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Maintaining motivation and health among recreational runners: Panel study of factors associated with self-rated performance outcomes at competitions
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Center for Surgery, Orthopaedics and Cancer Treatment, Department of Orthopaedics in Linköping. (Athletics Research Center)
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Surgery, Orthopedics and Oncology. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Center for Surgery, Orthopaedics and Cancer Treatment, Department of Orthopaedics in Linköping. (Athletics Research Center)
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. (Athletics Research Center)
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Health Care Analysis. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Operations management Region Östergötland, Research and Development Unit. (Athletics Research Center)
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, ISSN 1440-2440, E-ISSN 1878-1861, Vol. 22, no 12, p. 1319-1323Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: To investigate health-related factors associated with self-rated race performance outcomes among recreational long-distance runners. Design: Panel study. Methods: Data were collected from runners one month before and after a community-level race event including distances from 8 to 42.2 km. The primary outcome measure was self-rated race performance outcome. The explanatory variables represented health complaints suffered during the build-up year, the pre-race month, and the race and among full marathon runners predicted objective performance outcome (mean pace equal to training pace or faster). Multiple logistic regression was used to determine factors associated with the self-rated performance outcome. Results: Two-hundred forty-five runners (29%) provided complete data sets. Seventy-four percent of the runners reached their desired race performance outcome. Achievement of the performance outcome was more likely when having avoided illness during the build-up and pre-race periods (OR = 3.8; 95% CI:1.8-8.0, p amp;lt; 0.001), having avoided per-race injury (OR=3.0; 95% CI:1.2-7.4, p = 0.02) and avoided perrace illness (OR= 4.1; 95% CI:1.3-15, p = 0.020). Having obtained the self-rated performance outcome was also associated with running a shorter distance (OR=3.6; 95% CI: 1.7-8.0,p = 0.001) and being younger than 50 years of age (OR= 2.4; 95% CI:1.1-5.3-8.3, p = 0.03). Having met the predicted objective performance outcome predisposed marathon runners to also obtain the self-rated performance outcome (OR= 4.7, 95% CI: 1.5-16, p amp;lt; 0.01). Conclusions: Having avoided illness during build-up and pre-race was positively associated with self-rated race performance outcome among recreational runners. Adjusting the desired performance outcomes with regard to recent illness and age may help recreational runners to more often achieve their goals and thereby prevent them from leaving the sport. (C) 2019 Sports Medicine Australia. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCI LTD , 2019. Vol. 22, no 12, p. 1319-1323
Keywords [en]
Running; Injury; Illness; Health; Training
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-162878DOI: 10.1016/j.jsams.2019.07.004ISI: 000500834200009PubMedID: 31383548OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-162878DiVA, id: diva2:1382258
Note

Funding Agencies|Medical Research Council of Southeast Sweden [FORSS-655801]

Available from: 2020-01-02 Created: 2020-01-02 Last updated: 2020-04-30

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Timpka, Toomas

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Gauffin, HåkanTillander, BoDahlström, ÖrjanLyth, JohanRaysmith, BenJacobsson, JennyTimpka, Toomas
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Division of Community MedicineFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesDepartment of Orthopaedics in LinköpingDivision of Surgery, Orthopedics and OncologyPsychologyFaculty of Arts and SciencesDivision of Health Care AnalysisResearch and Development UnitDepartment of Health and Care Development
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Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
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