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Authors, Inventors and Entrepreneurs: Intellectual Property and Actors of Extraction
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för studier av samhällsutveckling och kultur, Tema Kultur och samhälle – Tema Q. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-3309-3840
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Open Cultural Studies, ISSN 2451-3474, Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 319-329Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The ideas and ideals of authorship and the discourse on property rights that emerged in parallelsince the 18th century have come to form the bedrock of copyright law. Critical copyright scholars arguethat this construction of authorship and ownership contributes to individualisation and privatisationof artistic works that disregards the collective aspects of creativity. It also embodies a certain kind ofauthorial character—or “author function” as Michel Foucault puts it—imbued with racial and genderedpowers and privileges. While the gendered and racialised biases of intellectual property rights are welldocumented within copyright research, the commodification of ideas and cultural expressions relies onindividualisation of creativity that is significant not only to the cultural economy but also to the 20th-centurynotion of the entrepreneur as the protagonist of capitalism. This article relates the idea of the entrepreneurto the deconstruction of authorship that was initiated by Foucault and Roland Barthes in the late 1960s,and the critique of an author-centred IPR regime developed by law scholars in the 1990s. It asks if and howthe deconstruction of the author as a cultural and ideological persona that underpins the privatisationof immaterial resources can help us understand the construction and function of the entrepreneur inextractive capitalism.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
De Gruyter Open, 2018. Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 319-329
Nyckelord [en]
Intellectual Property, Copyright; Authorship, Entrepreneurship, Gender, Colonialism
Nationell ämneskategori
Kulturstudier
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-152786DOI: 10.1515/culture-2018-0029OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-152786DiVA, id: diva2:1265016
Projekt
Commons and Commodities: Knowledge, Natural Resources and the Construction of Property
Forskningsfinansiär
Vetenskapsrådet, E0633901Tillgänglig från: 2018-11-22 Skapad: 2018-11-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-11-22

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Förlagets fulltexthttps://www.degruyter.com/downloadpdf/j/culture.2018.2.issue-1/culture-2018-0029/culture-2018-0029.pdf

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Fredriksson, Martin
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Tema Kultur och samhälle – Tema QFilosofiska fakulteten
Kulturstudier

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