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Lonesome no more?: A two-year follow-up of internet-administered cognitive behavioral therapy for loneliness
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
UCL Great Ormond St Inst Child Hlth, England.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology. Karolinska Inst, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4753-6745
2020 (English)In: Internet Interventions, ISSN 2214-7829, INTERNET INTERVENTIONS-THE APPLICATION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN MENTAL AND BEHAVIOURAL HEALTH, Vol. 19, article id 100301Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The current study sought to investigate the long-term effects of an internet-administered programme based on CBT principles for which the initial efficacy has been reported in Kall, Jagholm, et al. (In press). Seventy-three participants who were recruited on the basis of experiencing frequent and prolonged loneliness were contacted to complete questionnaires measuring loneliness, quality of life, and symptoms of psychopathology two years after the conclusion of the initial treatment period. Additional items regarding use of the treatment techniques and strategies contained in the programme during the follow-up period was included. In total, 44 participants provided data for the loneliness measure at follow-up. The outcome data were analyzed with a piecewise mixed effects model to provide estimates of change for the continuous measures. Linear multiple regression analysis was used to investigate the relationship between use of treatment techniques and reliable change on the primary outcome measure. The results showed decreases in loneliness during the follow-up period for the sample as a whole. Additionally, an increase in quality of life and a decrease in social anxiety were noted, but no significant changes of depressive symptoms or generalized anxiety. Effect sizes for the observed changes from baseline to follow-up were in the moderate to large range for all measures. Reported use of the treatment techniques was not significantly related to reliable change in loneliness after the two-year period. In conclusion, the results of the study support the utility of internet-based CBT targeting loneliness and indicate that the benefits from the intervention can be enduring.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020. Vol. 19, article id 100301
Keywords [en]
Internet-based cognitive behavior therapy; Loneliness; CBT; Guided self-help
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-164032DOI: 10.1016/j.invent.2019.100301ISI: 000512973600011PubMedID: 32071885Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85078484005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-164032DiVA, id: diva2:1411785
Note

Funding Agencies|Linkoping University

Available from: 2020-03-04 Created: 2020-03-04 Last updated: 2020-03-25Bibliographically approved

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Andersson, Gerhard

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