liu.seSök publikationer i DiVA
Ändra sökning
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Urks and the Urban Subsurface as Geosocial Formation
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-1592-9667
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Science, Technology and Human Values, ISSN 0162-2439, E-ISSN 1552-8251, Vol. 41, nr 5, s. 827-848Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This article investigates “urks”, i.e., disconnected parts of urban infrastructure that remain in their subsurface location. The reason for engaging in this topic is resource scarcity concerns, as urks contain large amounts of copper and aluminum that could be “mined” for the benefit of the environment.

Our starting point is that there is a certain non–stagnant capacity of waste–like entities such as urks and that their resistance to categorization is crucial to encapsulate their political potential (cf. Hawkins, 2006; Moore, 2012; Hird, 2013). We investigate how this indeterminate capacity has implications in terms of where future trajectories for urk recovery are conceivable.

The study is based on interviews with respondents from the infrastructure and waste sectors in Sweden. By stressing the relationship between urks and their geo–social subsurface surroundings, we use the respondents’ exploratory interpretations of urks to outline a spectrum of issues that should be further discussed for urks to become a matter of concern. The negotiation of these issues, we suggest, can be conceived of as a form of navigation along the perceived fault lines between actors and priorities, and they must be resolved for increased urk recovery to occur.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Sage Publications, 2016. Vol. 41, nr 5, s. 827-848
Nationell ämneskategori
Miljövetenskap Geovetenskap och miljövetenskap Miljö- och naturvårdsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-122760DOI: 10.1177/0162243916634866ISI: 000382579500003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-122760DiVA, id: diva2:872812
Anmärkning

The status of this article was previous Manuscript.

Funding agencies: Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning (FORMAS); Swedish Innovation Agency (VINNOVA); Aforsk Foundation

Tillgänglig från: 2015-11-20 Skapad: 2015-11-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-03-11Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. The Urk World: Hibernating Infrastructures and the Quest for Urban Mining
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The Urk World: Hibernating Infrastructures and the Quest for Urban Mining
2015 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Alternativ titel[sv]
Urkarnas Värld : Infrastrukturer i dvala och staden som resursbas
Abstract [en]

This PhD thesis concerns urban mining, an umbrella term for different recycling strategies aimed to recover materials from the built environment. More specifically, it focuses on hibernating urban infrastructures, that is: cables and pipes that have been left behind in their subsurface location after they were disconnected. I term this subsurface urban realm of system rejects the “Urk World”. “Urk” is short for “urkopplad”, the Swedish word for “disconnected”, an abbreviation often found on old infrastructure maps denoting discarded system parts. Since urks contain high concentrations of copper, my normative stance is that the Urk World should be “mined” as a contribution towards diminishing the persistently wasteful handling of mineral resources in society.

The thesis has three focus areas. The first of these discusses how the Urk World has emerged, that is: how the creation of urks is sustained in sociotechnical processes related to infrastructure’s provision. The second concerns the potential of urk mining, how much copper the Urk World contains, where these quantities are located and by which implications they could be recovered. The third focus area is devoted to the politics of urks, and is concerned with the political embeddedness of infrastructure and where politics might intervene for the sake of increased urk recovery.

Five papers complete the thesis. The first paper investigates how much copper, aluminium and steel there is in the Urk World of the Swedish city of Norrköping, and how these quantities are spatially dispersed in the urban environment. The second paper is based on interviews with system owners and repair crews, and investigates how urks come into existence in relation to three different infrastructural processes: maintenance, larger installation projects and shutdown. The third paper describes how environmental systems analysis can be beneficially coupled with theories and methods from the social sciences to create knowledge useful to aid the development of urk recycling schemes. The fourth article makes use of the inherent ambiguities of urks to investigate a spectrum of locations where politics aimed for increased urk recovery can intervene as well as what is at stake there. The fifth and final paper investigates urks in Linköping’s power grid in spatial and weight terms, and analyses the implications of urk recovery from several different viewpoints.

In overall terms, the major contribution of the thesis is how it improves the knowledge of societal stocks of materials, thereby giving an increased recognition of the built environment as a resource base. In overall scientific terms, it sets an example of how a coherent interdisciplinary research design can provide knowledge useful for the implementation of urk recycling schemes as well as for political decision–making for increased urk recovery.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2015. s. 99
Serie
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1720
Nyckelord
urban mining; infrastructure; material flow analysis; hibernating stocks; copper
Nationell ämneskategori
Samhällsvetenskap Annan naturresursteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-122758 (URN)10.3384/diss.diva-122758 (DOI)9789176859070 (ISBN)
Disputation
2015-12-11, ACAS, A-huset, Campus Valla, Linköping, 10:15 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Forskningsfinansiär
Forskningsrådet FormasVinnova
Tillgänglig från: 2015-11-20 Skapad: 2015-11-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-15Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

fulltext(189 kB)144 nedladdningar
Filinformation
Filnamn FULLTEXT01.pdfFilstorlek 189 kBChecksumma SHA-512
82bf8c15a001ea1d27915c62c25f2b0ceeb8224ffb4ed9f8ce6a4d5533dd0363a10ff7654b2ce1e0d95a242b11dd728719cdd031fc274274234af72d5bd2df52
Typ fulltextMimetyp application/pdf

Övriga länkar

Förlagets fulltext

Personposter BETA

Wallsten, BjörnKrook, Joakim

Sök vidare i DiVA

Av författaren/redaktören
Wallsten, BjörnKrook, Joakim
Av organisationen
Tema teknik och social förändringFilosofiska fakultetenIndustriell miljöteknikTekniska fakulteten
I samma tidskrift
Science, Technology and Human Values
MiljövetenskapGeovetenskap och miljövetenskapMiljö- och naturvårdsvetenskap

Sök vidare utanför DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Totalt: 144 nedladdningar
Antalet nedladdningar är summan av nedladdningar för alla fulltexter. Det kan inkludera t.ex tidigare versioner som nu inte längre är tillgängliga.

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetricpoäng

doi
urn-nbn
Totalt: 429 träffar
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf