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Element Replacement Approach by Reaction with Lewis Acidic Molten Salts to Synthesize Nanolaminated MAX Phases and MXenes
Chinese Acad Sci, Peoples R China.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
Chinese Acad Sci, Peoples R China.
Chinese Acad Sci, Peoples R China.
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2019 (English)In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 141, no 11, p. 4730-4737Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Nanolaminated materials are important because of their exceptional properties and wide range of applications. Here, we demonstrate a general approach to synthesizing a series of Zn-based MAX phases and Cl-terminated MXenes originating from the replacement reaction between the MAX phase and the late transition-metal halides. The approach is a top-down route that enables the late transitional element atom (Zn in the present case) to occupy the A site in the pre-existing MAX phase structure. Using this replacement reaction between the Zn element from molten ZnCl2 and the Al element in MAX phase precursors (Ti3AlC2, Ti2AlC, Ti2AlN, and V2AlC), novel MAX phases Ti3ZnC2, Ti2ZnC, Ti2ZnN, and V2ZnC were synthesized. When employing excess ZnCl2, Cl-terminated MXenes (such as Ti3C2Cl2 and Ti2CCl2) were derived by a subsequent exfoliation of Ti3ZnC2 and Ti2ZnC due to the strong Lewis acidity of molten ZnCl2. These results indicate that A-site element replacement in traditional MAX phases by late transition-metal halides opens the door to explore MAX phases that are not thermodynamically stable at high temperature and would be difficult to synthesize through the commonly employed powder metallurgy approach. In addition, this is the first time that exclusively Cl-terminated MXenes were obtained, and the etching effect of Lewis acid in molten salts provides a green and viable route to preparing MXenes through an HF-free chemical approach.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER CHEMICAL SOC , 2019. Vol. 141, no 11, p. 4730-4737
National Category
Inorganic Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-156394DOI: 10.1021/jacs.9b00574ISI: 000462260400032PubMedID: 30821963OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-156394DiVA, id: diva2:1305721
Note

Funding Agencies|National Natural Science Foundation of China [21671195, 91426304]; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation [2018M642498]; Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation [KAW 2015.0043]; Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research (SSF) [EM16-0004, RIF 14-0074]; Swedish Government Strategic Research Area in Materials Science on Functional Materials at Linkoping University (faculty grant SFO-Mat-LiU) [2009 00971]

Available from: 2019-04-18 Created: 2019-04-18 Last updated: 2019-09-23

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Lu, JunZhou, JieRosén, JohannaHultman, LarsEklund, PerPersson, Per O A
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