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Screening for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in young athletes: A cost-effectiveness analysis
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Medicinsk teknologiutvärdering. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
Health Economics Department, AstraZeneca, Södertälje, Sweden.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Klinisk fysiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärtcentrum, Fysiologiska kliniken.
(Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Background: Screening to prevent sudden cardiac death among young athletes has been debated for some time and several countries have already introduced pre-participation cardiovascular screening to identify sports active individuals at risk. Although, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common underlying disease that is documented to be detectable by screening the cost-effectiveness of such a screening strategy is still unclear.

Methods: A screening program to detect HCM in young athletes was compared to a non screening strategy. Prevalence of HCM, mortality risks and test characteristics were estimated from published sources and formal expert elicitation. These estimates were incorporated in a decision analytic model to estimate costs and health outcomes, expressed in life years and quality adjusted life years (QALYs), over a lifetime perspective.

Results: The screening strategy was associated with a mean incremental cost of €93 and a mean incremental gain of 0.0005 life years, yielding a cost per life year gained of €196 205. Taking quality of life into account, the screening strategy was associated with a loss of 0.034 QALY.

Conclusions: The study shows that screening young athletes for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is not likely to yield survival benefits at a cost normally considered to be cost-effective and if quality of life is considered in the analysis screening is associated with higher costs and a loss of QALYs. Thus, based on the present findings a strategy of screening young athletes for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is unlikely to be cost effective.

Nationell ämneskategori
Medicin och hälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-56594OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-56594DiVA, id: diva2:320604
Tillgänglig från: 2010-05-26 Skapad: 2010-05-26 Senast uppdaterad: 2010-05-26Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Cost-effectiveness analysis of health technologies when evidence is scarce
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Cost-effectiveness analysis of health technologies when evidence is scarce
2010 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Given the increasing pressures on health care budgets, economic evaluation is used in many countries to assist decision-making regarding the optimal use of competing health care technologies. Although the standard methods of estimating cost-effectiveness underpinning these decisions have gained widespread acceptance, concerns have been raised that many technologies would not be considered for funding, due to scarcity of evidence. However, as long as the amount and quality of evidence used for the analysis are properly characterized, scarce evidence per se should not be seen as a hindrance to perform cost-effectiveness analyses. Characterizing uncertainty appropriately, though, may pose a challenge even when there is a large body of evidence available, and even more so when evidence is scarce. The aims of this thesis are to apply a methodological framework of cost-effectiveness analysis and explore methods for characterising uncertainty when evidence is scarce. Three case studies associated with limited evidence provide economic evaluations on current decision problems, investigate the feasibility of using the framework, and explore methods for characterizing uncertainty when evidence is scarce.

The results of the case studies showed that, given current information, providing transfemoral amputees with C-Leg and Airsonett Airshower to patients with perennial allergic asthma could be considered cost-effective whereas screening for hyperthrophic cardiomyopathy among young athletes is unlikely to be cost-effective. In the cases of C-Leg and Airsonett Airshower conducting further research is likely to be cost-effective. The case studies indicate that it is feasible to apply methods of cost-effectiveness in health care for technologies not commonly evaluated due to lack of evidence. The analysis showed that failing to account for individual experts’ might have a substantial effect on the interpretation of the results of cost-effectiveness analysis. Formal expert elicitation is a promising method of characterizing uncertainty when evidence is missing, and thus enable cost-effectiveness and value of further research to be appropriately estimated in such situations.

In conclusion, this thesis shows that scarcity of evidence should not preclude the use of cost-effectiveness analysis. On the contrary, in such cases it is probably more important than ever to use a framework that enable us to define key parameters for a decision problem and identify available evidence in order to determine cost-effectiveness given current information and provide guidance on further data collection.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2010. s. 41
Serie
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1324
Nationell ämneskategori
Hälso- och sjukvårdsorganisation, hälsopolitik och hälsoekonomi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-56595 (URN)978-91-7393-363-6 (ISBN)
Disputation
2010-06-18, Aulan i Hälsans hus, Campus US, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 09:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning
In the list of included articles in the Ph.D. thesis the title of manuscript IV is "Cost-effectiveness of screening for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in young athletes" but the title of the included article in the Ph.D. thesis is "Screening for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in young athletes: A cost-effectiveness analysis".Tillgänglig från: 2010-05-26 Skapad: 2010-05-26 Senast uppdaterad: 2010-05-26Bibliografiskt granskad

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Brodtkorb, Thor-HenrikNylander, Eva

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