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Adolescents’ Friendships, Academic Achievement, and Risk Behaviors: Same-Behavior and Cross-Behavior Selection and Influence Processes
University of Groningen.
Pontifical Catholic University of Chile.
University of Michigan.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, The Institute for Analytical Sociology, IAS. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9097-0873
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2019 (English)In: Child Development, ISSN 0009-3920, E-ISSN 1467-8624, Vol. 90, no 2, p. E192-E211Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examined to what extent adolescents’ and their friends’ risk behaviors (i.e., delinquency and alcohol use) hinder or promote their academic achievement (grade point average [GPA]), and vice versa. Longitudinal data were used (N = 1,219 seventh- to ninth-grade adolescents; Mage = 13.69). Results showed that risk behaviors negatively affected adolescents’ GPA, whereas GPA protected against engaging in risk behaviors. Moreover, adolescents tended to select friends who have similar behaviors and friends’ behaviors became more similar over time (same-behavior selection and influence). Furthermore, although same-behavior effects seemed to dominate, evidence was found for some cross-behavior selection effects and a tendency in seventh grade for cross-behavior influence effects. Concluding, it is important to investigate the interplay between different behaviors with longitudinal social network analysis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc., 2019. Vol. 90, no 2, p. E192-E211
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-147687DOI: 10.1111/cdev.13045ISI: 000460664900002PubMedID: 29450883OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-147687DiVA, id: diva2:1204033
Note

Funding agencies: Dutch Scientific Organization (NWO) Program Council for Fundamental Scientific Education Research (PROO) [411-12-027]

Available from: 2018-05-05 Created: 2018-05-05 Last updated: 2019-04-01Bibliographically approved

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Steglich, Christian

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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