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Lifetime history of sexual and physical abuse among competitive athletics (track and field) athletes: cross sectional study of associations with sports and non-sports injury
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för verksamhetsstöd och utveckling, Verksamhetsutveckling vård och hälsa.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-6049-5402
Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV).
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2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: British Journal of Sports Medicine, ISSN 0306-3674, E-ISSN 1473-0480, Vol. 53, nr 22, s. 1412-1417Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective To examine associations between lifetime sexual and physical abuse, and the likelihood of injury within and outside sport in athletes involved in competitive athletics.

Methods A cross sectional study was performed among the top 10 Swedish athletics athletes using 1 year prevalence of sports and non-sports injuries as the primary outcome measure. Associations with sociodemographic characteristics, lifetime abuse history and training load were investigated. Data were analysed using simple and multiple logistic regression models.

Results 11% of 197 participating athletes reported lifetime sexual abuse; there was a higher proportion of women (16.2%) than men (4.3%) (P=0.005). 18% reported lifetime physical abuse; there was a higher proportion of men (22.8%) than women (14.3%) (P=0.050). For women, lifetime sexual abuse was associated with an increased likelihood of a non-sports injury (OR 8.78, CI 2.76 to 27.93; P<0.001). Among men, increased likelihood of a non-sports injury was associated with more frequent use of alcoholic beverages (OR 6.47, CI 1.49 to 28.07; P=0.013), while commencing athletics training at >13 years of age was associated with a lower likelihood of non-sports injury (OR 0.09, CI 0.01 to 0.81; P=0.032). Lifetime physical abuse was associated with a higher likelihood of sports injury in women (OR 12.37, CI 1.52 to 100.37; P=0.019). Among men, athletes with each parents with ≤12 years formal education had a lower likelihood of sustaining an injury during their sports practice (OR 0.37, CI 0.14 to 0.96; P=0.040).

Conclusions Lifetime sexual and physical abuse were associated with an increased likelihood of injury among female athletes. Emotional factors should be included in the comprehension of injuries sustained by athletes.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2019. Vol. 53, nr 22, s. 1412-1417
Nationell ämneskategori
Idrottsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-162759DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2018-099335ISI: 000498577100010PubMedID: 30190298Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85053122292OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-162759DiVA, id: diva2:1380360
Tillgänglig från: 2019-12-18 Skapad: 2019-12-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-04-30Bibliografiskt granskad

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Timpka, ToomasJacobsson, JennyDahlström, ÖrjanSpreco, ArminKowalski, JanBargoria, VictorSvedin, Carl Göran
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Avdelningen för samhällsmedicinMedicinska fakultetenVerksamhetsutveckling vård och hälsaPsykologiFilosofiska fakultetenInstitutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV)Avdelningen för hälso- och sjukvårdsanalysInstitutionen för medicin och hälsaBarnafridBarn- och ungdomspsykiatriska kliniken
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