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Mythbusting in the logistics domain: a second look at systems theory usage
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Kommunikations- och transportsystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. (Bygglogistik)
2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: Logistics Research, ISSN 1865-035X, Vol. 5, nr 1-2, s. 3-20Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Logistics has been said to rest on a foundation of systems theory. Recent research has however indicated that such claims merely are myths that have been passed on. These myths are in this paper put to the test. An international survey of logistics/SCM academics rendered 178 usable responses. Two main research questions are examined. One concerns the views on and valuation of the terms systems approach, systems thinking, and systems theory, in relation both to each other and to the logistics discipline. The other concerns the extent to which logistics researchers are familiar with and have explicitly cited scholars that are central to a number of different schools of systems theory. Results point clearly in one direction: myth busted. That is, there is little support for claiming that logistics is rooted in systems theory. Also, more evidence is found that the scope of systems theory that actually has influenced the discipline is rather narrow. There are hints of myopic tendencies. The paper is wrapped up with a glimpse of one possible remedy for this, a rather recent strand of systems theory labelled critical systems thinking.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Springer, 2012. Vol. 5, nr 1-2, s. 3-20
Emneord [en]
Systems theory, Logistics discipline, Survey, Myopia, Critical systems thinking
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-77115DOI: 10.1007/s12159-012-0078-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-77115DiVA, id: diva2:524963
Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-05-04 Laget: 2012-05-04 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-07bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. On systems thinking in logistics management - A critical perspective
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>On systems thinking in logistics management - A critical perspective
2012 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Systems thinking. Systems theory. The systems approach. All these concepts have in various guises been claimed as central to logistics management, since its dawning in the mid twentieth century. Such claims are the starting point of this dissertation, the purpose of which is to contribute to an increased understanding of systems thinking in logistics management research, both present and for future advances. The primary unit of analysis in this dissertation is thus logistics management research.

The purpose is pursued through a strategy of triangulation of research approaches, via two research objectives:

  • To describe the nature of systems thinking in logistics management research.
  • To explore the merits for logistics management research of an interpretive approach to actors’ systems thinking.

The term systems thinking in this dissertation denotes any somewhat ‘organised’ bodies of thought with aspirations to be ‘holistic’ in the sense of aiming for comprehensiveness. This part relates mostly to the systems part of the term. With regard to the other part, systems thinking is also regarded as a term that encompasses thinking about, and in terms of, systems; either that of researchers or that of actors in logistics practices.

Systems thinking can sometimes be theorised on in such a way that it seems fair to label it as systems theory. Another term that is also frequently employed is systems approach. This denotes any approach to intervene in and/or conduct research on enterprises, with a holistic ambition. Such approaches can or cannot be informed by systems theory. By approach is meant the fundamental assumptions of the effort, such as ontological and epistemological positions, views on human nature, and methodologies.

This dissertation employs an approach informed by a strand of systems theory labelled Critical Systems Thinking (CST). This builds on a pluralist strategy, which entails an awareness of the strengths and weaknesses of all types of systems approaches, and thus strives towards putting them to work under such circumstances in which they are best suited.

The first objective is pursued by means of a combined inductive-deductive approach presented mainly through two peer-reviewed, published journal articles. The first is an extensive literature review of academic publications in logistics management; the second is a survey of logistics management academics. Results show that the systems thinking within the discipline most often is not informed by systems theory, and is oriented towards a narrow section of the available systems approaches. This is an approach that builds on an objective world-view (realist ontology), and which seeks knowledge in terms of different kinds of law-like regularities. There are variations to the kinds of knowledge that are sought, in the sense that some search for deeper, underlying generative mechanisms (structuralist epistemology), some seek causal relationships among observable phenomena (positivist epistemology). The common view on human nature is determinist, and methodologies are often quantitative. It is concluded that logistics management employs a functionalist systems approach, which implicitly assumes homogeneity in actors’ systems thinking in mutual contexts (i.e. shared logistics practices).

The second objective is pursued by adopting an interpretive systems approach, thus embracing a nominalist ontology and interpretivist epistemology, in order to explore what benefits such a perspective can lend to logistics management. Informed by the pluralist commitment of CST, theoretical constructs and methods grounded in cognitive psychology are employed to study logistics management practitioners’ systems thinking through cognitive mapping. If this reveals heterogeneities in systems thinking among actors of a mutual context, in which a high degree of homogeneity can be expected, the rationale is that the dominant homogeneity assumption is insufficient. The study, presented through an unpublished working paper, concludes that actors’ systems thinking can differ in ways that render the assumptions of the functionalist systems approach inadequate. More thought, debate, and research on an interpretive systems approach within logistics management is called for.

With constant expansions in the scope of ambition for logistics management in mind – towards larger enterprise systems in the spirit of supply chain management, towards more goals for enterprises than the traditional financial ones, and towards new application areas (e.g. healthcare) – it is recognised that more and more actors become stakeholders in the practices that logistics management research seeks to incorporate within its domain of normative ambitions. This leads to an expanding scope of voices that ought to be heard in order to legitimise efforts to improve logistics management practices. This in turn motivates that we should seek to accommodate not only interpretive systems approaches, but also emancipatory, in order to ensure normative prescriptions that are legitimate from the perspectives of as many stakeholders as possible, not only from the common a priori efficiency perspectives of functionalist logistics management research.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2012. s. 144 (including appendix 1-2)
Serie
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1456
Emneord
Logistics management, Systems thinking, Systems theory, Systems approach, Critical, Interpretive, Actors
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-77119 (URN)978-91-7519-878-1 (ISBN)
Disputas
2012-06-01, Kåkenhus, K3, Campus Norrköping, Linköpings universitet, Norrköping, 10:15 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-05-08 Laget: 2012-05-04 Sist oppdatert: 2019-12-10bibliografisk kontrollert

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