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Bystander behaviour in peer victimisation: moral disengagement, defender self-efficacy and student-teacher relationship quality
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education, Teaching and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education, Teaching and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9233-3862
Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, The Division of Statistics and Machine Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
Univ Padua, Italy.
2020 (English)In: Research Papers in Education, ISSN 0267-1522, E-ISSN 1470-1146Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to examine how different bystander roles in peer victimisation situations relate to moral disengagement, defender self-efficacy, and student-teacher relationship quality. Self-reported survey data were collected from 333 middle and junior high school students (10-15 years of age) from four schools in Sweden. Random intercept model analyses of factor scores revealed that, when witnessing peer victimisation, students high in moral disengagement and low in defender self-efficacy were more inclined to act as reinforcers or outsiders, and that students high in defender self-efficacy and student-teacher relationship quality were more inclined to act as defenders. Furthermore, examining these relationships within and between classes revealed that reinforcer and outsider behaviours were more common among students who, compared to their classmates, were higher in moral disengagement and lower in defender self-efficacy, whereas defending was more common among students who, compared to their classmates, were higher in defender self-efficacy. The results enrich the knowledge of factors related to different bystander behaviours, which has potential implications for prevention and intervention work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD , 2020.
Keywords [en]
Peer victimisation; bystander behaviour; moral disengagement; defender self-efficacy; student-teacher relationship quality
National Category
Pedagogical Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-164082DOI: 10.1080/02671522.2020.1723679ISI: 000513615600001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-164082DiVA, id: diva2:1411820
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research CouncilSwedish Research Council [2013-7753]

Available from: 2020-03-04 Created: 2020-03-04 Last updated: 2020-03-25

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Sjögren, BjörnThornberg, RobertWänström, Linda
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