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Data-Driven Engine Fault Classification and Severity Estimation Using Residuals and Data
Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Vehicular Systems.
2020 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Recent technological advances in the automotive industry have made vehicularsystems increasingly complex in terms of both hardware and software. As thecomplexity of the systems increase, so does the complexity of efficient monitoringof these system. With increasing computational power the field of diagnosticsis becoming evermore focused on software solutions for detecting and classifyinganomalies in the supervised systems. Model-based methods utilize knowledgeabout the physical system to device nominal models of the system to detect deviations,while data-driven methods uses historical data to come to conclusionsabout the present state of the system in question. This study proposes a combinedmodel-based and data-driven diagnostic framework for fault classification,severity estimation and novelty detection.

An algorithm is presented which uses a system model to generate a candidate setof residuals for the system. A subset of the residuals are then selected for eachfault using L1-regularized logistic regression. The time series training data fromthe selected residuals is labelled with fault and severity. It is then compressedusing a Gaussian parametric representation, and data from different fault modesare modelled using 1-class support vector machines. The classification of datais performed by utilizing the support vector machine description of the data inthe residual space, and the fault severity is estimated as a convex optimizationproblem of minimizing the Kullback-Leibler divergence (kld) between the newdata and training data of different fault modes and severities.

The algorithm is tested with data collected from a commercial Volvo car enginein an engine test cell and the results are presented in this report. Initial testsindicate the potential of the kld for fault severity estimation and that noveltydetection performance is closely tied to the residual selection process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 51
Keywords [en]
Machine learning, Supervised learning, Diagnostic systems, Fault severity estimation, Vehicular systems
National Category
Vehicle Engineering Reliability and Maintenance Signal Processing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-165736ISRN: LiTH-ISY-EX--20/5289--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-165736DiVA, id: diva2:1430882
Subject / course
Electrical Engineering
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Examiners
Available from: 2020-05-18 Created: 2020-05-18 Last updated: 2020-05-18Bibliographically approved

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Vehicular Systems
Vehicle EngineeringReliability and MaintenanceSignal Processing

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf