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Safe Assembly Cell Layout through Risk Assessment: An Application with Hand Guided Industrial Robot
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Maskinkonstruktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-9539-2163
Global Industrial Development, Scania CV AB, Södertälje, Sweden; Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Maskinkonstruktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-1646-5817
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Proceedings of the 50th CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems / [ed] Mitchell M. Tseng, Hung-Yin Tsai and Yue Wang, Elsevier, 2017, Vol. 63, nr Supplement C, s. 430-435Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Risk assessment is a systematic and iterative process which involves risk analysis where the probable hazards are identified and corresponding risks are evaluated along with solutions to mitigate the effect of these risks. In this article the outcome of a risk assessment process will be detailed where a large industrial robot is being used as a intelligent and flexible lifting tool that can aid operators in assembly tasks. The realization of a collaborative assembly station has several benefits such as increased productivity and improved ergonomic work environment. The article will detail the design of the layout of a collaborative assembly cell which takes into account the safety and productivity concerns of automotive assembly plants.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 63, nr Supplement C, s. 430-435
Serie
Procedia CIRP
Nyckelord [en]
Human Robot Collaboration, Safety Standards, Collaborative Assembly, Hand-Guided Robot
Nationell ämneskategori
Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-142319DOI: 10.1016/j.procir.2017.03.160ISI: 000418465500073Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85028677171OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-142319DiVA, id: diva2:1152592
Konferens
Manufacturing Systems 4.0 – Proceedings of the 50th CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems
Forskningsfinansiär
VINNOVA
Anmärkning

Manufacturing Systems 4.0 – Proceedings of the 50th CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems

Tillgänglig från: 2017-10-25 Skapad: 2017-10-25 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-20Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. On Safe Collaborative Assembly With Large Industrial Robots
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>On Safe Collaborative Assembly With Large Industrial Robots
2019 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This thesis pertains to industrial safety in relation to human-robot collaboration. The aim is to enhance understanding of the nature of systems where large industrial robots collaborate with humans to complete assembly tasks. This understanding may support development and safe operations of future collaborative systems.

Industrial robots are widely used to automate manufacturing operations across several industries. The automotive industry is the largest user of robots and have identified robot-based automation as a strategy to improve efficiency in manufacturing operations.

Recently, a class of machines referred to as collaborative robots have been developed by robot manufacturers to support operators in assembly tasks. The use of these robots to support human workers in an industrial context are referred to as collaborative operations.

Presently, collaborative robots have limited reach and load carrying capacity compared to standard industrial robots. Large/standard industrial robots are widely used for applications such as welding or painting. They can, in principle support operators in assembly tasks as well.

Two laboratory demonstrators representing the final results from a series of research activities will be presented. They were developed to investigate issues related to personnel and process safety while working with large industrial robots in collaborative operations. The demonstrators were partially based on assembly workstations that are currently operational and they exemplify challenges faced by the automotive industry.

Demonstrator-based Research, a methodology for collaborative research that emphasizes development of demonstrators as a research tool, forms the rationale for carrying out research operations presented in this thesis. An evaluation of the laboratory demonstrators by industrial participants suggests an increased interest and confidence in collaborative operations with large robots. The demonstrators have served as a tentative platform for participants to identify and discuss manufacturing and safety challenges in relation to their organization.

A main outcome presented in this thesis relates to specifying requirements for introducing robots in a human-populated environment. Introducing robotic systems in new environments requires reconsideration of the nature of the hazards particular to the domain. An analysis of the laboratory demonstrators suggest that, in addition to hazards associated with normal functioning of the system, limitations in human cognition must be considered. These results will be exemplified and discussed in the context of situational and mode awareness. Additionally, a model of a collaborative workstation will be presented in terms of three constituents – workspace, tasks and interaction.

This is particularly significant considering the direction of present-day research aimed at introducing robots across various industries and working environments. In response to this trend, this thesis discusses the relevance of Interactive Research and its emphasis on joint learning that goes on between academic researchers and industrial participants as a valuable principle for collaborative research.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2019. s. 79
Serie
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 2026
Nationell ämneskategori
Robotteknik och automation Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi Interaktionsteknik Människa-datorinteraktion (interaktionsdesign) Datavetenskap (datalogi)
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-162134 (URN)10.3384/diss.diva-162134 (DOI)9789179299774 (ISBN)
Disputation
2019-12-13, C3, C-huset, Campus Valla, Linköping, 10:15 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2019-11-20 Skapad: 2019-11-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-20Bibliografiskt granskad

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