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Pricing commercial train path requests based on societal costs
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Communications and Transport Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. VTI. (Public transportation and railway)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9535-0617
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Communications and Transport Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
2020 (English)In: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, ISSN 0965-8564, E-ISSN 1879-2375, Vol. 132, p. 452-464Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

On deregulated railway markets, efficient capacity allocation is important. We study the case where commercial trains and publicly controlled traffic (“commuter trains”) use the same railway infrastructure and hence compete for capacity. We develop a method that can be used by an infrastructure manager trying to allocate capacity in a socially efficient way. The method calculates the loss of societal benefits incurred by changing the commuter train timetable to accommodate a commercial train path request, and based on this calculates a reservation price for the train path request. If the commercial operator’s willingness-to-pay for the train path exceeds the loss of societal benefits, its request is approved. The calculation of these benefits takes into account changes in commuter train passengers’ travel times, waiting times, transfers and crowding, and changes in operating costs for the commuter train operator(s). The method is implemented in a microscopic simulation program, which makes it possible to test the robustness and feasibility of timetable alternatives. We show that the method is possible to apply in practice by demonstrating it in a case study from Stockholm, illustrating the magnitudes of the resulting commercial train path prices. We conclude that marginal societal costs of railway capacity in Stockholm are considerably higher than the current track access charges.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020. Vol. 132, p. 452-464
Keywords [en]
Train timetables, Train conflicts, Capacity pricing, Railway capacity, Capacity allocation
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-162784DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2019.12.005ISI: 000514014700030Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85076736383OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-162784DiVA, id: diva2:1380191
Projects
SamEff
Note

Funding agencies:  Swedish Transport Administration (Trafikverket) [Samhallsekonomiskt effektiv tilldelning av kapacitet pa jarnvagar]

Available from: 2019-12-18 Created: 2019-12-18 Last updated: 2020-03-09Bibliographically approved

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Ait Ali, AbderrahmanEliasson, Jonas

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
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