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Oxytocin Reduces Alcohol Cue-Reactivity in Alcohol-Dependent Rats and Humans
Heidelberg Univ, Germany.
Heidelberg Univ, Germany.
Heidelberg Univ, Germany.
Heidelberg Univ, Germany.
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2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Neuropsychopharmacology, ISSN 0893-133X, E-ISSN 1740-634X, Vol. 43, nr 6, s. 1235-1246Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Approved pharmacological treatments for alcohol use disorder are limited in their effectiveness, and new drugs that can easily be translated into the clinic are warranted. One of those candidates is oxytocin because of its interaction with several alcohol-induced effects. Alcoholdependent rats as well as post-mortem brains of human alcoholics and controls were analyzed for the expression of the oxytocin system by qRT-PCR, in situ hybridizaton, receptor autoradiography ([(125)l]OVTA binding), and immunohistochemistry. Alcohol self administration and cue-induced reinstatement behavior was measured after intracerebroventicular injection of 10 nM oxytocin in dependent rats. Here we show a pronounced upregulation of oxytocin receptors in brain tissues of alcohol dependent rats and deceased alcoholics, primarily in frontal and striatal areas. This upregulation stems most likely from reduced oxytocin expression in hypothalamic nuclei. Pharmacological validaton showed that oxytocin reduced cue-induced reinstatement response in dependent rats-an effect that was not observed in nondependent rats. Finally, a clinical pilot study (German clinical trial number DRKS00009253) using functional magnetic resonance imaging in heavy social male drinkers showed that intranasal oxytocin (24 IU) decreased neural cue-reactivity in brain networks similar to those detected in dependent rats and humans with increased oxytocin receptor expression. These studies suggest that oxytocin might be used as an anticraving medication and thus may positvely affect treatment outcomes in alcoholics.

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NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP , 2018. Vol. 43, nr 6, s. 1235-1246
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Neurovetenskaper
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URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-147792DOI: 10.1038/npp.2017.257ISI: 000430415100007PubMedID: 29090683OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-147792DiVA, id: diva2:1206493
Anmärkning

Funding Agencies|Bundesministerium fur Bildung und Forschung [FKZ: 01ZX1311A, 01 EE 1406 C]; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft [SFB1134, DFG HA6102/1-1]; European Unions Horizon research and innovation program [668863]

Tillgänglig från: 2018-05-17 Skapad: 2018-05-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-12-29

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