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Mobility patterns among long distance telecommuters
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
Eastern Norway Research Institute, Lillehammer, Norway.
2002 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The so-called urban sprawl effect is being explored from the perspective of the growing number of long distance commuters. There are two large ongoing trends of people moving in opposite directions - the "sprawl" versus the "centralization" effect, meaning that telecommuters move out of the urban areas at the same time as telecommuters are able to stay in their native rural regions while holding city jobs. Both categories stimulate an increase in long distance commuting. Driving forces and barriers for the growth of these ongoing occurrences is explored. Learning from the literature has been derived, using known relations between regular commuters and telecommuters travel patterns to adapt these to the specific travel characteristically preconditions that applies for of long distance commuters, providing for a definition of what a long distance telecommuter represents and the suggestion of eighteen speculative hypotheses of long distance telecommuters travel patterns. The long distance telecommuters are according to these hypotheses expected to present a rather different travel pattern than urban telecommuter.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2002.
Nyckelord [en]
commuting, telecommuting, long distance commuting, long distance telecommuting, telework, travel, travel patterns, mobility
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-61561OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-61561DiVA, id: diva2:370434
Konferens
The 6th International Conference of Telework Foundation - New Work, "Designing a new workspace: sustainability and ethical dimensions" 3-5 September, 2002, Badajoz, Spain
Tillgänglig från: 2010-11-16 Skapad: 2010-11-16 Senast uppdaterad: 2013-01-21
Ingår i avhandling
1. Telecommuting's implications on travel and travel patterns
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Telecommuting's implications on travel and travel patterns
2004 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The subject field is within technology and social change, with focus particularly on telecommuting and the possible changes that arises in the travel patterns as a result of the telecommuting situation. When a person starts working from home once or twice a week instead of commuting back and forth to the main work place, a number of changes in the telecommuters' distribution of travel can and most probably will arise. The commute trip is often excluded, which leads to the so-called substitution effect. Non-work related trips might be generated and the mix of different types of trips as well as the trips temporal and modal choices is affected. On the aggregate. urban congestion may be reduced and the work form may contribute to the urban sprawl, which may lead to an increase in vehicle kilometres travelled. These and some other travel pattern changes due to telecommuting are the topics studied in the thesis. The comprehensive purpose is to: "Describe how telecommuting affects telecommuters' travel and travel patterns by exploring the work form's travel implications. their mutual interaction and explaining the consequent travel outcome".

The thesis has confirmed the work forms net travel reducing effect. Commute trips obviously decreases when working from home, but telecommuting is also expected to lead to an increase in non-commute trips, which it does too, but the work form even reduces a number of non-commute trips, with the probable total outcome of a net travel reduction even for the non-commute trips. A discovery that makes the travel reduction less than initially believed however is the substantial amount of telecommuters frequently practising half-day telecommuting. Half-day telecommuting does in turn stimulate travel mode changes. with increased car usage for commuting in preference of public transportation. For non-commutes, the travel mode tends to shift from cars to non-motorised travel means, such as bicycles and walks instead.

A conceptual model is constructed in order to increase the understanding of the underlying causes for the interrelations between telecommuting and travel and the accordingly travel effects. Further, the relations and connections between telecommuting and long distance telecommuting is contextually discussed with regards to how rural telecommutcrs travel pattern potentially differentiates from urban telecommuters. The discussion resulted in 18 hypothetical differences between urban and rural telecommuters' travel patterns, which provide a foundation on which to develop future studies.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Linköping: Linköpings universitet, 2004. s. 106
Serie
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 869
Nyckelord
Telecommuting
Nationell ämneskategori
Datavetenskap (datalogi)
Forskningsämne
Ekonomiska informationssystem
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-23211 (URN)2622 (Lokalt ID)91-7373-935-9 (ISBN)2622 (Arkivnummer)2622 (OAI)
Disputation
2004-05-26, Visionen, Hus B, Linköpings Universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (Svenska)
Tillgänglig från: 2009-10-07 Skapad: 2009-10-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-01-22

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Skåmedal, Jo

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