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Lifetime history of sexual and physical abuse among competitive athletics (track and field) athletes: cross sectional study of associations with sports and non-sports injury
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Center for Business support and Development, Department of Health and Care Development.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6049-5402
Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
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2019 (English)In: British Journal of Sports Medicine, ISSN 0306-3674, E-ISSN 1473-0480, Vol. 53, no 22, p. 1412-1417Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective To examine associations between lifetime sexual and physical abuse, and the likelihood of injury within and outside sport in athletes involved in competitive athletics.

Methods A cross sectional study was performed among the top 10 Swedish athletics athletes using 1 year prevalence of sports and non-sports injuries as the primary outcome measure. Associations with sociodemographic characteristics, lifetime abuse history and training load were investigated. Data were analysed using simple and multiple logistic regression models.

Results 11% of 197 participating athletes reported lifetime sexual abuse; there was a higher proportion of women (16.2%) than men (4.3%) (P=0.005). 18% reported lifetime physical abuse; there was a higher proportion of men (22.8%) than women (14.3%) (P=0.050). For women, lifetime sexual abuse was associated with an increased likelihood of a non-sports injury (OR 8.78, CI 2.76 to 27.93; P<0.001). Among men, increased likelihood of a non-sports injury was associated with more frequent use of alcoholic beverages (OR 6.47, CI 1.49 to 28.07; P=0.013), while commencing athletics training at >13 years of age was associated with a lower likelihood of non-sports injury (OR 0.09, CI 0.01 to 0.81; P=0.032). Lifetime physical abuse was associated with a higher likelihood of sports injury in women (OR 12.37, CI 1.52 to 100.37; P=0.019). Among men, athletes with each parents with ≤12 years formal education had a lower likelihood of sustaining an injury during their sports practice (OR 0.37, CI 0.14 to 0.96; P=0.040).

Conclusions Lifetime sexual and physical abuse were associated with an increased likelihood of injury among female athletes. Emotional factors should be included in the comprehension of injuries sustained by athletes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2019. Vol. 53, no 22, p. 1412-1417
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-162759DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2018-099335ISI: 000498577100010PubMedID: 30190298Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85053122292OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-162759DiVA, id: diva2:1380360
Available from: 2019-12-18 Created: 2019-12-18 Last updated: 2020-04-30Bibliographically approved

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Spreco, Armin

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Timpka, ToomasJacobsson, JennyDahlström, ÖrjanSpreco, ArminKowalski, JanBargoria, VictorSvedin, Carl Göran
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Division of Community MedicineFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesDepartment of Health and Care DevelopmentPsychologyFaculty of Arts and SciencesThe Swedish Institute for Disability ResearchDivision of Health Care AnalysisDepartment of Medical and Health SciencesBarnafridDepartment of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in Linköping
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