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Deactivation of default mode network during touch
Tech Univ Dresden, Germany.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Centrum för social och affektiv neurovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Centrum för social och affektiv neurovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Centrum för social och affektiv neurovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
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2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 9, artikel-id 1293Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Interpersonal touch possesses a strong affective component, which immediately evokes attention. The neural processing of such touch is moderated by specialized C-tactile nerve fibers in the periphery and results in central activation of somatosensory areas as well as regions involved in social processing, such as the superior temporal gyrus (STG). In the present functional neuroimaging investigation, we tested the hypothesis that the attention grasping effect of interpersonal touch as compared to impersonal touch is reflected in a more-pronounced deactivation of the default mode network (DMN). Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we investigated the neural processing of interpersonal relative to impersonal touch conditions that were furthermore modulated by stroking velocity in order to target c-tactile nerve fibers to a different extent. A sample of 30 healthy participants (19 women, mean age 40.5 years) was investigated. In the impersonal touch, participants were stroked with a brush on the forearm. In the interpersonal touch condition, the experimenter performed the stroking with the palm of his hand. Interpersonal touch was rated as more pleasant and intense than impersonal touch and led to a stronger blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) signal increase in the somatosensory cortex SII extending to the superior temporal cortex. Over all touch conditions, this activation was coupled in time to the deactivation of prominent nodes of the DMN. Although deactivation of the DMN was most pronounced for interpersonal touch conditions, the direct comparison did not show significant differences in DMN deactivation between interpersonal and impersonal touch or between different stroking velocities. We therefore conclude that all applied touch conditions deactivate the DMN and the strong connection to areas which code the contextual and social characteristics of affective touch may explain the attention grasping effect of touch.

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NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP , 2019. Vol. 9, artikel-id 1293
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URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-154556DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-37597-1ISI: 000457616300181PubMedID: 30718842OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-154556DiVA, id: diva2:1290515
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Funding Agencies|Graduate Academy of TU Dresden; German Academic Exchange Service within the frame of the IPID4all program; Excellence Initiative by the German Federal Government; Excellence Initiative by the German State Government

Tillgänglig från: 2019-02-20 Skapad: 2019-02-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-03-26

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