academic intrapreneurs navigating multiple institutional logics: An integrative framework for understanding and supporting intrapreneurship in universities. Technovation, 129, Article ID 102892.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Academic intrapreneurs navigating multiple institutional logics: An integrative framework for understanding and supporting intrapreneurship in universities
2024 (English)In: Technovation, ISSN 0166-4972, E-ISSN 1879-2383, Technovation, ISSN 0166-4972, Vol. 129, article id 102892Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although several studies have extensively discussed the role of intrapreneurs, individuals’ experiences of intrapreneurial processes in the academic context remain largely unexplored. The prominence of intrapreneurial logic in academia has led to increased institutional complexity and highlighting the need for an improved understanding of how to navigate multiple logics present at individual, organizational, and field levels to attain the desired intrapreneurial outcomes. To address these challenges, we propose an integrative framework that captures both organizational and individual-level responses to these multiple logics, while also incorporating intrapreneurial logic. Upon analyzing data from nineteen intrapreneurs across three universities, this study reveals that universities actively uphold the academic logic that intrapreneurs identify as a barrier, compelling them to refine their skills and actively hybridize logics by integrating multiple specific elements of intrapreneurship, teaching, and research. Simultaneously, universities incorporate intrapreneurial logic into their operational processes, even combining multiple logics, which intrapreneurs leverage within their own activities to push their ideas forward. The study offers implications for intrapreneurship literature, academic management, and policymakers to more effectively foster intrapreneurial activities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2024
Keywords
Academic intrapreneurship, Institutional logic, Institutional complexity, Hybridization, Organizational response, Individual response, Qualitative research
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-199191 (URN)10.1016/j.technovation.2023.102892 (DOI)001102313400001 ()2-s2.0-85175482344 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2018-00321
Note

Funding: Forte [Forskningsradet om Halsa, Arbetsliv och Valfard];  [2018-00321]

Available from: 2023-11-15 Created: 2023-11-15 Last updated: 2023-12-21Bibliographically approved
Magnusson, T., Karabag, S. F., Wigger, K. & Andersson, G. (2024). Sustainability transitions in tourism: on the transformation of a fragmented sector. Tourism Geographies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainability transitions in tourism: on the transformation of a fragmented sector
2024 (English)In: Tourism Geographies, ISSN 1461-6688, E-ISSN 1470-1340, ISSN 1461-6688Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

This conceptual paper argues that there are unrealized benefits from a cross-fertilization between research on sustainable tourism and sustainability transitions studies. With the aim to stimulate such cross-fertilization, the paper identifies three contemporary streams in sustainability transitions studies that are particularly relevant for sustainable tourism: deep transitions, transitions in practice, and the geography of transitions. These three streams present complementary perspectives, which can help reach a more nuanced understanding of transition processes in the tourism sector. The paper concludes that while research on sustainable tourism can benefit from theories, concepts, and frameworks from research on sustainability transitions, research on sustainable tourism can support further conceptual developments in sustainability transitions studies. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2024
Keywords
Tourism, sustainability transitions, sustainable development, deep transitions, transitions in practice, geography of transitions
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-199634 (URN)10.1080/14616688.2023.2291700 (DOI)001125367800001 ()
Projects
The future of event and meeting industry for transport effective society
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 2020-024533
Available from: 2023-12-14 Created: 2023-12-14 Last updated: 2024-01-16
Berggren, C. & Karabag, S. F. (2023). Are efficient nuclear power projects possible? Lessons from Fenno- Swedish history. Kvartal.SE, 1-3
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Are efficient nuclear power projects possible? Lessons from Fenno- Swedish history
2023 (English)In: Kvartal.SE, E-ISSN 2002-6269, p. 1-3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [en]

While the critics of nuclear power previously focused on safety risks, they now point to how modern nuclear power plant constructions are plagued by cost increases and excruciating delays, most recently in Finland's new Olkiluoto 3-plant, which was finally commissioned in early 2023. These problems are avoidable, however. In the 1970s and 1980s, Sweden and Finland managed to build 14 new reactors without any costly delays. Stepwise, sequential expansion, continuous improvements, and knowledge transfer based on long-term partnerships were the crucial parts of this forgotten achievement.

Keywords
Nuclear power, power plant projects, project sequence management, industry-government partnership
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-193731 (URN)10.13140/RG.2.2.24811.00802 (DOI)
Available from: 2023-05-15 Created: 2023-05-15 Last updated: 2023-05-24Bibliographically approved
Karabag, S. F. & Berggren, C. (2023). Dynamics of Catching Up: Exploring National, Sectoral, and Ownership Influences in Two Emerging Economy Firms. Journal of Management & Organization Studies, 8(2), 121-176
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dynamics of Catching Up: Exploring National, Sectoral, and Ownership Influences in Two Emerging Economy Firms
2023 (English)In: Journal of Management & Organization Studies, ISSN 2149-2646, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 121-176Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Extant literature has extensively studied innovation-capability building in emerging economy firms (EEFs) from South Korea and China, but tends to neglect EEFs in somewhat less successful emerging economies, like Brazil and Turkey. Compared to the Asian countries, Brazil and Turkey liberalized and opened up their markets to global competition and the investments of multinational enterprises (MNEs) earlier, which implied other opportunities as well as restrictions for innovation-capability building in local firms. By analyzing different ways of catching-up in two Turkish firms, this study reveals that, unlike the East Asian cases, national factors such as state support did not significantly promote the innovation activities. Instead, sectoral and firm-level factors, such as competition, learning trajectories, and technological dynamics were the key ones affecting the studied firms’ processes of innovation-capability building. These factors, particularly the learning trajectories, were heavily influenced by ownership characteristics. In one of the cases, the involvement of a Turkish diversified business group played a vital role in a locally engineered and independent learning process; in the other case, the technological and organizational learning process exploited the advantages of being a joint venture between a foreign multinational and a Turkish owner group. 

The study suggests that technological catch-up alone is insufficient for emerging economy firms. To build an enduring competitive advantage, they also need to develop organizational and international marketing capabilities. Thus, the alignment among technology innovation, marketing, and organizational capabilities is vital for a firm catch-up in competitive market environments. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Turkey: , 2023
Keywords
Innovation-capability building, catching up, technology-marketing-organization alignment, emerging economy firms
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-198647 (URN)10.15659/yoad.8.2.001 (DOI)
Funder
Vinnova, 2014-03388Vinnova, 2022-00301
Available from: 2023-10-22 Created: 2023-10-22 Last updated: 2024-01-09Bibliographically approved
Gottardello, D. & Karabag, S. F. (2022). Ideal and actual roles of university professors in academic integrity management: a comparative study. Studies in Higher Education, 47(3), 526-544
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ideal and actual roles of university professors in academic integrity management: a comparative study
2022 (English)In: Studies in Higher Education, ISSN 0307-5079, E-ISSN 1470-174X, Vol. 47, no 3, p. 526-544Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Unethical behaviour has become an increasingly controversial issue in Higher Education institutes. There have been debates about the reasons for the increase in unethical behaviour. But many of those debates contain problems. A key problem has been the lack of empirical results about faculty members perceptions of their role in the phenomenon, how cultural contexts influence the perception of university teachers about their role in the academic integrity field and whether conflicts exist between what they believe their role should be and the types of roles they actually play. The aim of the study is to explore this aspect using a qualitative research design to facilitate comprehensive access to faculty members beliefs and practices. The findings suggest that professors believe the teaching role extends beyond encouraging the learning of the subject matter being studied and includes offering education and information to students about the importance of avoiding academic misconduct such as cheating and plagiarism. Implications for university across different countries are also discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, 2022
Keywords
Ideal role; actual role; academic integrity; plagiarism; HE; cultural context
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-167414 (URN)10.1080/03075079.2020.1767051 (DOI)000539146200001 ()
Note

Funding Agencies|Forte: Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare [2018-00321]

Available from: 2020-07-03 Created: 2020-07-03 Last updated: 2023-03-07Bibliographically approved
Karabag, S. F. & Imre, Ö. (2022). The Global, Regional, National, Sectoral, Economic, and Commercial Impactof the Russo-Ukrainian War and the Emerging Second Cold War. Journal of Applied Economics and Business Research, 12(2), 58-70
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Global, Regional, National, Sectoral, Economic, and Commercial Impactof the Russo-Ukrainian War and the Emerging Second Cold War
2022 (English)In: Journal of Applied Economics and Business Research, E-ISSN 1927-033X, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 58-70Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper suggests that the ongoing Russo-Ukrainian war and existing rivalries among future global leaders, such as the USA vs. China, NATO vs. Russia, and China vs. India, may result in a second Cold War. A new global order and an emerging second Cold War will have many impacts on global, regional, national, and political economies and sectors, as well as, commercial and business activities. This paper elaborates on the new (de)globalization, diminishing national and regional economic powers, and environmental challenges. Nations will develop new industrial policies and try to secure global supply chains and material flow. At the same time, it is expected that investment in defense, energy, and food sectors will increase to shore up national and regional security. Tourism and other travel-based sectors, such as sports events, might degrow. These wars might deinternationalize the activities of corporations who would need to develop new business processes, organizational forms, and technological capabilities to protect their existing markets and businesses. Based on these arguments and discussions, the paper calls for studies to examine new research ideas and suggest empirical research to expand our understanding and support the informed decision-making of policymakers and managers. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Canada: JOURNAL APPLIED ECONOMICS & BUSINESS RESEARCH, 2022
Keywords
Second Cold War, Russo-Ukrainian War, economic impact, (de)globalization, defense industry, emerging new industrial policy, commerce, and corporate behavior.
National Category
Economics and Business Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-190756 (URN)000906787400001 ()
Available from: 2022-12-29 Created: 2022-12-29 Last updated: 2024-01-18Bibliographically approved
Bernat, S. & Karabag, S. F. (2021). Fostering frugal innovation through computer-aided engineering: benefits and challenges for emerging economy firms. In: Nivedita Agarwal, Alexander Brem (Ed.), Frugal innovation and its implementation: leveraging constraints to drive innovations on a global scale (pp. 117-138). Cham: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fostering frugal innovation through computer-aided engineering: benefits and challenges for emerging economy firms
2021 (English)In: Frugal innovation and its implementation: leveraging constraints to drive innovations on a global scale / [ed] Nivedita Agarwal, Alexander Brem, Cham: Springer, 2021, p. 117-138Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Frugal innovation has recently attracted the attention of scholars and practitioners seeking new approaches for innovating in both established and emerging economies. However, hitherto, the literature has been concerned mainly with defining the topic; few empirical studies exist on the development process underlying frugal innovation. This study, thus, explores if and how the digital simulation tools of computer-aided engineering (CAE) can foster frugal innovation and what the organizational challenges are that affect this process. Three firms from different industries in Brazil are analyzed through a multiple-case study. The results reveal that CAE can help firms by promoting the development of affordable and quality products, thereby fostering frugal innovation. CAE also contributes to sustainable development by facilitating the design of products that use fewer raw materials along with equipment that consumes less energy. Further, CAE can support business and organizational activities related to marketing and learning. However, firms need to first overcome organizational challenges related to software, hardware, and technical skills to achieve a minimum level of reliability for CAE outcomes. Otherwise, the development of frugal innovation may be jeopardized by inaccurate simulation results. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2021
Keywords
Frugal innovation Benefits of frugal innovation Business model Organizational challenge Technical skill Computer-aided engineering (CAE) Emerging economy firm Brazil
National Category
Economics and Business Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-175741 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-67119-8 (DOI)9783030671198 (ISBN)
Projects
Vinnova: 2018-02930
Available from: 2021-05-17 Created: 2021-05-17 Last updated: 2024-01-02Bibliographically approved
Karabag, S. F. (2020). An Unprecedented Global Crisis! The Global, Regional, National, Political, Economic and Commercial Impact of the Coronavirus Pandemic. Journal of Applied Economics and Business Research, 10(1), 1-6
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An Unprecedented Global Crisis! The Global, Regional, National, Political, Economic and Commercial Impact of the Coronavirus Pandemic
2020 (English)In: Journal of Applied Economics and Business Research, E-ISSN 1927-033X, Journal of Applied Economics and Business Research, E-ISSN 1927-033X, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 1-6Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The proliferation of the coronavirus has created a global, regional, national, political, societal, economic and commercial crisis. The coronavirus crisis not only can be characterized as a disruptive period of instability, uncertainty, and danger but also can be perceived as a period of accelerated diffusion of digital technologies, micro-level initiatives, and a consideration of established resource-intensive forms. This paper discusses the possible impact of coronavirus pandemic crisis in the short and long term and call for research in many social and technical science fields such as political science, economics, business, management and technology management. By this paper, I intend to foster an exchange of theoretical ideas and empirical research across these topics at JAEBR and other leading journals.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Canada: Journal of Applied Economics and Business Research, 2020
Keywords
Coronavirus, Pandemic, Globalization, Regionalization, Political impact, Economic impact, Commercial impact and Innovation
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-164905 (URN)000522827700001 ()
Available from: 2020-03-31 Created: 2020-03-31 Last updated: 2021-03-16Bibliographically approved
Karabag, S. F. (2019). Factors impacting firm failure and technological development: A study of three emerging-economy firms. Journal of Business Research, 98, 462-474
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Factors impacting firm failure and technological development: A study of three emerging-economy firms
2019 (English)In: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978, Vol. 98, p. 462-474Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Several studies examine the successful globalization and technological development of emerging-economy firms. However, few discuss why some other emerging-economy firms do not develop sufficient technological capabilities, and thus, fail in domestics and global markets. Consequently, the understanding of emerging-economy firm diversity is limited. By analyzing the failure of three firms in two major industries in Turkey, this study identifies a complex set of factors contributing to this outcome. These factors include political risk, macroeconomic regime, national technology policies, and industry dynamics, as well as firm-related factors such as ownership, strategic intent, and the approach to, and current stage of, technology capability development. The results indicate that some of these factors support firm success in the short term but discourage learning and technological capability building, and thus, cause firm failures in the long term. Thus, the study illustrates the importance of studying emerging-economy firms from an extended contextual and temporal perspective.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Firm failure; Technology development capability; Business group; Industry dynamics; Emerging-economy firm; Economic regime and volatility
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-146279 (URN)10.1016/j.jbusres.2018.03.008 (DOI)000464482600039 ()2-s2.0-85043488277 (Scopus ID)
Projects
This work was supported by VINNOVA, Sweden's national innovation agency (grant number: 2014-03388).
Note

Funding agencies: VINNOVA, Swedens national innovation agency [2014-03388]

Available from: 2018-04-06 Created: 2018-04-06 Last updated: 2021-03-14Bibliographically approved
Bernat, S. & Karabag, S. F. (2019). Strategic alignment of technology: Organising for technology upgrading in emerging economy firms. Technological forecasting & social change, 145, 295-306
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Strategic alignment of technology: Organising for technology upgrading in emerging economy firms
2019 (English)In: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 145, p. 295-306Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Technology upgrading plays a crucial role in the catching-up process of emerging economy firms (EEFs) that aim to develop technological capabilities and move from imitation to innovation. The literature on emerging economies has mainly focused on how EEFs overcome the lack of technological knowledge at initial stages of catching-up while neglecting organisational issues that arise at later stages. The purpose of this study was to explore organisational activities performed by EEFs that are innovating at advanced stages of catching-up. Two Brazilian firms, namely Petrobras and WEG, were selected to be studied and to provide evidence for the research. The results indicate that both firms have systematically monitored their environments to look for windows of opportunity and have consistently invested in learning mechanisms to overcome shortcomings in knowledge. Furthermore, an activity for aligning strategy and technology was found to be key for optimising the technology upgrading process and for maximising its results.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York City: Elsevier, 2019
Keywords
Emerging economy firms; Catching-up; Technology upgrading; Monitoring activities; Learning mechanisms; Strategic alignment of technology
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-150576 (URN)10.1016/j.techfore.2018.05.009 (DOI)000474678600028 ()2-s2.0-85047420236 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Vinnova, 2014-03388
Note

Funding agencies: CNPq (National Council for Scientific and Technological Development - Brazil); Vinnova, Sweden [2014-03388]

Available from: 2018-08-27 Created: 2018-08-27 Last updated: 2023-10-06Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-3863-1073

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