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The Ease of Language Understanding Model
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research Division. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7311-9959
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research Division. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1896-8250
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2022 (English)In: The Cambridge Handbook of Working Memory and Language, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2022, p. 197-218Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

To conceptualize the communicative role of working memory (WM), the Ease-of-Language Understanding (ELU) model was proposed (e.g., Rönnberg, 2003; Rönnberg et al., 2008, 2013, 2019, 2020). The model states that ease of language understanding is determined by the speed and accuracy with which the signal is matched to existing multimodal language representations. When matching is fast and complete, language understanding is effortless; this process may be facilitated by predictions based on the contents of WM. However, when the contents of the language signal mismatches with existing representations, WM is triggered to access knowledge in semantic long-term memory (SLTM) and personal experience from episodic long-term memory (ELTM) – promoting inference-making and postdictions in WM. The interplay between WM and LTM is fundamental to language understanding; its efficiency becomes apparent in adverse conditions and its breakdown may explain cognitive decline and dementia. Empirical support, limitations, and future studies will be discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2022. p. 197-218
Series
Cambridge Handbooks in Language and Linguistics
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-188116DOI: 10.1017/9781108955638.013Libris ID: 5m983plb3hxv7kvtISBN: 9781108955638 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-188116DiVA, id: diva2:1692905
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2017-06092Available from: 2022-09-05 Created: 2022-09-05 Last updated: 2022-10-24Bibliographically approved

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Rönnberg, JerkerHolmer, EmilRudner, Mary

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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