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Effect of skin-to-skin contact on parents sleep quality, mood, parent-infant interaction and cortisol concentrations in neonatal care units: study protocol of a randomised controlled trial
Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Nursing Science. Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Region Östergötland, Center of Paediatrics and Gynaecology and Obstetrics, H.K.H. Kronprinsessan Victorias barn- och ungdomssjukhus. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
Department of Women’s and Children’s Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Center of Paediatrics and Gynaecology and Obstetrics, H.K.H. Kronprinsessan Victorias barn- och ungdomssjukhus. Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine.
Department of Pediatrics and Centre for Health Care Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
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2018 (English)In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 8, no 7, article id e021606Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction Separation after preterm birth is a major stressor for infants and parents. Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) is a method of care suitable to use in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to minimise separation between parents and infants. Less separation leads to increased possibilities for parent-infant interaction, provided that the parents’ sleep quality is satisfactory. We aimed to evaluate the effect of continuous SSC on sleep quality and mood in parents of preterm infants born <33 weeks of gestation as well as the quality of parent-infant interaction and salivary cortisol concentrations at the time of discharge.

Methods and analysis A randomised intervention study with two arms—intervention versus standard care. Data will be collected from 50 families. Eligible families will be randomly allocated to intervention or standard care when transferred from the intensive care room to the family-room in the NICU. The intervention consists of continuous SSC for four consecutive days and nights in the family-room. Data will be collected every day during the intervention and again at the time of discharge from the hospital. Outcome measures comprise activity tracker (Actigraph); validated self-rated questionnaires concerning sleep, mood and bonding; observed scorings of parental sensitivity and emotional availability and salivary cortisol. Data will be analysed with pairwise, repeated measures, Mann Whitney U-test will be used to compare groups and analysis of variance will be used to adjust for different hospitals and parents’ gender.

Ethics and dissemination The study is approved by the Regional Research Ethics Board at an appropriate university (2016/89–31). The results will be published in scientific journals. We will also use conferences and social media to disseminate our findings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2018. Vol. 8, no 7, article id e021606
Keywords [en]
attachment; bonding; kangaroo mother care; neonata care; sleep; Stress
National Category
Pediatrics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-152093DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-021606ISI: 000446181900144PubMedID: 30068615Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85053045224OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-152093DiVA, id: diva2:1256650
Note

Funding Agencies|County Council of Ostergotland [LIO-720151, LIO-663781]; Medical Research of Southeast Sweden [FORSS-661721]

Available from: 2018-10-17 Created: 2018-10-17 Last updated: 2019-05-02Bibliographically approved

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Angelhoff, CharlotteSahlén Helmer, Charlotte

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Division of Nursing ScienceDepartment of Clinical and Experimental MedicineH.K.H. Kronprinsessan Victorias barn- och ungdomssjukhusFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesPsychologyFaculty of Arts and Sciences
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