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Structural and biochemical investigation of two Arabidopsis shikimate kinases: The heat-inducible isoform is thermostable
University of Toronto.
University of Toronto.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Bioinformatik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Molekylär Bioteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2011 (engelsk)Inngår i: Protein Science, ISSN 0961-8368, E-ISSN 1469-896X, Vol. 20, nr 7, s. 1125-1136Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The expression of plant shikimate kinase (SK; EC 2.7.1.71), an intermediate step in the shikimate pathway to aromatic amino acid biosynthesis, is induced under specific conditions of environmental stress and developmental requirements in an isoform-specific manner. Despite their important physiological role, experimental structures of plant SKs have not been determined and the biochemical nature of plant SK regulation is unknown. The Arabidopsis thaliana genome encodes two SKs, AtSK1 and AtSK2. We demonstrate that AtSK2 is highly unstable and becomes inactivated at 37 degrees C whereas the heat-induced isoform, AtSK1, is thermostable and fully active under identical conditions at this temperature. We determined the crystal structure of AtSK2, the first SK structure from the plant kingdom, and conducted biophysical characterizations of both AtSK1 and AtSK2 towards understanding this mechanism of thermal regulation. The crystal structure of AtSK2 is generally conserved with bacterial SKs with the addition of a putative regulatory phosphorylation motif forming part of the adenosine triphosphate binding site. The heat-induced isoform, AtSK1, forms a homodimer in solution, the formation of which facilitates its relative thermostability compared to AtSK2. In silico analyses identified AtSK1 site variants that may contribute to AtSK1 stability. Our findings suggest that AtSK1 performs a unique function under heat stress conditions where AtSK2 could become inactivated. We discuss these findings in the context of regulating metabolic flux to competing downstream pathways through SK-mediated control of steady state concentrations of shikimate.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press , 2011. Vol. 20, nr 7, s. 1125-1136
Emneord [en]
shikimate; heat stress; Arabidopsis thaliana
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-69819DOI: 10.1002/pro.640ISI: 000292257600006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-69819DiVA, id: diva2:433530
Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-08-10 Laget: 2011-08-08 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-08

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