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Microstructure and thermoelectric properties of CrN and CrN/Cr2N thin films
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Rensselaer Polytech Inst, NY 12180 USA.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, ISSN 0022-3727, E-ISSN 1361-6463, Vol. 51, no 35, article id 355302Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

CrN thin films with an N/Cr ratio of 95% were deposited by reactive magnetron sputtering onto (0001) sapphire substrates. X-ray diffraction and pole figure texture analysis show CrN (111) epitaxial growth in a twin domain fashion. By changing the nitrogen versus argon gas flow mixture and the deposition temperature, thin films with different surface morphologies ranging from grainy rough textures to flat and smooth films were prepared. These parameters can also affect the CrN(x )system, with the film compound changing between semiconducting CrN and metallic Cr2N through the regulation of the nitrogen content of the gas flow and the deposition temperature at a constant deposition pressure. Thermoelectric measurements (electrical resistivity and Seebeck coefficient), scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy imaging confirm the changing electrical resistivity between 0.75 and 300 m omega cm, the changing Seebeck coefficient values between 140 and 230 mu VK-1, and the differences in surface morphology and microstructure as higher temperatures result in lower electrical resistivity while gas flow mixtures with higher nitrogen content result in single phase cubic CrN.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOP PUBLISHING LTD , 2018. Vol. 51, no 35, article id 355302
Keywords [en]
magnetron sputtering; thermoelectrics; chromium nitride; seebeck coefficient; thin films
National Category
Inorganic Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-150201DOI: 10.1088/1361-6463/aad2efISI: 000440718100002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-150201DiVA, id: diva2:1241095
Note

Funding Agencies|European Research Council under the European Community/ERC [335383]; Swedish Government Strategic Research Area in Materials Science on Functional Materials at Linkoping University [2009 00971]; Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research (SSF) through the Future Research Leaders 5 program; Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation under the Wallenberg Academy Fellows program; Swedish Research Council (VR) [2016-03365]; European Union; Danish Innovation Fund for the NanoCaTe project [604647]; Danish Innovation Fund for the CTEC project [1305-00002B]

Available from: 2018-08-22 Created: 2018-08-22 Last updated: 2018-09-11

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Gharavi, Mohammad AminKerdsongpanya, SitSchmidt, SusannEriksson, FredrikLu, JunLe Febvrier, ArnaudPallier, CamilleEklund, Per
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