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Risk Factors for Fatal Hyperglycaemia Confirmed by Forensic Postmortem Examination - A Nationwide Cohort in Sweden
Karolinska Institute, Sweden; MSD AB, Sweden.
National Board Forens Med, Department Forens Genet and Forens Toxicol, Linkoping, Sweden.
Karolinska Institute, Sweden; National Board Forens Med, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Local Health Care Services in West Östergötland, "Primary Health Care in Motala".
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2016 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, no 10, p. e0164950-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims/Hypothesis The aim of this study was to identify risk factors associated with confirmed fatal hyperglycaemia, which could predispose potentially preventable deaths in individuals on glucose lowering drugs. Methods A retrospective register-based case-control study conducted on a nationwide cohort with individuals who died due to hyperglycaemia as determined by forensic postmortem examination, in Sweden August 2006 to December 2012. Vitreous glucose was used to diagnose hyperglycaemia postmortem. The forensic findings stored in the National Forensic Medicine Database were linked to nationwide registers. Cases that died due to confirmed hyperglycemia with dispensed glucose lowering drugs were identified and living controls with dispensed glucose lowering drugs were randomly selected in the Swedish prescribed drug register and matched on age and sex. Information on comorbidities, dispensed pharmaceuticals, clinical data and socioeconomic factors were obtained for cases and controls. Adjusted multiple logistic regression models were used to identify risk factors associated with fatal hyperglycaemia. Results During the study period 322 individuals, mostly males (79%) with the mean age of 53.9 years (SD. +/- 14) died due to confirmed hyperglycaemia. Risk factors for fatal hyperglycaemia included; insulin treatment (OR = 4.40; 95% CI, 1.96, 9.85), poor glycaemic control (OR = 2.00 95% CI, 1.23, 3.27), inadequate refill-adherence before death (OR = 3.87; 95% CI, 1.99, 7.53), microvascular disease (OR = 3.26; 95% CI, 1.84, 5.79), psychiatric illness (OR = 2.30; 95% CI, 1.32, 4.01), substance abuse (OR = 8.85; 95% CI, 2.34, 35.0) and/or living alone (OR = 2.25; 95% CI, 1.21, 4.18). Conclusions/ Interpretation Our results demonstrate the importance of clinical attention to poor glycaemic control in subjects with psychosocial problems since it may indicate serious non-adherence, which consequently could lead to fatal hyperglycaemia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE , 2016. Vol. 11, no 10, p. e0164950-
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Forensic Science
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URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-132849DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0164950ISI: 000386205400040PubMedID: 27768720OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-132849DiVA, id: diva2:1052424
Available from: 2016-12-06 Created: 2016-11-30 Last updated: 2017-11-29

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Östgren, Carl Johan
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