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Impact of N-glycosylation site variants during human PrP aggregation and fibril nucleation
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Kemi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Jawaharlal Nehru Univ, India.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Kemi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Kemi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
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2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Proteins and Proteomics, ISSN 1570-9639, E-ISSN 1878-1454, Vol. 1867, nr 10, s. 909-921Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Misfolding and aggregation of the human prion protein (PrP) cause neurodegenerative transmissible spongiform encephalopathies such as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Mature native PrP is composed of 209 residues and is folded into a C-terminal globular domain (residues 125-209) comprising a small two-stranded beta-sheet and three alpha-helices. The N-terminal domain (residues 23-124) is intrinsically disordered. Expression of truncated PrP (residues 90-231) is sufficient to cause prion disease and residues 90/100-231 is comprising the amyloid-like fibril core of misfolded infectious PrP. During PrP fibril formation under native conditions in vitro, the disordered N-terminal domain slows down fibril formation likely due to a mechanism of initial aggregation forming morphologically disordered aggregates. The morphological disordered aggregate is a transient phase. Nucleation of fibrils occurs from this initial aggregate. The aggregate phase is largely circumvented by seeding with preformed PrP fibrils. In vivo PrP is N-glycosylated at positions Asn181 and Asn197. Little is known about the importance of these positions and their glycans for PrP stability, aggregation and fibril formation. We have in this study taken a step towards that goal by mutating residues 181 and 197 for cysteines to study the positional impact on these processes. We have further by organic synthetic chemistry and chemical modification generated synthetic glycosylations in these positions. Our data shows that residue 181 when mutated to a cysteine is a key residue for self -chaperoning, rendering a trap in the initial aggregate preventing conformational changes towards amyloid fibril formation. Position 197 is less involved in the aggregate trapping and is more geared towards beta-sheet structure conversion within amyloid fibrils. As expected, synthetic glycosylated 197 is less affected towards fibril formation compared to glycosylated 181. Our data are rather compatible with the parallel in-register intermolecular beta-sheet model structure of the PrP90-231 fibril and sheds light on the misfolding transitions of PrP in vitro. We hypothesize that glycosylation of position 181 is a key site for prion strain differentiation in vivo.

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ELSEVIER , 2019. Vol. 1867, nr 10, s. 909-921
Nationell ämneskategori
Biokemi och molekylärbiologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-160153DOI: 10.1016/j.bbapap.2019.03.010ISI: 000480375700006PubMedID: 30935958OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-160153DiVA, id: diva2:1349616
Anmärkning

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council [2015-04521]; Sven and Lilly Lawskis Foundation; Goran Gustafsson Foundation; Swedish Alzheimer Foundation; Swedish Brain foundation

Tillgänglig från: 2019-09-09 Skapad: 2019-09-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-08

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Mishra, RajeshElgland, MathiasBegum, AfshanFyrner, TimmyKonradsson, PeterNyström, SofieHammarström, Per
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KemiTekniska fakultetenInstitutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi
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