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Traumatic experiences and dissociation in a non-clinical group of university students in Ecuador: a cross-sectional study
Institute of Tropical Medicine and International Health, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Berlin, Germany.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2104-4673
Universidad Central del Ecuador, Instituto de Investigación y Postgrado, Facultad de Sciencias Médicas, Quito, Ecuador.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7384-3138
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Region Östergötland, Local Health Care Services in Central Östergötland, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in Linköping.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7796-0873
2018 (English)In: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health, ISSN 1728-0583, E-ISSN 1728-0591, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 191-202Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: In Ecuador, as in most Latin American countries, scientific research on trauma and dissociation is scarce. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of potentially traumatic experiences and dissociative symptoms in adolescents and young adults who were students at the Central University in Quito, Ecuador.

Methods: A cross-sectional study in which 144 students completed a self-administrated questionnaire consisting of Linköping Youth Life Experience Scale (LYLES), Adolescent-Dissociation Experience Scale (A-DES ) and background variables. Data collection was conducted in autumn 2012. Standard multiple regression analysis was used to analyse the data.

Results: All students reported a history of a minimum of five potentially traumatic experiences with a mean of 14.8. Eight participants (5.6%) scored above 3.7 on the Adolescent-Dissociation Experience Scale, which is considered clinically significant dissociation. No correlation was found between high scores on LYLES and A-DES.

Conclusions: The prevalence of potentially traumatic experiences in the study population is very high compared to studies conducted in high-income settings. The low prevalence of dissociation suggests high resilience in the study population but more research on morbidity is needed to draw conclusions about mental health outcomes. Further research should include study populations in less advantageous contexts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018. Vol. 30, no 3, p. 191-202
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-153571DOI: 10.2989/17280583.2018.1553780ISI: 000453867100004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85058968241OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-153571DiVA, id: diva2:1272862
Available from: 2018-12-20 Created: 2018-12-20 Last updated: 2019-01-09Bibliographically approved

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Nilsson, Doris

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Eckhardt, AnnaAguilar Zambrano, EnriqueNilsson, Doris
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PsychologyFaculty of Arts and SciencesDepartment of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in Linköping
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Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

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