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Rising Intragenerational Occupational Mobility in the United States, 1969 to 2011
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Institutet för analytisk sociologi, IAS. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-8127-4051
Department of Sociology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: American Sociological Review, ISSN 0003-1224, E-ISSN 1939-8271, Vol. 82, nr 3Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Despite the theoretical importance of intragenerational mobility and its connection to intergenerational mobility, no study since the 1970s has documented trends in intragenerational occupational mobility. The present article fills this intellectual gap by presenting evidence of an increasing trend in intragenerational mobility in the United States from 1969 to 2011. We decompose the trend using a nested occupational classification scheme that distinguishes between disaggregated micro-classes and progressively more aggregated meso-classes, macro-classes, and manual and nonmanual sectors. Log-linear analysis reveals that mobility increased across the occupational structure at nearly all levels of aggregation, especially after the early 1990s. Controlling for structural changes in occupational distributions modifies, but does not substantially alter, these findings. Trends are qualitatively similar for men and women. We connect increasing mobility to other macro-economic trends dating back to the 1970s, including changing labor force composition, technologies, employment relations, and industrial structures. We reassert the sociological significance of intragenerational mobility and discuss how increasing variability in occupational transitions within careers may counteract or mask trends in intergenerational mobility, across occupations and across more broadly construed social classes.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Sage Publications, 2017. Vol. 82, nr 3
Emneord [en]
social stratification, mobility, intragenerational mobility, occupation
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-141176DOI: 10.1177/0003122417706391ISI: 000402622900005Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85020087435OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-141176DiVA, id: diva2:1144158
Merknad

Funding Agencies|Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) [R24-H D041022]; European Research Council under the European Union [324233]; Swedish Research Council [DNR 445-2013-7681]; Riksbankens Jubileumsfond [DNR M12-0301:1]

Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-09-25 Laget: 2017-09-25 Sist oppdatert: 2017-10-10bibliografisk kontrollert

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