liu.seSök publikationer i DiVA
Ändra sökning
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
If we buy your vehicles, can we produce our own fuel?: An early assessment method for the market expansion of biomethane solutions
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4479-117X
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
2017 (Engelska)Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
Abstract [en]

Biomethane made from the anaerobic digestion of organic waste can provide several economic and environmental benefits such as: the valorisation of waste products, increased resource efficiency, increased retention of nutrients through recycling of biogas digestate (Banks, et al., 2011), reduction of greenhouse gas emissions (Börjesson, et al., 2016) as well as the reduction of nitrogen oxides and particulate matter emissions (Börjesson & Berglund, 2007).To help actors understand when and where biomethane solutions can succeed, including the qualitative and quantitative aspects of a solution, an Early Assessment Method has been developed. The categories included in the assessment are potential, feasibility, economic and environmental performance. The Early Assessment Method was developed using a multi-criteria framework and consists of 15 key areas and 24 key indicators that should be considered when assessing biomethane solutions. Each quantitative indicator can be assessed either with site-specific data or by using generic equations and average values while the qualitative indicators are given a five-grade scale to facilitate the assessment.The potential category focuses on assessing how much raw material there is in the investigated area and how much of the usable products can be produced. The final areas are: biomass potential, biomethane potential and bio-fertilizer potential. In the feasibility assessment, qualitative aspects are assessed using a five-grade scale. The key areas for feasibility include: customer demand, competing applications, strategies for renewable fuels, legislation, economic instruments and infrastructure suitability. Performance is assessed both for economic performance and environmental performance to understand how the biomethane solution would perform if implemented. Economic performance includes both an indicator for cost per unit produced and an indicator for the investment cost for each production step. The key areas included are: biogas generation cost, biogas upgrading cost and biomethane distribution cost. The environmental performance is evaluated to understand how environmental aspects would change if biomethane replaced an alternative fuel on the market in the studied region. Key areas to assess this are: climate impact, air quality and nutrient recycling. These areas highlight some important benefits of using biomethane over fossil fuels, which are the most common fuels for heavy-duty vehicles.A two-part Early Assessment Tool was also developed. The tool is included in the method, but can be used separately if the user has a basic knowledge of biomethane. It assists with information collection, through a questionnaire, and structuring and presenting data, through a spreadsheet. The design of the Early Assessment Tool favours simplicity and usability while striving to maintain relevant information. It is meant to be used both for educational and investigative purposes when providing an early assessment of biomethane solutions within a certain region. The result from the tool can aid when making decisions and help with identifying which local actors to involve and what consultancy work might be needed to realise a biomethane solution.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2017. , s. 96
Nyckelord [en]
biomethane, system analysis, multi-criteria approach, early assessment method, early assessment tool, heavy-duty vehicle
Nationell ämneskategori
Övrig annan teknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-157653ISRN: LIU-IEI-TEK-A--17/02755—SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-157653DiVA, id: diva2:1326535
Ämne / kurs
Industriell miljöteknik
Handledare
Examinatorer
Tillgänglig från: 2019-06-24 Skapad: 2019-06-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-13Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

fulltext(2755 kB)12 nedladdningar
Filinformation
Filnamn FULLTEXT01.pdfFilstorlek 2755 kBChecksumma SHA-512
900e59f3e43fec1ed2afea914b5aea5c4dbe3fba12f24832b171a311e488f4130c7907bc67358c916a3b877e934fd854a94dcb1c1e782579049bde27c2d68947
Typ fulltextMimetyp application/pdf

Sök vidare i DiVA

Av författaren/redaktören
Lindfors, Axel
Av organisationen
Industriell miljöteknik
Övrig annan teknik

Sök vidare utanför DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Totalt: 12 nedladdningar
Antalet nedladdningar är summan av nedladdningar för alla fulltexter. Det kan inkludera t.ex tidigare versioner som nu inte längre är tillgängliga.

urn-nbn

Altmetricpoäng

urn-nbn
Totalt: 48 träffar
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf