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Associations between pain thresholds for heat, cold and pressure, and Pain Sensitivity Questionnaire scores in healthy women and in women with persistent pelvic pain
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Center of Paediatrics and Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics in Norrköping.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4086-4634
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Pain and Rehabilitation Center.
Aalborg Univ, Denmark.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Pain and Rehabilitation Center.
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2019 (English)In: European Journal of Pain, ISSN 1090-3801, E-ISSN 1532-2149, Vol. 23, no 9, p. 1631-1639Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

The Pain Sensitivity Questionnaire (PSQ) is a self‐rating instrument developed as a time‐ and cost‐saving alternative to quantitative sensory testing (QST). The aims of the study were to assess (a) the associations between PSQ scores and QST in women with persistent pelvic pain and in pain‐free controls and (b) to what extent demographic variables and psychological distress influenced PSQ scores.

Methods

Fifty‐five healthy women and 37 women with persistent pelvic pain participated. All filled in the PSQ and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and had QST (heat, cold and pressure pain thresholds) performed on six locations on the body. Information on age, body mass index, smoking habits and pain duration were collected. Principal component analysis and orthogonal partial least square regressions were used.

Results

The patients scored significantly higher on PSQ than the controls. Significant multivariate correlations between pain thresholds and PSQ scores were found only in the patient group. In the patient group, the heat and cold pain thresholds correlated more strongly with PSQ scores than the pressure pain threshold.

Conclusions

The PSQ score was significantly higher in pelvic pain patients, and correlations between QSTs and the PSQ were only found for patients.

Significance

The PSQ reflects pain sensitivity in women with PPP and can be used as a non‐invasive and painless way to assess this condition in clinical practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2019. Vol. 23, no 9, p. 1631-1639
National Category
Physiotherapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-158927DOI: 10.1002/ejp.1439ISI: 000473899400001PubMedID: 31192501Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85068534469OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-158927DiVA, id: diva2:1338056
Note

Funding Agencies|Medical Research Council of Southeast Sweden; Swedish Research Council; County council of Ostergotland; Linkoping University; IMI Paincare

Available from: 2019-07-19 Created: 2019-07-19 Last updated: 2020-04-08Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

The full text will be freely available from 2020-06-13 15:39
Available from 2020-06-13 15:39

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Grundström, Hanna

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Grundström, HannaLarsson, BrittGerdle, BjörnKjölhede, Preben
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Division of Nursing ScienceFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesDepartment of Gynaecology and Obstetrics in NorrköpingDivision of Community MedicinePain and Rehabilitation CenterDivision of Children's and Women's healthDepartment of Gynaecology and Obstetrics in Linköping
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European Journal of Pain
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