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Overweight, hyperglycemia and tobacco use are modifiable risk factors for onset of retinopathy 9 and 17 years after the diagnosis of diabetes - A retrospective observational nation-wide cohort study
Lund University, Sweden.
Umeå University, Sweden.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för cellbiologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Endokrinmedicinska kliniken.
Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Sweden.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, ISSN 0168-8227, E-ISSN 1872-8227, Vol. 133, s. 21-29Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The aims of this study were to estimate the risk for diabetic retinopathy (DR) and to identify risk factors. We investigated a nationwide population-based cohort with diabetes diagnosed at age 15-34 years. Patients and methods: Of 794 patients registered 1987-1988 in the Diabetes Incidence Study in Sweden (DISS) 444 (56%) patients with retinal photos available for classification of retinopathy participated in a follow-up study 15-19 (median 17) years after diagnosis. Mean age was 42.3 +/- 5.7 years, BMI 26.1 +/- 4.1 kg/m(2), 62% were male and 91% had type 1 diabetes. A sub-study was performed in 367 patients with retinal photos from both the 9 and 17 year follow up and the risk for development of retinopathy between 9 and 17 years of follow up was calculated. Results: After median 17 years 324/444 (73%, 67% of T1D and 71% of T2D), had developed any DR but only 5.4% proliferative DR. Male sex increased the risk of developing retinopathy (OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.2-2.9). In the sub-study obesity (OR 1.2, 95% CI 1.04-1.4), hyperglycemia (OR 2.5, 95% CI 1.6-3.8) and tobacco use (OR 2.9, 95% CI 1.1-7.3) predicted onset of retinopathy between 9 and 17 years after diagnosis of diabetes. Conclusion: The number of patients with severe retinopathy after 17 years of diabetes disease was small. The risk of developing retinopathy with onset between 9 and 17 years after diagnosis of diabetes was strongly associated to modifiable risk factors such as glycemic control, obesity and tobacco use. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD , 2017. Vol. 133, s. 21-29
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URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-143639DOI: 10.1016/j.diabres.2017.08.009ISI: 000415623700005PubMedID: 28888147OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-143639DiVA, id: diva2:1165514
Merknad

Funding Agencies|Gorthon Foundation Helsingborg; Committee for the blind in Malmohus County; Swedish Diabetes Association; Lundstrom Foundation; Novo-Nordisk Foundation; Research Funds of Malmo University Hospital; Swedish Research Council [14531, 14287]; Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation-Wallenberg Diabetes Research Program [K98-99JD-128B]; Swedish Life Insurance Foundation; Trygg-Hansa Foundation; Faculty of Medicine at Umea University; Swedish Association for Patients with Kidney Disease; Swedish Society of Medicine and Heart and Lung foundation

Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-12-13 Laget: 2017-12-13 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-13

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