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Sustainable effect of individualised sun protection advice on sun protection behaviour: a 10-year follow-up of a randomised controlled study in primary care.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för fysioterapi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för cellbiologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Hudkliniken i Östergötland.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Primärvårdscentrum, Vårdcentralen Kärna, Linköping.
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: BJGP open, ISSN 2398-3795, Vol. 3, nr 3, artikkel-id bjgpopen19X101653Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: In the light of increasing skin cancer incidences worldwide, preventive measures to promote sun protection in individuals with risky sun habits have continued relevance and importance.

AIM: To report the long-term effect of individualised sun protection advice given in primary health care (PHC), on sun habits and sun protection behaviour.

DESIGN & SETTING: In 2005, 309 PHC patients were enrolled in a randomised controlled study performed in a Swedish PHC setting.

METHOD: At baseline, the study participants completed a Likert scale-based questionnaire, mapping sun habits, propensity to increase sun protection, and attitudes towards sun exposure, followed by randomisation into three intervention groups, all receiving individualised sun protection advice: in Group 1 (n = 116) by means of a letter, and in Group 2 (n = 97) and 3 (n = 96) communicated personally by a GP. In Group 3, participants also underwent a skin ultraviolet-sensitivity phototest, with adjusted sun protection advice based on the result. A repeated questionnaire was administered after 3 and 10 years.

RESULTS: Statistically significant declines were observed in all groups for sun exposure mean scores over time. When using a cumulative score, according to the Sun Exposure and Protection Index (SEPI), significantly greater decrease in SEPI mean score was observed in Groups 2 and 3 (GP), compared to Group 1 (letter); P<0.01. The addition of a phototest did not enhance the effect of the intervention.

CONCLUSION: Individualised sun protection advice mediated verbally by the GP can lead to sustained improvement of sun protective behaviour.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
London, United Kingdom: Royal College of General Practitioners , 2019. Vol. 3, nr 3, artikkel-id bjgpopen19X101653
Emneord [en]
Primary Health Care, Primary prevention, Questionnaire, Randomized controlled trial, Skin cancers, Ultraviolet exposure
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-161698DOI: 10.3399/bjgpopen19X101653PubMedID: 31344682OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-161698DiVA, id: diva2:1368351
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-11-06 Laget: 2019-11-06 Sist oppdatert: 2019-12-13bibliografisk kontrollert

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Magnusson, HenrikGuorgis, GhassanAnderson, Chris DFalk, Magnus

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