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Taste responsiveness of Western chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) to five food-associated saccharides
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biologi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Biologi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
Borås Zoo, Sweden.
Borås Zoo, Sweden.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Primates, ISSN 0032-8332, E-ISSN 1610-7365, Vol. 60, nr 1, s. 29-39Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Using a two-bottle choice test of short duration, we determined taste preference thresholds for sucrose, fructose, glucose, lactose, and maltose in three Western chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus). Further, we assessed relative preferences for these five saccharides when presented at equimolar concentrations and determined taste preference difference thresholds for sucrose, that is, the smallest concentration difference at which the chimpanzees display a preference for one of the two options. We found that the chimpanzees significantly preferred concentrations as low as 20mM sucrose, 40mM fructose, and 80mM glucose, lactose, and maltose over tap water. When given a choice between all binary combinations of these five saccharides presented at equimolar concentrations of 100, 200, and 400mM, respectively, the animals displayed significant preferences for individual saccharides in the following order: sucroseamp;gt;fructoseamp;gt;glucose=maltose=lactose. The taste difference threshold for sucrose, expressed as Weber ratio (I/I), was 0.3 and 0.4, respectively, at reference concentrations of 100 and 200mM. The taste sensitivity of the chimpanzees to the five saccharides falls into the same range found in other primate species. Remarkably, their taste preference thresholds are similar, and with two saccharides even identical, to human taste detection thresholds. The pattern of relative taste preferences displayed by the chimpanzees was similar to that found in platyrrhine primates and to the pattern of relative sweetness as reported by humans. Taken together, the results of the present study are in line with the notion that taste sensitivity for food-associated carbohydrates may correlate positively with phylogenetic relatedness. Further, they support the notion that relative preferences for food-associated carbohydrates, but not taste difference thresholds, may correlate with dietary specialization in primates.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
SPRINGER JAPAN KK , 2019. Vol. 60, nr 1, s. 29-39
Emneord [en]
Taste preference thresholds; Relative sweetness; Taste difference thresholds; Food-associated saccharides; Western chimpanzees; Pan troglodytes verus
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Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-154113DOI: 10.1007/s10329-018-0697-0ISI: 000455663700006PubMedID: 30443802OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-154113DiVA, id: diva2:1283547
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-01-29 Laget: 2019-01-29 Sist oppdatert: 2019-03-07

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