GAD-alum treatment in patients with type 1 diabetes and the subsequent effect on GADA IgG subclass distribution, GAD(65) enzyme activity and humoral response
Chéramy, Mikael Skoglund, Camilla Johansson, Ingela Ludvigsson, Johnny 2010 (English)In: Clinical Immunology, ISSN 1521-6616, E-ISSN 1521-7035, Vol. 137, no 1, 31-40Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We have previously shown that two injections of 20 mu g GAD-alum to recent onset type 1 diabetic children induced GADA levels in parallel to preservation of insulin secretion. Here we investigated if boosted GADA induced changes in IgG1, 2, 3 and 4 subclass distributions or affected GAD(65) enzyme activity. We further studied the specific effect of GAD-alum through analyses of IA-2A, tetanus toxoid and total IgE antibodies. Serum from children receiving GAD alum or placebo was collected pre-treatment and after 3, 9, 15 and 21 months. At 3 months a reduced percentage of IgG1 and increased IgG3/IgG4 were detected in GAD-alum treated. Further, IA-2A, IgE and tetanus toxoid antibodies, as well as GAD(65) enzyme activity, were unaffected confirming the specific effect of treatment. In the GAD-alum group, higher pretreatment GADA were associated to more pronounced C-peptide preservation. The induced IgG3/IgG4 and reduced IgG1 suggest a Th2 deviation of the immune response.
Immunotherapy, GAD(65), GAD-alum, GADA, Type 1 diabetes, T1D, IgG, IgG subclass
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-60511DOI: 10.1016/j.clim.2010.06.001ISI: 000282204900005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-60511DiVA: diva2:357044
Original Publication: Mikael Chéramy, Camilla Skoglund, Ingela Johansson, Johnny Ludvigsson, Christiane S Hampe and Rosaura Casas, GAD-alum treatment in patients with type 1 diabetes and the subsequent effect on GADA IgG subclass distribution, GAD(65) enzyme activity and humoral response, 2010, CLINICAL IMMUNOLOGY, (137), 1, 31-40. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clim.2010.06.001 Copyright: Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam http://www.elsevier.com/2010-10-152010-10-152013-09-12Bibliographically approved