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Polarons in pi-conjugated ladder-type polymers: a broken symmetry density functional description
Univ Cologne, Germany.
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Laboratoriet för organisk elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7016-6514
Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Laboratoriet för organisk elektronik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-3091-1051
Univ Cologne, Germany.
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2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Materials Chemistry C, ISSN 2050-7526, E-ISSN 2050-7534, Vol. 7, nr 41, s. 12876-12885Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Electronic charged states (i.e., polarons) play a crucial role in governing charge transfer, spin, thermo-electric and redox mechanisms in organic functional materials. An accurate description at the quantum-chemical level is mandatory to understand their response and transport properties. We report a comprehensive computational investigation concerning the polaron properties of a high electron conductivity (n-type) pi-conjugated ladder-type polymer, namely polybenzimidazobenzophenanthroline (BBL). We show how spin polarized unrestricted Density Functional Theory (UDFT) and restricted (RDFT) methods can lead to solutions of the polaron and bipolaron electronic wavefunctions which are not the most stable ones. This aspect can be traced back to the multiconfigurational character of the electronic charged states wavefunction. We demonstrate how broken symmetry DFT (BS-UDFT) can circumvent this issue, well describing the polaron/bipolaron localization in terms of spin densities and structural deformations, thus providing a correct assessment of the electron transport parameters (e.g., reorganization energy), otherwise incorrectly computed at the UDFT/RDFT levels. Our calculations are further validated by comparing the IR spectra of polaronic species with the experimental one, as measured on doped BBL films. Our study calls for an urgent and careful computational assessment of the electronic charged states (e.g., polaron, bipolaron, etc.), in high performance pi-conjugated materials, such as ladder-type polymers and other donor-acceptor derivatives, for a correct understanding of their charge, heat, and spin transport mechanisms.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY , 2019. Vol. 7, nr 41, s. 12876-12885
Nationell ämneskategori
Materialkemi
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URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-162048DOI: 10.1039/c9tc03283eISI: 000492990000009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-162048DiVA, id: diva2:1371383
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Funding Agencies|Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)German Research Foundation (DFG) [FA 1502/1-1]; Finnish Cultural FoundationFinnish Cultural Foundation; Finnish Foundation for Technology Promotion; Swedish Research CouncilSwedish Research Council [2016-03979]; Advanced Functional Materials Center at Linkoping University [2009-00971]; AForsk [18-313]

Tillgänglig från: 2019-11-19 Skapad: 2019-11-19 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-19

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Fabiano, SimoneRuoko, Tero-Petri
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Laboratoriet för organisk elektronikTekniska fakulteten
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Journal of Materials Chemistry C
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