The face you recognize may not be the one you saw: Memory conjunction errors in individuals with or without learning disability
Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research
Article in journal (Refereed)
Scandinavian Journal of Psychology(ISSN 0036-5564)
Face recognition, memory conjunction errors, learning disability
Memory conjunction errors, that is, when a combination of two previously presented stimuli is erroneously recognized as previously having been seen, were investigated in a face recognition task with drawings and photographs in 23 individuals with learning disability, and 18 chronologically age-matched controls without learning disability. Compared to the controls, individuals with learning disability committed significantly more conjunction errors, feature errors (one old and one new component), but had lower correct recognition, when the results were adjusted for different guessing levels. A dual-processing approach gained more support than a binding approach. However, neither of the approaches could explain all of the results. The results of the learning disability group were only partly related to non-verbal intelligence.
The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com:Henrik Danielsson, Jerker Rönnberg, Anna Levén, Jan Andersson, Karin Andersson and Björn Lyxell, The face you recognize may not be the one you saw: Memory conjunction errors in individuals with or without learning disability, 2006, Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, (47), 3, 177-186.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9450.2006.00505.xCopyright: Blackwell Publishing Ltdhttp://www.blackwellpublishing.com/