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Peers that count: The influence of deskmates on test scores
Hungarian Acad Sci, Hungary; TARKI Social Res Inst, Hungary.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Institutet för analytisk sociologi, IAS. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Hungarian Acad Sci, Hungary.
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, ISSN 0276-5624, E-ISSN 1878-5654, Vol. 62, artikkel-id 100408Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Peer effects have been shown to be important for educational development during adolescence. Peer effect from classmates and friends, nevertheless, could be the target of interventions only to a limited extent. We hypothesize that deskmates may affect educational achievement. In contrast to friendship, deskmate relations could realistically be a target of policy intervention by teachers, who can decide on the seating arrangements in class. This study examines whether deskmates have a positive impact on individual test scores that goes beyond the general influence of classmates and friends. The deskmate effect is investigated in ethnically mixed classrooms. Information on friendship and deskmates from a social network panel was merged with test score register data from secondary schools in Northern and Eastern Hungary. The study finds that, after controlling for students own baseline eighth-grade reading test scores and classroom-fixed effects, deskmates eighth-grade reading test score influences positively students tenth-grade reading test scores. No similar effect was found for mathematics test scores. We found no evidence that deskmates test scores mediate or moderate the ethnic test-score gap between Hungarian and Roma students.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
ELSEVIER SCI LTD , 2019. Vol. 62, artikkel-id 100408
Emneord [en]
Test score growth; Academic achievement; Ethnic test-score gap; Peer effects; Friends; Deskmates; Social networks
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-159558DOI: 10.1016/j.rssm.2019.05.003ISI: 000477765200003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-159558DiVA, id: diva2:1342472
Merknad

Funding Agencies|Hungarian National Research, Development and Innovation Office (NKFIH) [FK 125358]; Lendulet Program of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences; Janos Bolyai Research Scholarship of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences; New National Excellence Program of the Ministry of Human Capacities [UNKP-18-4-BCE-16]; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Unions Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme [648693]

Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-08-13 Laget: 2019-08-13 Sist oppdatert: 2019-08-13

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