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Vem var Sveriges första logoped?: Sven Wedins yrkesliv i förhållande till logopedyrkets professionaliseringsprocess samt utvecklingen av röstbehandling i Sverige
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Speech language pathology, Audiology and Otorhinolaryngology.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Speech language pathology, Audiology and Otorhinolaryngology.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Who Was Sweden’s First Speech-Language Pathologist? : Sven Wedin’s working life in relation to the professionalization of speech-language pathologists and the development of voice treatment in Sweden (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Sven Wedin kan betraktas som Sveriges första logoped och var speciellt intresserad av röstproduktion och röstbehandling. Efter hans bortgång skänktes hans skriftliga kvarlevor till Linköpings universitet och ligger till grund för föreliggande arbete. Detta arbete skildrar på vilket sätt Sven Wedin har bidragit till logopedins historia i Sverige, både i stort och mer specifikt gällande röstbehandling. Detta kan, i sin tur, bidra till en överblick av logopedyrkets professionaliseringsprocess utifrån ett historiskt perspektiv.

Syfte: Att beskriva och analysera efterlämnat historiskt material av logoped Sven Wedin. Frågeställningarna var: Hur har professionaliseringen av logopedyrket sett ut i Sverige? Hur har röstbehandlingen utvecklats i Sverige?

Metod: Utifrån en kvalitativ analysmetod har Sven Wedins material sorterats, kategoriserats, beskrivits och analyserats.

Resultat: Flertalet yrkesgrupper har under första hälften av 1900-talet utfört röstbehandling. Foniatrer, som till en början utförde röstbehandling, utbildade ofta sina egna terapeuter då det ännu inte fanns någon formell utbildning för detta ändamål. Sven Wedin utbildade sig till logoped i USA på 1950-talet och verkade sedan under sitt yrkesliv till största del i Norrland där han bland annat startade talvårdscentralen i Boden, anordnade utbildningar med inriktning mot röst- och talvård och bedrev forskning.

Slutsats: Sven Wedin har inverkat på logopedyrkets professionaliseringsprocess genom att bedriva såväl utbildning som forskning inom logopediska områden. Sannolikt var Sven Wedin Sveriges första logoped, men behandling av logopedisk karaktär hade utförts i Sverige redan i början av 1900-talet. Sven Wedin bidrog även till att göra röstbehandlingen effektiv genom att skapa nya behandlingsmetoder.

Abstract [en]

Background: Sven Wedin, who was particularly interested in voice production and voice treatment, may be considered Sweden’s first speech-language pathologist. His remnants were donated to the university of Linköping after his passing. These remnants constitute the foundation for this study. This study aims to describe in what way Sven Wedin has contributed to the development of speech-language pathology in Sweden, both at large and regarding voice treatment. This can, in turn, contribute to the overview of the professionalization of speechlanguage pathologists from a historical perspective.

Objective: To describe and analyze historical remnants of speech-language pathologist Sven Wedin. The research questions were: What has the professionalization of speech-language pathologists in Sweden looked like? In what way has voice treatment developed in Sweden?

Methods: A qualitative method was used to sort out, categorize, describe and analyze the remnants of Sven Wedin.

Results: During the first half of the 20th century several professions practiced voice and speech training. Phoniatricians often trained their own therapists for these tasks due to the lack of a formal education of speech-language pathologists. Sven Wedin received a degree in speech-language pathology in the United States in the 1950’s. He later spent his professional life operating in the northern part of Sweden where he established a speech clinic, organized training courses on the subject of voice and speech training and did research.

Conclusion: Sven Wedin has contributed to the professionalization of speech-language pathologists by both educating and carrying out research on the subject. It is reasonable to assume that Sven Wedin was the first Swedish speech-language pathologist, however voice and speech training as such had been practiced in Sweden since the beginning of the 20th century. Sven Wedin also contributed to the efficiency of voice treatment by creating new methods of treatment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. , p. 32
Keywords [en]
Sven Wedin, speech-language pathology, professionalization, voice treatment, history
Keywords [sv]
Sven Wedin, logopedi, professionalisering, röstbehandling, historia
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-162898OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-162898DiVA, id: diva2:1382402
Subject / course
Bachelor thesis in Speech and Language Pathology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-01-03 Created: 2020-01-02 Last updated: 2020-01-07Bibliographically approved

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