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Aesthetic perceptions and psychosocial impact of malocclusion: comparison between cleft and non-cleft patients and their parents
IDST, India.
Govt Dent Coll, India.
IDST, India.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Surgery, Orthopedics and Oncology. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Maxillofacial Unit.
2019 (English)In: European Journal of Orthodontics, ISSN 0141-5387, E-ISSN 1460-2210, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 38-45Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective To evaluate the influence of dentofacial attractiveness using the Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire (PIDAQ), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) and Aesthetic Component (AC) of the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) in patients with cleft lip/palate (CLP), and non-cleft orthodontic patients (Non-CLP) and their parents. Materials and methods Eighty patients (aged 11-19 years) comprising 40 CLP and 40 non-CLP were administered the PIDAQ and SWLS questionnaires to be rated individually by the patients, along with IOTN-AC rated by the patients and their parents, respectively. The subjects were also sub-divided according to their age, i.e. pre-adolescent and adolescent. Results The PIDAQ subpart scores for aesthetic concern differed between the two groups, with a significantly (P amp;lt; 0.02) lower scoring for the CLP group. The adolescent CLP group scored more negatively than the pre-adolescent group in the dental self-confidence and social impact sub-parts of PIDAQ. No significant differences were observed for satisfaction with life. The parents IOTN-AC score for both groups was significant (P amp;lt; 0.05) greater than the patients score, especially for adolescent subjects. Limitations Non-condition specific questionnaires with restrictive sampling sizing and non-inclusion of parameters like stress coping mechanism etc. Conclusion The parents rated the malocclusion of their child more critically than the child itself. A majority of the CLP group had a problem in identifying themselves using the IOTN-AC as no photo existed depicting a Class III or edge-to-edge malocclusion. Attitudes, especially perceptions of the aesthetics of front teeth, are crucial factors influencing patients psychological self-concept, social confidence, and treatment need in CLP patients and non-CLP patients, having more relevance as the patient matures towards adolescence and adulthood.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
OXFORD UNIV PRESS , 2019. Vol. 41, no 1, p. 38-45
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-155576DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjy022ISI: 000460616900005PubMedID: 29912312OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-155576DiVA, id: diva2:1297926
Available from: 2019-03-21 Created: 2019-03-21 Last updated: 2019-03-21

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Marcusson, Agneta
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Division of Surgery, Orthopedics and OncologyFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesMaxillofacial Unit
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