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Ageism in Health Care: A Systematic Review of OperationalDefinitions and Inductive Conceptualizations
Faculty of Economics, University of Algarve and CIEO, Faro, Portugal.
Faculty of Economics, University of Algarve and CIEO, Faro, Portugal.
European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Vienna, Austria.
Department of Health Services Management, University of Malta, Malta.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 59, nr 2, s. E98-E108Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose:

International and national bodies have identified tackling ageism in health care as an urgent goal. However, health professionals, researchers, and policy makers recognize that it is not easy to identity and fight ageism in practice, as the identification of multiple manifestations of ageism is dependent on the way it is defined and operationalized. This article reports on a systematic review of the operational definitions and inductive conceptualizations of ageism in the context of health care.

Design and Methods:

We reviewed scientific articles published from January 1995 to June 2015 and indexed in the electronic databases Web of Science, PubMed, and Cochrane. Electronic searches were complemented with visual scanning of reference lists and hand searching of leading journals in the field of ageing and social gerontology.

Results:

The review reveals that the predominant forms of operationalization and inductive conceptualization of ageism in the context of health care have neglected some components of ageism, namely the self-directed and implicit components. Furthermore, the instruments used to measure ageism in health care have as targets older people in general, not older patients in particular.

Implications:

The results have important implications for the advancement of research on this topic, as well as for the development of interventions to fight ageism in practice. There is a need to take into account underexplored forms of operationalization and inductive conceptualizations of ageism, such as self-directed ageism and implicit ageism. In addition, ageism in health care should be measured by using context-specific instruments.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Oxford University Press, 2019. Vol. 59, nr 2, s. E98-E108
Emneord [en]
Ageism, Health care, Systematic review
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-137717DOI: 10.1093/geront/gnx020ISI: 000462597900005PubMedID: 28510642OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-137717DiVA, id: diva2:1098892
Merknad

Funding agencies:  FCT-Foundation for Science and Technology; FEDER/COMPETE [UID/SOC/04020/2013, POCI-01-0145-FEDER-007659, UID/ECO/04007/2013]; COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) on ageism [IS1402]

Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-05-27 Laget: 2017-05-27 Sist oppdatert: 2019-04-18

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