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Species dependent impact of helminth-derived antigens on human macrophages infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis: Direct effect on the innate anti-mycobacterial response
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
University of Calgary, Canada.
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2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, ISSN 1935-2727, E-ISSN 1935-2735, Vol. 11, nr 3, artikkel-id e0005390Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Background In countries with a high prevalence of tuberculosis there is high coincident of helminth infections that might worsen disease outcome. While Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) gives rise to a pro-inflammatory Th1 response, a Th2 response is typical of helminth infections. A strong Th2 response has been associated with decreased protection against tuberculosis. Principal findings We investigated the direct effect of helminth-derived antigens on human macrophages, hypothesizing that helminths would render macrophages less capable of controlling Mtb. Measuring cytokine output, macrophage surface markers with flow cytometry, and assessing bacterial replication and phagosomal maturation revealed that antigens from different species of helminth directly affect macrophage responses to Mtb. Antigens from the tapeworm Hymenolepis diminuta and the nematode Trichuris muris caused an anti-inflammatory response with M2-type polarization, reduced macrophage phagosome maturation and ability to activate T cells, along with increased Mtb burden, especially in T. muris exposed cells which also induced the highest IL-10 production upon co-infection. However, antigens from the trematode Schistosoma mansoni had the opposite effect causing a decrease in IL-10 production, M1-type polarization and increased control of Mtb. Conclusion We conclude that, independent of any adaptive immune response, infection with helminth parasites, in a species-specific manner can influence the outcome of tuberculosis by either enhancing or diminishing the bactericidal function of macrophages.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE , 2017. Vol. 11, nr 3, artikkel-id e0005390
HSV kategori
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URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-136071DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0005390ISI: 000396406600023PubMedID: 28192437OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-136071DiVA, id: diva2:1084789
Merknad

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council (VR) [521-2012-1807, 348-2013-6588]; Swedish Heart-Lung Foundation (HLF) [2014-0578, 2016-0431, 2016-07-19]; Natural Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)

Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-03-27 Laget: 2017-03-27 Sist oppdatert: 2018-03-26

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