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Incidence of adverse events in Sweden during 2013-2016: a cohort study describing the implementation of a national trigger tool
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Drug Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care in Linköping.
Region Östergötland, Center for Business support and Development, Department of Health and Care Development.
Natl Board Hlth and Welf, Sweden.
Natl Board Hlth and Welf, Sweden.
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2018 (English)In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 8, no 3, article id e020833Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives To describe the implementation of a trigger tool in Sweden and present the national incidence of adverse events (AEs) over a 4-year period during which an ongoing national patient safety initiative was terminated. Design Cohort study using retrospective record review based on a trigger tool methodology. Setting and participants Patients amp;gt;= 18 years admitted to all somatic acute care hospitals in Sweden from 2013 to 2016 were randomised into the study. Primary and secondary outcome measures Primary outcome rneasure was the incidence of AEs, and secondary measures were type of injury, severity of harm, preventability of AEs, estimated healthcare cost of AEs and incidence of AEs in patients cared for in another type of unit than the one specialised for their medical needs (off-site). Results In a review of 64 917 admissions, the average AE rates in 2014 (11.6%), 2015(10.9%) and 2016 (11.4%) were significantly lower than in 2013 (13.1 %). The decrease in the AE rates was seen in different age groups, in both genders and for preventable and non-preventable AEs. The decrease comprised only the least severe AEs. The types of AEs that decreased were hospital-acquired infections, urinary bladder distention and compromised vital signs. Patients cared for off-site had 84% more preventable AEs than patients cared for in the appropriate units. The cost of increased length of stay associated with preventable AEs corresponded to 13%-14% of the total cost of somatic hospital care in Sweden. Conclusions The rate of AEs in Swedish somatic hospitals has decreased from 2013 to 2016. Retrospective record review can be used to monitor patient safety over time, to assess the effects of national patient safety interventions and analyse challenges to patient safety such as the increasing care of patients off-site. It was found that the economic burden of preventable AEs is high.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP , 2018. Vol. 8, no 3, article id e020833
National Category
Social and Clinical Pharmacy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-149391DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-020833ISI: 000433881200246PubMedID: 29602858OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-149391DiVA, id: diva2:1229717
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions

Available from: 2018-07-02 Created: 2018-07-02 Last updated: 2019-05-02

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Nilsson, LenaBorgstedt-Risberg, Madeleine
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Division of Drug ResearchFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesDepartment of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care in LinköpingDepartment of Health and Care Development
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