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Adaptive individual variation in phenological responses to perceived predation levels
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Max Planck Inst Ornithol, Germany.
Ludwig Maximilians Univ Munchen, Germany.
2019 (English)In: Nature Communications, ISSN 2041-1723, E-ISSN 2041-1723, Vol. 10, article id 1601Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The adaptive evolution of timing of breeding (a component of phenology) in response to environmental change requires individual variation in phenotypic plasticity for selection to act upon. A major question is what processes generate this variation. Here we apply multi-year manipulations of perceived predation levels (PPL) in an avian predator-prey system, identifying phenotypic plasticity in phenology as a key component of alternative behavioral strategies with equal fitness payoffs. We show that under low-PPL, faster (versus slower) exploring birds breed late (versus early); the pattern is reversed under high-PPL, with breeding synchrony decreasing in conjunction. Timing of breeding affects reproductive success, yet behavioral types have equal fitness. The existence of alternative behavioral strategies thus explains variation in phenology and plasticity in reproductive behavior, which has implications for evolution in response to anthropogenic change.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP , 2019. Vol. 10, article id 1601
National Category
Evolutionary Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-156555DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-09138-5ISI: 000463695400016PubMedID: 30962485OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-156555DiVA, id: diva2:1315881
Note

Funding Agencies|Max Planck Society; German Science Foundation [DI 1694/1-1]

Available from: 2019-05-15 Created: 2019-05-15 Last updated: 2019-05-15

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  • nn-NB
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