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Towards Semantically Enabled Complex Event Processing
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap, Interaktiva och kognitiva system. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. (Division of Human-Centered Systems)ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0644-4051
2017 (engelsk)Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

The Semantic Web provides a framework for semantically annotating data on the web, and the Resource Description Framework (RDF) supports the integration of structured data represented in heterogeneous formats. Traditionally, the Semantic Web has focused primarily on more or less static data, but information on the web today is becoming increasingly dynamic. RDF Stream Processing (RSP) systems address this issue by adding support for streaming data and continuous query processing. To some extent, RSP systems can be used to perform complex event processing (CEP), where meaningful high-level events are generated based on low-level events from multiple sources; however, there are several challenges with respect to using RSP in this context. Event models designed to represent static event information lack several features required for CEP, and are typically not well suited for stream reasoning. The dynamic nature of streaming data also greatly complicates the development and validation of RSP queries. Therefore, reusing queries that have been prepared ahead of time is important to be able to support real-time decision-making. Additionally, there are limitations in existing RSP implementations in terms of both scalability and expressiveness, where some features required in CEP are not supported by any of the current systems. The goal of this thesis work has been to address some of these challenges and the main contributions of the thesis are: (1) an event model ontology targeted at supporting CEP; (2) a model for representing parameterized RSP queries as reusable templates; and (3) an architecture that allows RSP systems to be integrated for use in CEP. The proposed event model tackles issues specifically related to event modeling in CEP that have not been sufficiently covered by other event models, includes support for event encapsulation and event payloads, and can easily be extended to fit specific use-cases. The model for representing RSP query templates was designed as an extension to SPIN, a vocabulary that supports modeling of SPARQL queries as RDF. The extended model supports the current version of the RSP Query Language (RSP-QL) developed by the RDF Stream Processing Community Group, along with some of the most popular RSP query languages. Finally, the proposed architecture views RSP queries as individual event processing agents in a more general CEP framework. Additional event processing components can be integrated to provide support for operations that are not supported in RSP, or to provide more efficient processing for specific tasks. We demonstrate the architecture in implementations for scenarios related to traffic-incident monitoring, criminal-activity monitoring, and electronic healthcare monitoring.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2017. , s. 149
Serie
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1782
Emneord [en]
Semantic Web, RDF stream processing, Complex Event Processing, Event modeling, Query abstraction
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-141554DOI: 10.3384/lic.diva-141554ISBN: 9789176854792 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-141554DiVA, id: diva2:1145621
Presentation
2017-11-22, Alan Turing, Campus Valla, Linköping, 13:15 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-10-02 Laget: 2017-09-29 Sist oppdatert: 2019-10-12bibliografisk kontrollert

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Towards Semantically Enabled Complex Event Processing(4804 kB)367 nedlastinger
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