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Bullying and its association with altruism toward victims, blaming the victims, and classroom prevalence of bystander behaviors: a multilevel analysis
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education, Teaching and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9233-3862
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6590-3847
2018 (English)In: Social Psychology of Education, ISSN 1381-2890, E-ISSN 1573-1928, Vol. 21, no 5, p. 1133-1151Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

With reference to social-ecological, self-determination, attributional, and social cognitive theories, the current study examined whether gender, age, altruistic motivation to defend victims, and tendency to blame the victims, at the individual level, and the prevalence of reinforcing and defending, at the classroom level, were associated with bullying. A sample of 901 Swedish students (9-13years old, M=11.00, SD=.83) from 43 classrooms filled out a questionnaire. Multilevel regression analyses revealed that the perpetration of bullying was positively associated with the prevalence of reinforcing at the classroom level and blaming the victims at the individual level, whereas it was negatively associated with altruistic motivation to defend victims of bullying at the individual level. Furthermore, students with high altruistic motivation to defend victims of bullying were less inclined to bully, independent of the classroom level of reinforcing. The current study suggests that bullying prevention and intervention programs should: explicitly target bystander behaviors, in particular to reduce the prevalence of reinforcing bullying; include efforts to strengthen altruistic self-concept and motivation to defend victims; and prevent, challenge, and counteract tendencies among students to blame the victim.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Netherlands, 2018. Vol. 21, no 5, p. 1133-1151
Keywords [en]
Bullying; Altruism; Blaming the victim; Bystander; Reinforcing
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-153390DOI: 10.1007/s11218-018-9457-7ISI: 000450589900007Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85050996544OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-153390DiVA, id: diva2:1271508
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council [D0775301]

Available from: 2018-12-17 Created: 2018-12-17 Last updated: 2019-03-22Bibliographically approved

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Wänström, Linda

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Thornberg, RobertWänström, Linda
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